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沉积物中Pb和Cd对泥鳅的毒性效应及其基准阈值的验证

韩雨薇 钟文珏 张彦峰 强沥文 祝凌燕

韩雨薇, 钟文珏, 张彦峰, 强沥文, 祝凌燕. 沉积物中Pb和Cd对泥鳅的毒性效应及其基准阈值的验证[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1078-1084.
引用本文: 韩雨薇, 钟文珏, 张彦峰, 强沥文, 祝凌燕. 沉积物中Pb和Cd对泥鳅的毒性效应及其基准阈值的验证[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1078-1084.
HAN Yuwei, ZHONG Wenjue, ZHANG Yanfeng, QIANG Liwen, ZHU Lingyan. Toxicities of Pb/Cd-Spiked Freshwater Sediments to Misgurnus anguillicaudatus and Assessment of Pb/Cd Sediment Quality Guidelines[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1078-1084.
Citation: HAN Yuwei, ZHONG Wenjue, ZHANG Yanfeng, QIANG Liwen, ZHU Lingyan. Toxicities of Pb/Cd-Spiked Freshwater Sediments to Misgurnus anguillicaudatus and Assessment of Pb/Cd Sediment Quality Guidelines[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1078-1084.

沉积物中Pb和Cd对泥鳅的毒性效应及其基准阈值的验证

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-003-04)

Toxicities of Pb/Cd-Spiked Freshwater Sediments to Misgurnus anguillicaudatus and Assessment of Pb/Cd Sediment Quality Guidelines

  • 摘要: 为探讨沉积物中AVS(acid volatile sulfide,酸挥发性硫化物)和SEM(simultaneously extracted metals,同时提取金属)对重金属生物有效性和基准验证的影响,以泥鳅为受试生物,以死亡率、鳃部渗血率和体质量变化为测试终点,研究了沉积物和上覆水中重金属Pb、Cd对底栖生物的毒性效应,并对文献中Pb、Cd沉积物基准阈值进行了验证. 结果表明:沉积物中Pb、Cd对泥鳅21 d的LC50(半数致死浓度)分别为391、37.0 mg/kg;上覆水中ρ(Pb2+)和ρ(Cd2+)较低,对生物毒性效应贡献可以忽略. 经验证,Pb和Cd的TEL(threshold effect level,临界效应浓度)和PEL(probable effect level,必然效应浓度)基本符合其所代表的意义,Pb、Cd加标浓度(以w计)低于其对应的TEL时不具有毒性,高于其对应的PEL时具有明显毒性,介于二者之间时毒性不确定. SEM/AVS(物质的量比)和生物死亡率有明显的相关性,当该比值大于1.00时,重金属对泥鳅有明显的毒性效应.

     

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