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湖滨带生态退化及其与人类活动的相互作用

叶 春 李春华 吴 蕾 杨文娟

叶 春, 李春华, 吴 蕾, 杨文娟. 湖滨带生态退化及其与人类活动的相互作用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(3): 401-407.
引用本文: 叶 春, 李春华, 吴 蕾, 杨文娟. 湖滨带生态退化及其与人类活动的相互作用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(3): 401-407.
YE Chun, LI Chunhua, WU Lei, YANG Wenjuan. Ecological Degradation of Lake Littoral Zone and Interaction Effects with Human Activities[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(3): 401-407.
Citation: YE Chun, LI Chunhua, WU Lei, YANG Wenjuan. Ecological Degradation of Lake Littoral Zone and Interaction Effects with Human Activities[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(3): 401-407.

湖滨带生态退化及其与人类活动的相互作用

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07101-009)

Ecological Degradation of Lake Littoral Zone and Interaction Effects with Human Activities

  • 摘要: 湖滨带属于水陆生态交错带,是湖泊水生态系统与陆地生态系统间非常重要的过渡带. 根据湖滨带生态退化的表现形式,可以将湖滨带生态退化过程归纳为渐变退化、间断不连续退化、跃变退化、突变退化及复合退化5种类型. 系统自然退化是一个漫长渐变的过程,而人为干扰往往带有冲击负荷与胁迫压力.人类对湖滨带生态退化的影响与人类文明的发展历程密切相关,随着人类开发自然、利用自然能力的加强,对湖滨带生态退化的影响深度、范围也明显增强. 在文明初始阶段,人类对湖滨带处于被动适应及竞争利用的状态;文明成长阶段,人类开始对湖滨带进行主动开发及可控利用;在文明成熟阶段,从对湖滨带单纯开发利用拓展为发挥综合生态服务功能. 另一方面,湖滨带生态退化对人类产生的影响主要体现在生物资源萎缩、洪水灾害损失增加、可利用淡水资源减少、对人体健康造成威胁、美学价值丧失、影响水文化的历史传承等. 研究湖滨带的退化过程及其与人类活动之间的相互作用、相互影响关系,认清湖滨带自身的发展规律,识别湖滨带退化的驱动因子,有助于我们进一步保护湖滨带、修复退化的湖滨带或提出减缓湖滨带退化过程的有利措施.

     

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