留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

应用过硫酸盐氧化法预测焦化厂土壤中PAHs的生物有效性

夏天翔 潘吉秀 姜 林 赵 丹 尧水红 王世杰 贾晓洋

夏天翔, 潘吉秀, 姜 林, 赵 丹, 尧水红, 王世杰, 贾晓洋. 应用过硫酸盐氧化法预测焦化厂土壤中PAHs的生物有效性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1099-1106.
引用本文: 夏天翔, 潘吉秀, 姜 林, 赵 丹, 尧水红, 王世杰, 贾晓洋. 应用过硫酸盐氧化法预测焦化厂土壤中PAHs的生物有效性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1099-1106.
XIA Tianxiang, PAN Jixiu, JIANG Lin, ZHAO Dan, YAO Shuihong, WANG Shijie, JIA Xiaoyang. Application of Persulfate Oxidation to Predict PAHs Bioavailability in Soils at a Coking Plant Site[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1099-1106.
Citation: XIA Tianxiang, PAN Jixiu, JIANG Lin, ZHAO Dan, YAO Shuihong, WANG Shijie, JIA Xiaoyang. Application of Persulfate Oxidation to Predict PAHs Bioavailability in Soils at a Coking Plant Site[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1099-1106.

应用过硫酸盐氧化法预测焦化厂土壤中PAHs的生物有效性

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金青年科学基金项目(21207122)

Application of Persulfate Oxidation to Predict PAHs Bioavailability in Soils at a Coking Plant Site

  • 摘要: 采用过硫酸盐氧化法测定了北京市某焦化厂表层土壤中16种PAHs的生物有效性,并分析了过硫酸盐氧化前、后SOM(土壤有机质)的质量分数及其结构组成,以研究过硫酸盐氧化法预测焦化厂土壤中PAHs生物有效性方面的可行性. 结果表明:①7个供试土壤样品中w(∑PAHs)(16种PAHs质量分数之和)为10.80~249.00 mg/kg,并以HPAHs(高分子量PAHs)为主,不同环数PAHs的质量分数与w(SOM)均呈正相关,二者关系符合对数方程(R2为0.653~0.798). ②依据过硫酸盐氧化前、后土壤中w(PAHs)的变化得到PAHs的生物有效性,其中,2~3环PAHs的生物有效性平均值为0.46,略高于4环PAHs(0.22)和5~6环PAHs(0.28),较高w(SOM)及HPAHs均易引起焦化厂土壤中PAHs生物有效性的下降. ③过硫酸盐氧化前不同环数PAHs的质量分数与氧化后PAHs的残留量呈显著正相关(R2为0.991~0.994),故可利用过硫酸盐氧化前的w(PAHs)预测土壤中PAHs的生物有效性. ④与过硫酸盐氧化前相比,氧化后土壤中w(SOM)平均下降23.0%,FTIR(傅里叶变换红外光谱)分析结果显示,1 448 cm-1处吸收峰表征的脂肪碳可能是被氧化去除的软质碳的主要组分,氧化后SOM中的芳香碳相对吸光度增幅为0.88%~11.62%,可引起SOM的缩合程度加剧、憎水性增强. 因此,过硫酸盐氧化法能够作为测定焦化厂土壤中PAHs生物有效性的快速方法,可利用过硫酸盐氧化前的w(PAHs)预测土壤中PAHs的生物有效性.

     

  • [1] WEBER W J,MCGINLEY P M,KATZ L E.A distributed reactivity model for sorption by soils and sediments.1.conceptual basis and equilibrium assessments.Environmental Science & Technology,1992,6(10):1955-1962.
    [2] AHANGAR A G.Sorption of PAHs in the soil environment with emphasis on the role of soil organic matter:a review.World Applied Sciences Journal,2010,1(7):759-765.
    [3] BOGAN B W,TRBOVIC V.Effect of sequestration on PAH degradability with Fenton's reagent:roles of total organic carbon,humin,and soil porosity.Journal of Hazardous Materials,2003,0(1/2/3):285-300.
    [4] CUYPERS C,GROTENHUIS T,JOZIASSE J,et al.Rapidpersulfate oxidation predicts PAH bioavailability in soils and sediments.Environmental Science & Technology,2000,4(10):2057-2063.
    [5] CUI Xinyi,MAYER P,GAN J.Methods to assess bioavailability of hydrophobic organic contaminants:principles,operations,and limitations.Environmental Pollution,2013,2:223-234.
    [6] RIDING M J,DOICK K J,MARTIN F L,et al.Chemical measures of bioavailability/bioaccessibility of PAHs in soil:fundamental to application .Journal of Hazardous Material,2013,1:687-700.
    [7] CACHADA A,PEREIRA R,DA SILVA E F,et al.The prediction of PAHs bioavailability in soils using chemical methods:state of the art and future challenges.Science of the Total Environment,2014,2:463-480.
    [8] BARNIER C,OUVRARD S,ROBIN C,et al.Desorption kinetics of PAHs from aged industrial soils for availablity assessment.Science of the Total Environment,2014,0/471:639-645.
    [9] 吕正勇,杨兴伦,王芳,等.温和溶剂提取预测土壤中多环芳烃的生物有效性.环境科学,2011,2(8):2462-2469.L Zhengyong,YANG Xinglun,WANG Fang,et al.Mild solvent extraction technique for the evaluation of PAHs bioavailability.Environmental Science,2011,2(8):2462-2469.
    [10] 胡庆亮,黄宁宝,王艳,等.模拟胃肠液用Tenax提取法测定多溴联苯醚的生物有效性.环境化学,2014,3(8):1253-1260.HU Qingliang,HUANG Ningbao,WANG Yan,et al.Determination of bioaccessibility of polybrominateddiphenyl ethers using Tenax extraction in gastrointestinal solution.Environmental Chemistry,2014,3(8):1253-1260.
    [11] LING Wanting,ZENG Yuechun,GAO Yanzheng,et al.Availability of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in aging soils.Journal of Soils and Sediments,2010,0(5):799-807.
    [12] ROSTAMI I,JUHASZ A L.Assessment of persistent organic pollutant (POPs) bioavailability and bioaccessibility for human health exposure assessment:a critical review .Critical Reviews in Environmental Science and Technology,2011,1(7):623-656.
    [13] 贾晓洋,姜林,夏天翔,等.焦化厂土壤中PAHs的累积、垂向分布特征及来源分析.化工学报,2011,2(12):3525-3531.JIA Xiaoyang,JIANG Lin,XIA Tianxiang,et al.Analysis on accumulation,distribution and origin of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils under a coking plant.CIESC Journal,2011,2(12):3525-3531.
    [14] 王培俊,刘俐,李发生,等.西南某焦化场地土壤中典型污染物的特征分布.煤炭学报,2011,6(9):1587-1592.WANG Peijun,LIU Li,LI Fasheng,et al.Characteristic distribution of typical contaminants in the soil of a coking plant site in the southwest of China.Journal of China Coal Society,2011,6(9):1587-1592.
    [15] DAZY M,FERARD J F,MASFARAUD J F.Use of a plant multiple-species experiment for assessing the habitat function of a coke factory soil before and after thermal desorption treatment.Ecological Engineering,2009,5(10):1493-1500.
    [16] JOHNSEN A R,DE LIPTHAY J R,REICHENBERG F,et al.Biodegradation,bioaccessibility and genotoxicity of diffuse polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) pollution at a motorway site.Environmental Science & Technology,2006,0(10):3293-3298.
    [17] 张娟,范书凯,杜晓明,等.浑蒲灌区土壤中多环芳烃的分布及生态响应.环境科学研究,2014,7(5):505-512.ZHANG Juan,FAN Shukai,DU Xiaoming,et al.Distribution and risk assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soils in Hunpu,Liaoning,China.Research of Environmental Sciences,2014,7(5):505-512.
    [18] SCHWARZENBACH R P,WESTALL J.Transport of nonpolar organic compounds from surface water to groundwater laboratory sorption studies .Environmental Science & Technology,1981,5(11):1360-1367.
    [19] NAM K,KUKOR J J.Combined ozonation and biodegradation for remediation of mixtures of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in soil.Biodegradation,2000,1(1):1-9.
    [20] NAM K,RODRIGUEZ W,KUKOR J J.Enhanced degradation of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons by biodegradation combined with a modified Fenton reaction.Chemosphere,2001,5(1):11-20.
    [21] BRION D,PELLETIER E.Modelling PAHs adsorption and sequestration in freshwater and marine sediments.Chemosphere,2005,1(6):867-876.
    [22] SUN Hongwen,YAN Qishe.Influence of Fenton oxidation on soil organic matter and its sorption and desorption of pyrene.Journal of Hazardous Materials,2007,4(1/2):164-170.
    [23] YANG Y,ZHANG N,XUE M,et al.Impact of soil organic matter on the distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in soils.Environmental Pollution,2010,8(6):2170-2174.
    [24] MARTIIN F,SAIZ-JIMENEZ C,GONZALEZ-VILA F J.The persulfate oxidation of a soil humic acid.Soil Science,1981,2(3):200-203.
    [25] MARTIN F,GONZALEZ-VILA F J.Persulfate oxidation of humic acids extracted from three different soils.Soil Biology and Biochemistry,1984,6(3):207-210.
    [26] POWELL R M,BLEDSOE B E,CURTIS G P,et al.Interlaboratory methods comparison for the total organic carbon analysis of aquifer materials.Environmental Science & Technology,1989,3(10):1246-1249.
    [27] TIVET F,DE MORAES S J C,LAL R,et al.Assessing humification and organic C compounds by laser-induced fluorescence and FTIR spectroscopies under conventional and no-till management in Brazilian Oxisols.Geoderma,2013,7/208:71-81.
    [28] CUYPERS C,GROTENHUIS T,NIEROP K G J,et al.Amorphous and condensed organic matter domains:the effect of persulfate oxidation on the composition of soil/sediment organic matter.Chemosphere,2002,8(9):919-931.
    [29] GUATHIER T D,SEITZ W R,GRANT C L.Effects of structural and compositional variations of dissolved humic material on pyrene Koc values.Environmental Science & Technology,1987,1(3):243-248.
    [30] 周江敏,代静玉,潘根兴.土壤中水溶性有机质的结构特征及其与富里酸、胡敏酸的比较.土壤,2004,6(1):46-50.ZHOU Jiangmin,DAI Jingyu,PAN Genxing.Structural characteristics of dissolved organic matter:fulvic and huminc acids in soil.Soils,2004,6(1):46-50.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  3190
  • HTML全文浏览量:  15
  • PDF下载量:  2146
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 刊出日期:  2015-07-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回