留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

河口与近海营养状况评价方法及其应用验证

郭洲华 王金坑 王 翠 颜 利 郭晓峰 谢森扬

郭洲华, 王金坑, 王 翠, 颜 利, 郭晓峰, 谢森扬. 河口与近海营养状况评价方法及其应用验证[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(1): 23-30.
引用本文: 郭洲华, 王金坑, 王 翠, 颜 利, 郭晓峰, 谢森扬. 河口与近海营养状况评价方法及其应用验证[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(1): 23-30.
GUO Zhouhua, WANG Jinkeng, WANG Cui, YAN Li, GUO Xiaofeng, XIE Senyang. Application and Validation of an Integrated Methodology for the Assessment of Estuarine and Coastal Trophic Status in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(1): 23-30.
Citation: GUO Zhouhua, WANG Jinkeng, WANG Cui, YAN Li, GUO Xiaofeng, XIE Senyang. Application and Validation of an Integrated Methodology for the Assessment of Estuarine and Coastal Trophic Status in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(1): 23-30.

河口与近海营养状况评价方法及其应用验证

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41406121);福建省自然科学基金项目(2012J05075);国家海洋局第三海洋研究所基本科研业务专项(海三科2011017)

Application and Validation of an Integrated Methodology for the Assessment of Estuarine and Coastal Trophic Status in China

  • 摘要: 基于压力-状态-响应(PSR)模型,建立了我国河口与近海营养状况评价法. 通过分析当前富营养化概念模型研究结果,引入A(人为影响指数)和表征过滤与调节作用的ΔSA/SA(层化系数)作为压力指标,从富营养化负面效应筛选出高效的表层ρ(Chla)、d(浮游植物细胞密度)、底层ρ(DO)、a(底栖生物个体丰度)和RT(赤潮指数)作为状态指标,并以v(未来营养盐通量年均变化)作为响应指标. 综合考虑国内外相关标准来界定评价指标分类标准,采用统计处理、矩阵法集成得到G(营养状况等级),并成功应用于九龙江河口区. 应用验证结果表明:2010年九龙江河口区G为“差”,北部采样点优于南部,与人为环境压力空间分布一致;Kolmogorov-Smirnov非参数检验显示,G为“中”和“差”的两类采样点之间的ρ(COD)、ρ(DIN)、ρ(TN)、ρ(DSi)、ρ(SPM)(其中DSi和SPM分别为溶解态硅酸盐、悬浮颗粒物)差异显著(p<0.05),ρ(TP)、ρ(DIP)因“磷缓冲”机制而趋于均匀分布(p>0.05),评价结果可识别出评价体系并未包含的主要环境因子状况;与第一阶段评价法相比,河口与近海营养状况评价法注重富营养化症状的评价,因此具有更易识别营养状况恶化与否的优势.

     

  • [1] LIU K K,ATKINSON L,QUIONES R,et al.Carbon and nutrient fluxes in continental margins:a global synthesis .Berlin:Springer,2010.
    [2] BRICKER S B,LONGSTAFF B,DENNISON W,et al.Effects of nutrient enrichment in the nation's estuaries:a decade of change .Harmful Algae,2008,8(1):21-32.
    [3] OSPAR Commission.OSPAR integrated report 2003 on the eutrophication status of the OSPAR maritime area based upon the first application of the comprehensive procedure .London:OSPAR,2003.
    [4] XIAO Y J,FERREIRA J G,BRICKER S B,et al.Trophic assessment in Chinese coastal systems:review of methods and application to the Changjiang (Yangtze) Estuary and Jiaozhou Bay .Estuaries and Coasts,2007,0(6):901-918.
    [5] BRICKER S B,CLEMENT C G,PIRHALLA D E,et al.National estuarine eutrophication assessment:effect of nutrient enrichment in the nation's estuaries .Silver Spring:The National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science,1999.
    [6] BRICKER S B,FERREIRA J G,SIMAS T C.An integrated methodology for assessment of estuarine trophic status .Ecological Modelling,2003,9(1):39-60.
    [7] HELCOM.Eutrophication in the Baltic Sea:an integrated thematic assessment of the effects of nutrient enrichment in the Baltic Sea region .Helsinki:Erweko Painotuote Oy,2009.
    [8] 郭卫东,章小明,杨逸萍,等.中国近岸海域潜在性富营养化程度的评价.台湾海峡,1998,7(1):64-70.GUO Weidong,ZHANG Xiaoming,YANG Yiping,et al.Potential eutrophication assessment for Chinese coastal waters .Taiwan Strait,1998,7(1):64-70.
    [9] CLOERN J E.Our evolving conceptual model of coastal eutrophication problem .Marine Ecology Progress Series,2001,0(2):223-253.
    [10] 郭洲华.九龙江河口区营养状况分析与评价.厦门:国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,2012.
    [11] FERREIRA J G,ANDERSEN J H,BORJA A,et al.Marine strategy framework directive:task group 5 report eutrophication .Luxembourg:Office for Official Publications of the European Communities,2010.
    [12] NIXON S W.Coastal marine eutrophication:a definition,social causes,and future concerns .Ophelia,1995,1(1):199-219.
    [13] US EPA.Nutrient criteria technical guidance manual:estuarine and coastal marine waters .Washington DC:US EPA,2001.
    [14] CHAI Chao,YU Zhiming,SONG Xiuxian,et al.The status and characteristics of eutrophication in the Yangtze River (Changjiang) Estuary and the adjacent East China Sea,China .Hydrobiologia,2006,3(1):313-328.
    [15] HOBBIE J E.Estuarine science:a synthetic approach to research and practice .Washington DC:Island Press,2000.
    [16] LE TISSIER M D A,BUDDEMEIER R,PARSLOW J,et al.The role of the coastal ocean in the disturbed and undisturbed nutrient and carbon cycles:a management perspective .Geesthacht:LOICZ,2006.
    [17] HANSEN D V,RATTRAY M.New dimensions in estuary classification .Limnology and Oceanography,1966,1(3):319-326.
    [18] BRICKER S B,LONGSTAFF B,DENNISON W,et al.Effects of nutrient enrichment in the nation's estuaries:a decade of change .Silver Spring:National Centers for Coastal Ocean Science,2007.
    [19] TETT P,GILPIN L,SVENDSEN H,et al.Eutrophication and some European waters of restricted exchange .Continental Shelf Research,2003,3(17/18/19):1635-1671.
    [20] 杨清良,林更铭.厦门海域浮游植物夏季赤潮期间分布变异的多元分析.生态学报,2007,7(2):465-476.YANG Qingliang,LIN Gengming.A multivariate analysis of variability of phytoplankton distribution in Xiamen seas during summer bloom period .Acta Ecologica Sinica,2007,7(2):465-476.
    [21] 费尊乐,李宝华.叶绿素a与初级生产力之间的相关关系.青岛海洋大学学报,1990,0(1):73-80.FEI Zunle,LI Baohua.Relaiton between chlorophyll-a and primary productivity .Journal of Ocean University of Qingdao,1990,0(1):73-80.
    [22] KARYDIS M,TSIRTSIS G.Ecological indices:a biometric approach for assessing eutrophication levels in the marine environment .Science of the Total Environment,1996,6(3):209-219.
    [23] SPATHARIS S,TSIRTSIS G.Ecological quality scales based on phytoplankton for the implementation of Water Framework Directive in the Eastern Mediterranean .Ecological Indicators,2010,0(4):840-847.
    [24] KARYDIS M.Eutrophication assessment of coastal waters based on indicators:a literature review .Global NEST Journal,2009,1(4):373-390.
    [25] TSIRTSIS G,KARYDIS M.Evaluation of phytoplankton community indices for detecting eutrophic trends in the marine environment .Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,1998,0(3):255-269.
    [26] KITSIOU D,KARYDIS M.Marine eutrophication:a proposed data analysis procedure for assessing spatial trends .Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,2001,8(3):297-312.
    [27] KITSIOU D,KARYDIS M.Multi-dimensional evaluation and ranking of coastal areas using GIS and multiple criteria choice methods .Science of the Total Environment,2002,4(1/2/3):1-17.
    [28] BORJA A,FRANCO J,VALENCIA V,et al.Implementation of European water framework directive from the Basque Country (northern Spain):a methodological approach .Marine Pollution Bulletin,2004,8(3/4):209-218.
    [29] 梁玉波.中国赤潮灾害调查与评价(1933—2009).北京:海洋出版社,2012.
    [30] GIKAS G D,YIANNAKOPOULOU T,TSIHRINTZIS V A.Water quality trends in a coastal lagoon impacted by non-point source pollution after implementation of protective measures .Hydrobiologia,2006,3(1):385-406.
    [31] US EPA.National coastal condition report Ⅳ .Washington DC:US EPA Office of Research and Development and Office of Water,2012.
    [32] EHMP.Ecosystem health monitoring program 2005-2006 annual technical report .Brisbane:South East Queensland Healthy Waterways Partnership,2007.
    [33] OSPAR Commission.Ecological quality objectives for the Greater North Sea with regard to nutrients and eutrophication effects .London:OSPAR,2005.
    [34] US EPA Office of Water.Ambient aquatic life water quality criteria for dissolved oxygen (saltwater):Cape Cod to Cape Hatteras .Washington DC:US EPA,2000.
    [35] 陈朝华,吴海燕,陈克亮,等.近岸海域生态质量状况综合评价方法:以同安湾为例.应用生态学报,2011,2(7):1841-1848.CHEN Zhaohua,WU Haiyan,CHEN Keliang,et al.An integrated assessment method of ecological quality status in coastal waters:taking Tong'an Bay as a case .Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2011,2(7):1841-1848.
    [36] KITSIOU D,KARYDIS M.Coastal marine eutrophication assessment:a review on data analysis .Environment International,2011,7(4):778-801.
    [37] PRIMPAS I,KARYDIS M.Improving statistical distinctness in assessing trophic levels:the development of simulated normal distributions .Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,2010,9(1/2/3/4):353-369.
    [38] GIOVANARDI F,FINOIA M G,RUSSO S,et al.Coastal waters monitoring data:frequency distributions of the principal water quality variables .Journal of Limnology,2006,5(2):65-82.
    [39] BORJA A,GALPARSORO I,SOLAUN O,et al.The European water framework directive and the DPSIR:a methodological approach to assess the risk of failing to achieve good ecological status .Estuarine,Coastal and Shelf Science,2006,6(1/2):84-96.
    [40] BORJA A,RODRíGUEZ J G.Problems associated with the “one-out,all-out” principle,when using multiple ecosystem components in assessing the ecological status of marine waters .Marine Pollution Bulletin,2010,0(8):1143-1146.
    [41] 厦门市海洋与渔业局.厦门市海洋环境质量公报[EB/OL].厦门:厦门市海洋与渔业局,2012[2012-07-07].http://www.hyj.xm.gov.cn/Ocean/NewsList.aspx.
    [42] 国家海洋局第三海洋研究所.厦门新机场建设海砂资源开采项目海洋化学调查报告.厦门:国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,2013.
    [43] LI Min,WHELAN M J,WANG Guangqian,et al.Phosphorus sorption and buffering mechanisms in suspended sediments from the Yangtze Estuary and Hangzhou Bay,China .Biogeosciences,2013,0(5):3341-3348.
    [44] 王修林,李克强,石晓勇.胶州湾主要化学污染物海洋环境容量.北京:科学出版社,2006.
    [45] WU Haiyan,CHEN Keliang,CHEN Zhaohua,et al.Evaluation for the ecological quality status of coastal waters in East China Sea using fuzzy integrated assessment method .Marine Pollution Bulletin,2012,4(3):546-555.
    [46] 国家海洋局第三海洋研究所.2008年10月厦门环东海域综合整治建设工程海洋环境影响跟踪监测报告书.厦门:国家海洋局第三海洋研究所,2008.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2712
  • HTML全文浏览量:  14
  • PDF下载量:  3893
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-01-13
  • 修回日期:  2014-07-10
  • 刊出日期:  2015-01-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回