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基于用地规划的大型污染场地健康风险评估

张丽娜 姜 林 钟茂生 张志杰 夏天翔 朱笑盈

张丽娜, 姜 林, 钟茂生, 张志杰, 夏天翔, 朱笑盈. 基于用地规划的大型污染场地健康风险评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(5): 788-795.
引用本文: 张丽娜, 姜 林, 钟茂生, 张志杰, 夏天翔, 朱笑盈. 基于用地规划的大型污染场地健康风险评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(5): 788-795.
ZHANG Lina, JIANG Lin, ZHONG Maosheng, ZHANG Zhijie, XIA Tianxiang, ZHU Xiaoying. Risk Assessment Based on Planning Scenarios for a Large-Scale Contaminated Site[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(5): 788-795.
Citation: ZHANG Lina, JIANG Lin, ZHONG Maosheng, ZHANG Zhijie, XIA Tianxiang, ZHU Xiaoying. Risk Assessment Based on Planning Scenarios for a Large-Scale Contaminated Site[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(5): 788-795.

基于用地规划的大型污染场地健康风险评估

基金项目: 北京市科学技术委员会重大项目(D08040000360000);中意污染场地管理国际合作项目

Risk Assessment Based on Planning Scenarios for a Large-Scale Contaminated Site

  • 摘要: 以某焦化类大型污染场地苯污染土壤为例,针对S1(单一用地)、S2(多种用地)、S3(考虑建筑设计)3种暴露情景,分析不同情景下场地土壤中苯污染的暴露途径并进行健康风险评估. S1情景下的苯致癌风险为9.2×10-5. 在S2情景下,规划的5个分区中仅E区(居住用地)苯的致癌风险(4.3×10-4)高于可接受水平(1.0×10-6), 考虑到各功能区累积致癌风险,则E区高污染可导致其他4个功能区〔A区(商业用地)、B区(城市绿地)、C区(居住用地)、D区(商业用地)〕的累积致癌风险(分别为6.5×10-6、2.2×10-6、7.3×10-6、2.2×10-5)均高于可接受水平,表明单一用地会低估污染物聚集区的风险. 在S3情景下,A、B、C区土壤中苯的致癌风险(分别为1.2×10-7、2.7×10-7、2.5×10-7)均未超过可接受致癌风险水平;D区由于污染土壤被完全清除,不存在健康风险;E区开发后由剩余土壤产生的苯致癌风险为2.7×10-5,D区受E区影响产生的累积致癌风险(1.5×10-6)高于可接受水平. 进一步分析表明,场地的用地规划与建筑设计等因素将影响风险评估中关键参数(包括污染源浓度、水文地质参数、暴露参数、受体参数等)的取值,从而影响风险评估结果;此外,各功能区之间的风险影响也不容忽视. 对于大型污染场地,结合用地规划进行暴露情景分析与风险评估更为科学合理.

     

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