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基于大型底栖动物完整性指数的新疆额尔齐斯河健康评价

王 军 周 琼 谢从新 李 红 阿达可白克·可尔江 蔡林钢

王 军, 周 琼, 谢从新, 李 红, 阿达可白克·可尔江, 蔡林钢. 基于大型底栖动物完整性指数的新疆额尔齐斯河健康评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(6): 959-966.
引用本文: 王 军, 周 琼, 谢从新, 李 红, 阿达可白克·可尔江, 蔡林钢. 基于大型底栖动物完整性指数的新疆额尔齐斯河健康评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(6): 959-966.
WANG Jun, ZHOU Qiong, XIE Congxin, LI Hong, Adak, CAI Lingang. Health Assessment of Irtysh River in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Northwest China, based on Benthic-Index of Biotic Integrity (B-IBI)[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(6): 959-966.
Citation: WANG Jun, ZHOU Qiong, XIE Congxin, LI Hong, Adak, CAI Lingang. Health Assessment of Irtysh River in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Northwest China, based on Benthic-Index of Biotic Integrity (B-IBI)[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(6): 959-966.

基于大型底栖动物完整性指数的新疆额尔齐斯河健康评价

基金项目: 国家科技基础性工作专项项目(2012FY112700);华中农业大学大学生科技创新基金项目(2014190)

Health Assessment of Irtysh River in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, Northwest China, based on Benthic-Index of Biotic Integrity (B-IBI)

  • 摘要: 为建立我国西北地区跨境河流生态系统健康的评价指标与标准,应用B-IBI (benthic-index of biotic integrity,底栖动物完整性指数)评价新疆额尔齐斯河流域的健康状况. 于2012年7月、8月、10月及2013年5月在额尔齐斯河全流域设10个典型采样点,进行4次大型底栖动物调查,从23个候选生物指标中筛选出适用于构建额尔齐斯河B-IBI评价体系的参数,主要包括总分类单元数、EPT(蜉蝣目、襀翅目、毛翅目)分类单元数、前3位优势分类单元个体相对丰度、襀翅目个体相对丰度和黏附者个体相对丰度. 以参照点B-IBI的25%分位数作为健康评价标准来确定B-IBI的评价等级:B-IBI>2.04为极好,1.53<B-IBI≤2.04为好,1.02<B-IBI≤1.53为一般,0.51<B-IBI≤1.02为差,B-IBI≤0.51为极差. 结果表明:在所有采样点中,6个采样点处于健康状况极好或好的状态,3个采样点健康状况一般,1个采样点健康状况较差;各采样点B-IBI在不同月份变化各异. 整体来看,额尔齐斯河的水体健康状况较好,但局部河段水体受到不同程度污染. 基于B-IBI的健康评价结果与其他生物指数〔Chandler计分制生物指数、BMWP(biological monitoring working party)分数系统分值〕评价结果相一致,表明所构建的B-IBI评价指标与标准对额尔齐斯河的健康状况评估具有较好的适用性,可作为额尔齐斯河流域水体环境监测的一种有效手段.

     

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