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太湖流域圩区陆地生态服务价值评估

闫人华 高俊峰 董川永 黄佳聪

闫人华, 高俊峰, 董川永, 黄佳聪. 太湖流域圩区陆地生态服务价值评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(3): 393-400.
引用本文: 闫人华, 高俊峰, 董川永, 黄佳聪. 太湖流域圩区陆地生态服务价值评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(3): 393-400.
YAN Renhua, GAO Junfeng, DONG Chuanyong, HUANG Jiacong. Assessment of Ecosystem Services for Polder Terrestrial Ecosystem in Taihu Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(3): 393-400.
Citation: YAN Renhua, GAO Junfeng, DONG Chuanyong, HUANG Jiacong. Assessment of Ecosystem Services for Polder Terrestrial Ecosystem in Taihu Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(3): 393-400.

太湖流域圩区陆地生态服务价值评估

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-001-03,2012ZX07506-001);中国科学院南京地理与湖泊研究所“一三五”重点布局项目(NIGLAS2012135005)

Assessment of Ecosystem Services for Polder Terrestrial Ecosystem in Taihu Basin

  • 摘要: 通过构建生态服务价值评价体系,对太湖流域圩区陆地生态服务价值进行估算,并分析其空间差异性. 结果表明:①圩区陆地生态系统面积为9 196.7 km2,其中农田、居民点与工矿用地、交通用地、林地等4个生态子系统面积所占比例分别为59.1%、34.5%、3.8%、2.5%. ②圩区陆地生态服务价值总量为219.374×108元/a,以间接生态价值(生态调节、生态维持价值)为主,占总量的61.6%. 其中生态服务价值最高的是下游杭嘉湖区(83.007×108元/a),其次为上游浙西区(39.104×108元/a)和湖西区(32.790×108元/a),三者占总量的70.6%;而下游浦西区、浦东区与上游的太湖区生态服务价值相对较低,仅占总量的9.1%. ③圩区单位面积陆地生态系统平均服务价值为2.385元/(m2·a),整体呈西高东低、南高北低的空间格局. ④因生态系统结构和生态效用机制的不同,林地单位面积各项生态服务均明显优于农田. ⑤流域景观综合指数在0.879~1.124之间,呈西高东低的空间分布特点.

     

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  • 刊出日期:  2015-03-25

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