留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

河北省气溶胶标高时空变化及其成因

成贺玺 王 卫 杜玮璐 邸兰杰 牛子宁 王京涛

成贺玺, 王 卫, 杜玮璐, 邸兰杰, 牛子宁, 王京涛. 河北省气溶胶标高时空变化及其成因[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(2): 190-197.
引用本文: 成贺玺, 王 卫, 杜玮璐, 邸兰杰, 牛子宁, 王京涛. 河北省气溶胶标高时空变化及其成因[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(2): 190-197.
CHENG Hexi, WANG Wei, DU Weilu, DI Lanjie, NIU Zining, WANG Jingtao. Simulation of Temporal and Spatial Variations and Causes of Aerosol Scale Height in Hebei Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 190-197.
Citation: CHENG Hexi, WANG Wei, DU Weilu, DI Lanjie, NIU Zining, WANG Jingtao. Simulation of Temporal and Spatial Variations and Causes of Aerosol Scale Height in Hebei Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 190-197.

河北省气溶胶标高时空变化及其成因

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41471091); 河北省高校重点学科建设项目

Simulation of Temporal and Spatial Variations and Causes of Aerosol Scale Height in Hebei Province

  • 摘要: 以2012年河北省20个监测站的MODIS AOD(气溶胶光学厚度)和近地面水平能见度数据为基础,应用Peterson 模型和高斯模型,计算气溶胶标高月均值年内变化模型系数;应用全微分近似计算原理,构建了气溶胶标高时空变化的成因模型.结果表明:①全省平均气溶胶标高以夏季最高,为3.298 km;春、秋季次之,分别为2.864和2.284 km;冬季最低,为1.597 km. 全省气溶胶标高空间分布以夏季地域差异最显著,最大值为3.193 km;冬季地域差异最小,最大值为1.487 km. ②在全省尺度上,大气颗粒物排放强度和大气边界层高度每变化1%时,将会引致气溶胶标高分别变化0.577%和0.143%,二者对气溶胶标高变化的贡献率分别为80.1%和19.9%;在省内6个次级区域尺度上,大气颗粒物排放强度越大的区域,大气边界层高度对气溶胶标高的贡献率越大,如冀中南平原、沧州沿海平原和冀东平原的贡献率分别达到63.7%、57.8%、54.2%;反之则贡献率较低,如冀中平原、冀西北山区和冀东北山区的贡献率则分别仅为45.4%、32.6%、8.6%.

     

  • [1] GERASOPOULOS E,ANDREAE M O,ZEREFOS C S,et al.Climatological aspects of aerosol optical properties in Northern Greece.Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics,2003(3):2025-2041.
    [2] SIMPSON J J,GOBAT J I.Improve cloud detection in GOES scenes over land.Remote Sensing of Environment,1995,2(1):36-54.
    [3] 朱忠敏,余娟,龚威.Peterson模型的参数选择及优化.武汉大学学报:信息科学版,2011,6(9):1025-1029.ZHU Zhongmin,YU Juan,GONG Wei.Parameter selection and optimization of peterson model.Geomatics and Information Science of Wuhan University,2011,6(9):1025-1029.
    [4] QIU Jinhuan,ZONG Xuemei,ZHANG Xiaoye.A study of the scaling height of the tropospheric aerosol and its extinction coefficient profile.Journal of Aerosol Science,2005,6:361-371.
    [5] HESS M,KOEPKE P,SCHULT I.Optical properties of aerosols and clouds:the soft ware package OPAC.Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society,1998,9(5):831-844.
    [6] HE Kebin,YANG Fumo,MA Yongliang,et al.The characteristics of PM2.5 in Beijing,China.Atmospheric Environment,2001,5(29):4959-4970.
    [7] 汤大钢,刘红杰,王玮,等.中国华北地区冬季大气污染物航空测量:Ⅳ.空中气态污染物污染特征研究.环境科学研究,2000,3(1):6-9.TANG Dagang,LIU Hongjie,WANG Wei,et al.Aircraft measurement of atmospheric pollutants inwinter in north China:Ⅳ.research on pollution properties of gaseous pollutants.Research of Environmental Sciences,2000,3(1):6-9.
    [8] 张宁,李利平,董继元,等.1990与2007年兰州冬季大气气溶胶中水溶性离子浓度比较.环境科学研究,2010,3(5):647-652.ZHANG Ning,LI Liping,DONG Jiyuan,et al.Comparative study of water-soluble ions in atmospheric aerosols in Lanzhou in winters of 1990 and 2007.Research of Environmental Sciences,2010,3(5):647-652.
    [9] CHEN Jianshan,XIN Jinyuan,AN Junlin,et al.Observation of aerosol optical properties and particulate pollution at background station in the Pearl River Delta region.Atmospheric Research,2008,7(27):216-227.
    [10] 王玮,汤大钢,刘红杰,等.中国华北地区冬季大气污染物航空测量:Ⅱ.空中大气气溶胶污染特征研究.环境科学研究,2000,3(1):10-13.WANG Wei,TANG Dagang,LIU Hongjie,et al.Aircraft measurement of atmospheric pollutants inwinter in North China:Ⅱ.research on pollution properties of atmospheric aerosols.Research of Environmental Sciences,2000,3(1):10-13.
    [11] WANG Jun,CHRISTOPHER S A.Intercomparison between satellite-derived aerosol optical thickness and PM2.5 mass:implications for air quality studies.Geophysical Research Letters,2003,0(21):1-4.
    [12] 杜吴鹏,高庆先,孙丹,等.中国春季北方大气气溶胶浓度特征.环境科学研究,2011,4(1):11-19.DU Wupeng,GAO Qingxian,SUN Dan,et al.Concentration characteristics of atmospheric aerosols in Northern China in spring.Research of Environmental Sciences,2011,4(1):11-19.
    [13] DONKELAAR A V,MARTIN R V,BTAUER M,et al.Global estimates of ambient fine particulate matter concentrations from satellite-based aerosol optical depth:development and application.Environmental Health Perspectives,2010,8(6):847-855
    [14] TAO Jinhua,ZHANG Meigen,CHEN Liangfu,et al.A method to estimate concentrations of surface-level particulate matter using satellite-based aerosol optical thickness.Science China:Earth Sciences,2013,8:1422-1433.
    [15] KUMAR N,CHU A,FOSTER A.An empirical relationship between PM2.5 and aerosol optical depth in Delhi Metropolitan.Atmospheric Environment,2007,1(21):4492-4503.
    [16] GUO Jianping,ZHANG Xiaoye,CHE Huizheng,et al.Correlation between PM concentrations and aerosol optical depth in eastern China.Atmospheric Environment,2009,3(37):5876-5886.
    [17] 高大伟,徐宏辉,郁珍艳,等.MODIS气溶胶光学厚度在临安大气颗粒物监测中的应用.环境科学研究,2012,5(7):739-744.GAO Dawei,XU Honghui,YU Zhenyan,et al.Application of MODIS aerosol optical depth in monitoring PM10 concentrations in Lin'an.Research of Environmental Sciences,2012,5(7):739-744.
    [18] PETERSON J T,FEE C J.Visibility-atmospheric turbidity dependence at Rayleigh,North Carolina.Atmospheric Environment,1981,5:2561-2563.
    [19] HAN Xiao,ZHANG Meigen,TAO Jinhua,et al.Modeling aerosol impacts on atmospheric visibility in Beijing with RAMS-CMAQ.Atmospheric Environment,2013,2:177-191.
    [20] DENG Junjun,DU Ke,WANG Kai,et al.Long-term atmospheric visibility trend in Southeast China,1973-2010.Atmospheric Environment,2012,9:11-21.
    [21] LIU Xingang,ZHANG Yuanhang,CHENG Yafang,et al.Aerosol hygroscopicity and its impact on atmospheric visibility and radiative forcing in Guangzhou during the 2006 PRIDE-PRD campaign.Atmospheric Environment,2012,0:59-67.
    [22] 李成才,毛节泰,刘启汉,等.利用MODIS光学厚度遥感产品研究北京及周边地区的大气污染.大气科学,2003,7(5):869-880.LI Chengcai,MAO Jietai,LIU Qihan,et al.Research on the air pollution in Beijing and its surroundings with MODIS AOD products.Chinese Journal of Atmospheric Sciences,2003,7(5):869-880.
    [23] KAUFMAN Y J,SENDRA C.Algorithm for automatic atmospheric corrections to visible and near-IR satellite imagery.International Journal of Remote Sensing,1988,9(8):1357-1381.
    [24] TANRE D,DEVAUX C,HERMAN M,et al.Radiative properties of desert aerosols by optical ground-based measurements at solar wavelengths.Journal of Geophysical Research,1988,3(D11):14223-14231.
    [25] 范伟,韩永,王毅,等.内陆和沿海地区大气气溶胶标高的测量分析.红外与激光工程,2006,5(5):532-535.FAN Wei,HAN Yong,WANG Yi,et al.Analysis on aerosol scale height measured at inland and coastal zone.Infrared and Laser Engineering,2006,5(5):532-535.
    [26] HAN Xiao,ZHANG Meigen,HAN Zhiwei,et al.Simulation of aerosol direct radiative forcing with RAMS-CMAQ in East Asia.Atmospheric Environment,2011,5:6576-6592.
    [27] YU Juan,GONG Wei,ZHU Zhongmin.Optimized transformation model of aerosol optical depth and visibility based on Gaussian curve.Journal of Remote Sensing,2011,5(5):1008-1014.
    [28] SUN Xia,YIN Yan,SUN Yuwen,et al.Seasonal and vertical variations in aerosol distribution over Shijiazhuang,China.Atmospheric Environment,2013,1:245-252
    [29] HARRISON R G.Aerosol-induced correlation between visibility and atmospheric electricity.Journal of Aerosol Science,2012,2:121-126.
    [30] 陈韵竹,施润和,王超,等.区域优化Peterson模型的气溶胶光学厚度估算分析.地球信息科学学报,2013,5(2):241-248.CHEN Yunzhu,SHI Runhe,WANG Chao,et al.Estimating aerosol optical depth based on regional optimized peterson model.Journal of Geo-Information Science,2013,5(2):241-248.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2600
  • HTML全文浏览量:  8
  • PDF下载量:  2048
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 刊出日期:  2015-02-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回