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广东电力生产的温室气体排放趋势和演变特征

林楚彬 赵黛青 蔡国田 王泉和

林楚彬, 赵黛青, 蔡国田, 王泉和. 广东电力生产的温室气体排放趋势和演变特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(1): 8-15.
引用本文: 林楚彬, 赵黛青, 蔡国田, 王泉和. 广东电力生产的温室气体排放趋势和演变特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(1): 8-15.
LIN Chubin, ZHAO Daiqing, CAI Guotian, WANG Quanhe. Characteristics and Trends of Electricity-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Guangdong Province, China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(1): 8-15.
Citation: LIN Chubin, ZHAO Daiqing, CAI Guotian, WANG Quanhe. Characteristics and Trends of Electricity-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Guangdong Province, China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(1): 8-15.

广东电力生产的温室气体排放趋势和演变特征

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41001084)

Characteristics and Trends of Electricity-Related Greenhouse Gas Emissions in Guangdong Province, China

  • 摘要: 通过文献调研收集广东电力生产最新的能源消费数据和排放因子,采用“自上而下”方法估算1995—2011年广东电力行业的直接和间接GHG(温室气体)排放量,量化直接排放量的不确定性,绘制GHG排放流向图,并且根据GHG排放特征提出减排建议. 结果表明:①虽然受经济、环境和能源政策的影响,与1995年相比,2011年广东电力生产的GHG总排放量仍增长438%,达3.44×108 t,其中直接排放量达2.78×108 t,不确定性为±11%. ②从发电能源结构角度考虑,燃煤发电是电力生产的最大GHG排放源,2011年其排放量占总排放量的76%;而从用电终端考虑,工业用电是最大的GHG排放源,2011年其排放量占电力生产GHG总排放量的66%. ③1995—2011年,用电终端总体电力GHG排放强度下降了16%,居民用电人均GHG排放量上升了260%,单位综合发电量的GHG排放系数微升了1%. ④发电能源结构和终端产业结构的低碳化以及控制居民用电的GHG排放量等措施可减排2011年广东电力生产GHG总排放量的44%.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-03-10
  • 修回日期:  2014-09-02
  • 刊出日期:  2015-01-25

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