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乐安河-鄱阳湖湿地植物群落分布及其环境影响因子

简敏菲 徐鹏飞 余厚平 熊小英 李 林

简敏菲, 徐鹏飞, 余厚平, 熊小英, 李 林. 乐安河-鄱阳湖湿地植物群落分布及其环境影响因子[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(3): 408-417.
引用本文: 简敏菲, 徐鹏飞, 余厚平, 熊小英, 李 林. 乐安河-鄱阳湖湿地植物群落分布及其环境影响因子[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(3): 408-417.
JIAN Minfei, XU Pengfei, YU Houping, XIONG Xiaoying, LI Lin. Distribution of the Aquatic Plant Communities and Its Environmental Impacted Factors in the Wetland between Le'an River and Poyang Lake[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(3): 408-417.
Citation: JIAN Minfei, XU Pengfei, YU Houping, XIONG Xiaoying, LI Lin. Distribution of the Aquatic Plant Communities and Its Environmental Impacted Factors in the Wetland between Le'an River and Poyang Lake[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(3): 408-417.

乐安河-鄱阳湖湿地植物群落分布及其环境影响因子

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41161035,41461042);江西省重大生态安全问题监控协同创新中心资助项目(JXS-EW-03)

Distribution of the Aquatic Plant Communities and Its Environmental Impacted Factors in the Wetland between Le'an River and Poyang Lake

  • 摘要: 于2012年平水期(4月)、丰水期(8月)和枯水期(11月)对乐安河自上游至下游及入鄱阳湖区域内湿地植物群落分布和水土环境因子进行调查,分析乐安河不同水期湿地植物群落的分布特征,通过DCCA(detrended canonical correspondence analysis,除趋势典范对应分析)探讨不同水期植物群落分布特征与环境因子间的定量关系. 结果表明:3个水期内共观测到湿地植物167种,不同水期植物种类及组成结构均具有显著差异. 其中平水期湿地植物102种,分属于33科75属;枯水期71种,分属于27科53属;丰水期种类最少,为55种,分属于20科42属. 乐安河上游处于未受矿山开采影响的对照区域内,水生植物群落分布主要受河流自然环境因素的影响. 对于受重金属酸性污染影响较严重的区域,DCCA排序结果显示,水土环境中pH和Cu、Pb、Cd等重金属含量是影响植物群落分布的重要因素. 其中,上游湿地植物群落分布主要受Cu含量和pH的影响;中、下游主要受水、土环境中重金属Pb、Cd的复合污染以及pH的影响. 乐安河湿地植物群落分布与环境因子间具有明显的对应关系,DCCA法能准确识别影响湿地植物群落分布的关键环境因子.

     

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