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氢基质生物膜反应器去除对氯硝基苯的影响因素分析

李海翔 林 华 游少鸿 徐晓茵 夏四清

李海翔, 林 华, 游少鸿, 徐晓茵, 夏四清. 氢基质生物膜反应器去除对氯硝基苯的影响因素分析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(2): 304-309.
引用本文: 李海翔, 林 华, 游少鸿, 徐晓茵, 夏四清. 氢基质生物膜反应器去除对氯硝基苯的影响因素分析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(2): 304-309.
LI Haixiang, LIN Hua, YOU Shaohong, XU Xiaoyin, XIA Siqing. The Impact Factors of Removal of Para-Chloronitrobenzene Using a Hydrogen-Based Membrane Biofilm Reactor[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 304-309.
Citation: LI Haixiang, LIN Hua, YOU Shaohong, XU Xiaoyin, XIA Siqing. The Impact Factors of Removal of Para-Chloronitrobenzene Using a Hydrogen-Based Membrane Biofilm Reactor[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(2): 304-309.

氢基质生物膜反应器去除对氯硝基苯的影响因素分析

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51378368);广西自然科学基金项目(2013GXNSFBA019208);广西危险废物处置产业化人才小高地项目

The Impact Factors of Removal of Para-Chloronitrobenzene Using a Hydrogen-Based Membrane Biofilm Reactor

  • 摘要: 基于MBfR(氢基质生物膜反应器)研究进水中ρ(p-CNB)(p-CNB为对氯硝基苯)和氢气压力对氢基质自养微生物还原降解p-CNB的影响,同时分析在ρ(p-CNB)和氢气压力影响下生物膜内电子受体生物还原的当量电子通量和还原动力学. 结果表明:提高进水中的ρ(p-CNB),p-CNB、p-CAN(对氯苯胺)的去除通量分别由0.014、0.011 g/(m2·d)升至0.099、0.060 g/(m2·d),但p-CNB的去除率由95.9%降至68.4%;提高氢气压力,p-CNB、p-CAN的去除通量分别由0.027、0.019 g/(m2·d)升至0.028、0.022 g/(m2·d),p-CNB去除率由93.1%升至95.1%,升幅均不大,说明进水ρ(p-CNB)比氢气压力更能直接影响p-CNB和p-CAN的去除通量及p-CNB去除率. 当量电子通量分配和还原动力学结果表明,p-CNB和p-CAN的还原对氢气压力升高的敏感性不强烈,进一步揭示降低进水中ρ(p-CNB)比提高氢气压力更能明显地促进微生物对p-CNB和p-CAN的去除效果. 氢气压力变化对硫酸盐还原和反硝化的影响程度高于p-CNB或p-CAN的还原,当氢气可利用率受限时,p-CNB或p-CAN的还原会由于电子供体的竞争而受到抑制.

     

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  • 刊出日期:  2015-02-25

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