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调水调沙对黄河口海域大型底栖动物群落的影响

李少文 张 莹 李 凡 吕振波

李少文, 张 莹, 李 凡, 吕振波. 调水调沙对黄河口海域大型底栖动物群落的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(2): 259-266.
引用本文: 李少文, 张 莹, 李 凡, 吕振波. 调水调沙对黄河口海域大型底栖动物群落的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(2): 259-266.
LI Shaowen, ZHANG Ying, LI Fan, LYU Zhenbo. Effects of Water and Sediment Discharge Regulation on Macrobenthic Community in the Yellow River Estuary[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 259-266.
Citation: LI Shaowen, ZHANG Ying, LI Fan, LYU Zhenbo. Effects of Water and Sediment Discharge Regulation on Macrobenthic Community in the Yellow River Estuary[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 259-266.

调水调沙对黄河口海域大型底栖动物群落的影响

基金项目: 国家海洋公益性行业科研专项(201405010);“泰山学者”岗位基金项目(TS200651036);烟台市科技发展计划项目(2011062)

Effects of Water and Sediment Discharge Regulation on Macrobenthic Community in the Yellow River Estuary

  • 摘要: 于2013年调水调沙前(未开始)、中、后(结束)分别对黄河口海域18个监测站进行了3个航次的大型底栖动物调查,对调水调沙期间大型底栖动物与环境因子的关系进行了研究. 结果表明:3次调查共发现大型底栖动物118种,生物量在调水调沙前、中、后分别为(4.31±1.43)、(5.57±3.85)和(4.04±1.38)g/m2,栖息密度分别为(241±59)、(173±44)和(199±40)ind/m2,并且3次调查期间的生物量和栖息密度均无显著差异(P>0.05);调水调沙期间优势种更替不明显;Shannon-Wiener多样性指数等级在调水调沙前、后均评价为“好”,调水调沙期间为“中等”. 冗余分析表明,除少数机会种和污染指示种外,多数大型底栖动物对环境因子的生态需求为深水、高pH、高盐度和高ρ(DO)(DO为溶解氧). 调水调沙影响范围为调查扇面的东北及河口海域,出现软体动物死亡、多毛类机会种等数量大幅增加的现象. BOPA(底栖动物多毛类机会种和端足目动物)指数和环境因子统计分析显示,调水调沙期间大部分站位环境质量良好,河口污染有加重趋势.

     

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  • 刊出日期:  2015-02-25

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