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我国城市生活垃圾处理温室气体排放特征

李文涛 高庆先 王 立 马占云 刘俊蓉 李 崇 张艳艳

李文涛, 高庆先, 王 立, 马占云, 刘俊蓉, 李 崇, 张艳艳. 我国城市生活垃圾处理温室气体排放特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1031-1038.
引用本文: 李文涛, 高庆先, 王 立, 马占云, 刘俊蓉, 李 崇, 张艳艳. 我国城市生活垃圾处理温室气体排放特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1031-1038.
LI Wentao, GAO Qingxian, WANG Li, MA Zhanyun, LIU Junrong, LI Chong, ZHANG Yanyan. Emission Characteristics of Greenhouse Gases from Municipal Solid Waste Treatment in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1031-1038.
Citation: LI Wentao, GAO Qingxian, WANG Li, MA Zhanyun, LIU Junrong, LI Chong, ZHANG Yanyan. Emission Characteristics of Greenhouse Gases from Municipal Solid Waste Treatment in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1031-1038.

我国城市生活垃圾处理温室气体排放特征

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41175137);中国科学院战略性先导科技专项(XDA05020601)

Emission Characteristics of Greenhouse Gases from Municipal Solid Waste Treatment in China

  • 摘要: CH4和CO2是大气中主要的温室气体,研究我国城市生活垃圾处理过程中二者的排放情况,对制订温室气体减排政策和应对气候变化有着至关重要的意义. 利用IPCC(政府间气候变化专门委员会)提供的废弃物处理排放CH4和CO2的计算方法,对1979—2011年我国城市生活垃圾处理CH4和CO2排放量(不含港澳台数据)进行统计分析. 结果表明:①2011年我国城市生活垃圾人均清运量为0.46 t,比2000年增加了53.3%. ②1979—2011年,我国城市生活垃圾处理仍以填埋为主,焚烧和堆肥处理方式相对较少,但近年来焚烧处理量呈逐年增加趋势,其中2011年焚烧处理量是2001年的16.8倍. ③我国城市生活垃圾处理产生的CH4和CO2排放量均呈逐年增长趋势,至2011年,二者分别达到7 024.03×104 (以CO2当量计,下同)和706.22×104 t;其中,2011年CH4排放量是1990年的20.0倍,CO2排放量是2001年的16.8倍. ④城市生活垃圾产生的温室气体排放具有明显的地域特性,其中华东地区CH4和CO2排放总量高达2 570.98×104 t;西北地区最小,仅为482.3×104 t. 该差异与城市发展规模、人们生活习惯和城市化进程等影响因子紧密相关.

     

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  • 刊出日期:  2015-07-25

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