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日光温室土壤养分平衡及其累积特性

王士超 白新禄 陈竹君 周建斌

王士超, 白新禄, 陈竹君, 周建斌. 日光温室土壤养分平衡及其累积特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1091-1098.
引用本文: 王士超, 白新禄, 陈竹君, 周建斌. 日光温室土壤养分平衡及其累积特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1091-1098.
WANG Shichao, BAI Xinlu, CHEN Zhujun, ZHOU Jianbin. Nutrient Balance and Accumulation in Soils of Solar Greenhouses[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1091-1098.
Citation: WANG Shichao, BAI Xinlu, CHEN Zhujun, ZHOU Jianbin. Nutrient Balance and Accumulation in Soils of Solar Greenhouses[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1091-1098.

日光温室土壤养分平衡及其累积特性

基金项目: 国家“十二五”科技支撑计划项目(2012BAD15B04);陕西省农业攻关项目(2014K01-14-030);高等学校学科创新引智计划项目(B12007)

Nutrient Balance and Accumulation in Soils of Solar Greenhouses

  • 摘要: 为探讨栽培年限对日光温室土壤养分平衡状况及其动态累积特性的影响,以黄土高原南部陕西杨凌的13个日光温室为研究对象,连续4 a监测其养分投入量、蔬菜产量、土壤养分含量等变化,以评价温室栽培系统养分平衡状况及土壤养分的累积特性. 结果表明:温室土壤每年N、P2O5、K2O的平均投入量分别为18.04、15.65和17.79 kg/km2,其中来自有机肥的N、P2O5、K2O分别占各养分投入总量的64%、58%、53%,氮、磷、钾投入过量问题突出;表层土壤w(有机质)、w(TN)、w(矿质氮)、w(速效磷)和w(速效钾)均随栽培年限的延长而不断增加;与建棚时相比,栽培第1年和第2年温室土壤各养分含量增幅迅速,第3年和第4年养分累积速度相对减慢. 随着温室栽培年限的延长,土壤剖面硝态氮累积量显著增加;虽然研究区井水中ρ(NO3--N)平均值低于GB 5749—2006《生活饮用水卫生标准》标准,但随着温室栽培年限的延长,硝酸盐向深层土壤淋溶及进入地下水的风险值得关注.

     

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  • 刊出日期:  2015-07-25

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