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重庆市重要生态功能区生态系统服务动态变化

邓 伟 刘 红 李世龙 袁兴中 张跃伟 李 波 齐 静

邓 伟, 刘 红, 李世龙, 袁兴中, 张跃伟, 李 波, 齐 静. 重庆市重要生态功能区生态系统服务动态变化[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(2): 250-258.
引用本文: 邓 伟, 刘 红, 李世龙, 袁兴中, 张跃伟, 李 波, 齐 静. 重庆市重要生态功能区生态系统服务动态变化[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(2): 250-258.
DENG Wei, LIU Hong, LI Shilong, YUAN Xingzhong, ZHANG Yuewei, LI Bo, QI Jing. Dynamic Changes of Ecosystem Services of Key Ecological Function Areas in Chongqing, China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 250-258.
Citation: DENG Wei, LIU Hong, LI Shilong, YUAN Xingzhong, ZHANG Yuewei, LI Bo, QI Jing. Dynamic Changes of Ecosystem Services of Key Ecological Function Areas in Chongqing, China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 250-258.

重庆市重要生态功能区生态系统服务动态变化

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2013ZX07104-004-05);国家环境保护部重大科技专项(0222002605056);重庆市环境保护局重大科技项目

Dynamic Changes of Ecosystem Services of Key Ecological Function Areas in Chongqing, China

  • 摘要: 借助遥感数据和GIS空间分析技术,选取生物多样性维持、土壤保持、水源涵养和固碳4种生态系统服务建立评估模型,对2000—2010年重庆市域内3个重要生态功能区——三峡库区水源涵养重要区(下称三峡重要区)、秦巴山区水源涵养重要区(下称秦巴重要区)和都市区“四山”生态屏障重要区(下称“四山”重要区)生态系统服务的时空变异特征进行综合研究. 结果表明:①2000—2010年,三峡重要区4种生态系统服务均呈增强趋势. ②秦巴重要区内,生物多样性维持和水源涵养功能总体较好,并且持续增强;固碳功能有所减弱,该时段内固碳功能高等级面积减少了931.90 km2. ③“四山”重要区土壤保持和水源涵养功能有所增强,生物多样性维持和固碳功能略有减弱. ④重庆市重要生态功能区生态系统服务以中和较高等级分布为主,空间差异较大,异质性明显. 生态系统服务较好区域主要分布在渝东北秦巴山区以及中西部植被覆盖较好的山脊;市域中部长寿、垫江、涪陵等区县生态系统服务相对较弱. 10 a间,重庆市重要生态功能区生态系统服务总体呈变好趋势,但局部地区有所减弱,主要表现为秦巴和“四山”重要区固碳功能的降低.

     

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  • 刊出日期:  2015-02-25

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