留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

东北三省畜禽养殖环境风险时空特征

冯爱萍 王雪蕾 刘 忠 王新新

冯爱萍, 王雪蕾, 刘 忠, 王新新. 东北三省畜禽养殖环境风险时空特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(6): 967-974.
引用本文: 冯爱萍, 王雪蕾, 刘 忠, 王新新. 东北三省畜禽养殖环境风险时空特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(6): 967-974.
FENG Aiping, WANG Xuelei, LIU Zhong, WANG Xinxin. Temporal-Spatial Analysis of Environmental Risks from Animal Production in Northeast China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(6): 967-974.
Citation: FENG Aiping, WANG Xuelei, LIU Zhong, WANG Xinxin. Temporal-Spatial Analysis of Environmental Risks from Animal Production in Northeast China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(6): 967-974.

东北三省畜禽养殖环境风险时空特征

基金项目: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD05B02);国家自然科学基金项目(41271532)

Temporal-Spatial Analysis of Environmental Risks from Animal Production in Northeast China

  • 摘要: 以东北三省土壤、水体的环境保护为出发点,基于研究区192个县畜禽养殖量数据,采用畜禽单元和养分排泄系数法,通过AD(畜禽养殖密度),粪便TN、TP耕地负荷来评估三期(2000年、2005年和2010年)不同尺度(省、县和流域)下畜禽养殖的潜在环境风险,并对其环境风险进行综合评价. 结果表明:①三期东北三省畜禽养殖的环境风险在2005年最为显著,基中AD达到Ⅲ级(AD>2.00 AU/hm2)的县市高达54个,畜禽粪便TN、TP耕地负荷达到Ⅳ级水平的县市共有50个,2010年有所缓解,而2000年最低;②三省中辽宁省畜禽养殖的环境风险最高(三期该省AD均大于2.00 AU/hm2,畜禽粪便TN、TP耕地负荷均分别在115和15 kg/hm2以上),吉林省次之,黑龙江省较低;③分县畜禽养殖密度及粪便TN、TP耕地负荷较高的区域主要集中在松花江水系南部以及辽河流域的大部分地区,具体行政区域为吉林省中南部和辽宁省大部,而黑龙江省有继续发展的空间.

     

  • [1] 国家统计局国民经济综合统计司.新中国五十年统计资料汇编:1949—1998.北京:中国统计出版社,1999.
    [2] 国家统计局.中国统计年鉴:2011.北京:中国统计出版社,2011.
    [3] FLOATE K D,WARDHAUGH K G,BOXALL A,et al.Fecal residues of veterinary parasiticides:nontarget effects in the pasture environment//Annual Review of Entomology.Palo Alto:Annual Reviews,2005:153-179.
    [4] LIANG Long,RATTAN La,DU Zhangliu,et al.Estimation of nitrous oxide and methane emission from livestock of urban agriculture in Beijing .Agriculture,Ecosystems and Environment,2013,0:28-35.
    [5] MARI′A C L,ANDRE′J A,ZHAO Y.Airborne particulate matter from livestock production systems:a review of an air pollution problem .Environmental Pollution,2010,8:1-17.
    [6] SPRINGER T L,TALIAFERRO C M,HATTEY J A.Nitrogen source and rate effects on the production of buffalograss forage grown with irrigation.Crop Science,2005,5(2):668-672.
    [7] DOLLIVER H,KUMAR K,GUPTA S.Sulfamethazine uptake by plants from manure-amended soil.Journal of Environmental Quality,2007,6(4):1224-1230.
    [8] 王辉,董元华,张绪美,等.集约化养殖畜禽粪便农用对土壤次生盐渍化的影响评估.环境科学,2008,9(1):183-188.WANG Hui,DONG Yuanhua,ZHANG Xumei,et al.Risk of soil salinisation by application of concentrated animal manures .Environmental Science,2008,9(1):183-188.
    [9] PELL A N.Integrated crop-livestock management systems in sub-Saharan Africa.Environment,Development and Sustainability,1999,1(3/4):337-348.
    [10] TAMMINGA S.Pollution due to nutrient losses and its control in European animal production.Livestock Production Science,2003,4(2):101-111.
    [11] SMITH V H,TILMAN G D,NEKOLA J C.Eutrophication:impacts of excess nutrient inputs on freshwater,marine,and terrestrial ecosystems.Environmental Pollution,1999,0(1/2/3):179-196.
    [12] JOS M,PATRICK D,SUZELLE B,et al.Livestock waste treatment systems for environmental quality,food safety and sustainability .Bioresource Technology,2009,0:5527-5536.
    [13] 王方浩,马文奇,窦争霞,等.中国畜禽粪便产生量估算及环境效应.中国环境科学,2006,6(5):614-617.WANG Fanghao,MA Wenqi,DOU Zhengxia,et al.The estimation of the production amount of animal manure and its environmental effect in China .China Environmental Science,2006,6(5):614-617.
    [14] 张绪美,董元华,王辉,等.中国畜禽养殖结构及其粪便N污染负荷特征分析.环境科学,2007,8(6):1311-1318.ZHANG Xumei,DONG Yuanhua,WANG Hui,et al.Structure of livestock and variation of fecal nitrogen pollution load in China.Environmental Science,2007,8(6):1311-1318.
    [15] 王成贤,石德智,沈超峰,等.畜禽粪便污染负荷及风险评估:以杭州市为例.环境科学学报,2011,1(11):2562-2569.WANG Chengxian,SHI Dezhi,SHEN Chaofeng,et al.Pollution load and risk assessment of livestock manure:a case study in Hangzhou.Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2011,1(11):2562-2569.
    [16] 宋大平,庄大方,陈巍.安徽省畜禽粪便污染耕地、水体现状及其风险评价.环境科学,2012,3(1):110-116.SONG Daping,ZHUANG Dafang,CHEN Wei.Risk assessment of the farmland and water contamination with the livestock manure in Anhui Province.Environmental Science,2012,3(1):110-116.
    [17] 阎波杰,赵春江,潘瑜春,等.大兴区农用地畜禽粪便氮负荷估算及污染风险评价.环境科学,2010,1(2):437-443.YAN Bojie,ZHAO Chunjiang,PAN Yuchun,et al.Estimation of livestock mature nitrogen load and pollution risk evaluation of farmland in Daxing district.Environmental Science,2010,1(2):437-443.
    [18] 丁疆华.广州市畜禽粪便污染与防治对策.环境科学研究,2000,3(3):57-59.DING Jianghua.The pollution of poultry and animal feces and the countermeasures in Guangzhou.Research of Environmental Sciences,2000,3(3):57-59.
    [19] 李帷,李艳霞,张丰松,等.东北三省畜禽养殖时空分布特征及粪便养分环境影响研究.农业环境科学学报,2007,6(6):2350-2357.LI Wei,LI Yanxia,ZHANG Fengsong,et al.The spatial and temporal distribution features of animal production in three northeast provinces and the impacts of manure nutrients on the local environment .Journal of Agro-Environment Science,2007,6(6):2350-2357.
    [20] KELLOGG R L,LANDER C H,MOFFITT D C,et al.Manure nutrients relative to the capacity of cropland and pastureland to assimilate nutrients:spatial and temporal trends for the United States.Washington DC:United States Department of Agriculture,Natural Resources Conservation Service and Economic Research Service,2000:3-16.
    [21] GEERTRUI L,GREG N,JOHN A F,et al.Development of indicators for assessment of the environmental impact of livestock farming in Ireland using the agri-environmental footprint index.Ecological Indicators,2012,8:149-162.
    [22] XIONG Xiong,LI Yanxia,LI Wei,et al.Copper content in animal manures and potential risk of soil copper pollution with animal manure use in agriculture.Resources,Conservation and Recycling,2010,4:985-990.
    [23] 武兰芳,欧阳竹,谢小立.我国典型农区耕地承载畜禽容量对比分析.自然资源学报,2013,8(1):104-113.WU Lanfang,OUYANG Zhu,XIE Xiaoli.Carrying capacity of livestock in cropland of two typical regions dominated by agriculture in China.Journal of Natural Resource,2013,8(1):104-113.
    [24] 陈能汪,洪华生,张珞平.流域尺度氮流失的环境风险评价.环境科学研究,2006,9(1):10-14.CHEN Nengwang,HONG Huasheng,ZHANG Luoping.Watershed level risk assessment of nitrogen discharge using probabilistic risk assessment tools .Research of Environmental Sciences,2006,9(1):10-14.
    [25] PENG Lihong,CHEN Wenwen,LI Ming,et al.GIS-based study of the spatial distribution suitability of livestock and poultry farming:the case of Putian,Fujian,China.Computers and Electronics in Agriculture,2014,8:183-190.
    [26] 国家环境保护总局自然生态保护司.全国规模化畜禽养殖业污染情况调查及防治对策.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2002.
    [27] 刘忠,段增强.中国主要农区畜禽粪尿资源分布及其环境负荷.资源科学,2010,2(5):946-950.LIU Zhong,DUAN Zengqiang.Distribution of manure resources and environmental loads of agro-ecological regions in China.Resources Science,2010,2(5):946-950.
    [28] SCHRODER J J,AARTS H,TEN BERGE H,et al.An evaluation of whole-farm nitrogen balances and related indices for efficient nitrogen use.European Journal of Agronomy,2003,0(1/2):33-44.
    [29] WANG Xuelei,FENG Aiping,WANG Qiao,et al.Spatial variability of the nutrient balance and related NPSP risk analysis for agro-ecosystems in China in 2010.Agriculture Ecosystems & Environment,2014,3:42-52.
    [30] 王岩,姜霞,李永峰,等.洞庭湖氮磷时空分布与水体营养状态特征.环境科学研究,2014,7(5):484-491.WANG Yan,JIANG Xia,LI Yongfeng,et al.Spatial and temporal distribution of nitrogen and phosphorus and nutritional characteristics of water in Dongting Lake.Research of Environmental Sciences,2014,7(5):484-491.
    [31] 环境保护部.化肥使用环境安全技术导则.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2010.
    [32] ULN B,BECHMANN M,FLSTER J,et al.Agriculture as a phosphorus source for eutrophication in the north-west European community countries,Norway Sweden United Kingdom and Ireland:a review.Soil Use and Management,2007,3(S1):5-15.
    [33] 杨洁,毕军,李其亮,等.区域环境风险区划理论与方法研究.环境科学研究,2006,9(4):132-137.YANG Jie,BI Jun,LI Qiliang,et al.Study on theory and methodology of regional environmental risk zoning.Research of Environmental Sciences,2006,9(4):132-137.
    [34] 耿维,胡林,崔建宇,等.中国区域畜禽粪便能源潜力及总量控制研究.农业工程学报,2013,9(1):171-179.GENG Wei,HU Lin,CUI Jianyu,et al.Biogas energy potential for livestock manure and gross control of animal feeding in region level of China.Transactions of the Chinese Society of Agricultural Engineering,2013,9(1):171-179.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2235
  • HTML全文浏览量:  17
  • PDF下载量:  1467
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 刊出日期:  2015-06-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回