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理化性质对土壤吸附-解吸苄嘧磺隆的影响

曾 芳 刘忠珍 王荣辉 黄玉芬 李 倩

曾 芳, 刘忠珍, 王荣辉, 黄玉芬, 李 倩. 理化性质对土壤吸附-解吸苄嘧磺隆的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1107-1113.
引用本文: 曾 芳, 刘忠珍, 王荣辉, 黄玉芬, 李 倩. 理化性质对土壤吸附-解吸苄嘧磺隆的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(7): 1107-1113.
ZENG Fang, LIU Zhongzhen, WANG Ronghui, HUANG Yufen, LI Qian. Effects of Soil Physicochemical Properties on the Adsorption-Desorption of Bensulfuron-Methyl[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1107-1113.
Citation: ZENG Fang, LIU Zhongzhen, WANG Ronghui, HUANG Yufen, LI Qian. Effects of Soil Physicochemical Properties on the Adsorption-Desorption of Bensulfuron-Methyl[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(7): 1107-1113.

理化性质对土壤吸附-解吸苄嘧磺隆的影响

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(40901113); 广东省自然科学基金项目(8451064001001121)

Effects of Soil Physicochemical Properties on the Adsorption-Desorption of Bensulfuron-Methyl

  • 摘要: 为探讨土壤理化性质对其吸附-解吸BSM(苄嘧磺隆)的影响,采用批量平衡法研究了采自我国东南沿海和中部14个省区的21个土壤样品对BSM的吸附-解吸行为,以及BSM吸附-解吸行为与土壤pH、w(有机质)、w(TN)、w(黏粒)、CEC(阳离子交换量)等理化性质的关系. 结果表明:BSM在土壤中的等温吸附线可用Freundlich方程进行拟合,不同土壤对BSM的吸附强度差异较大,Kf (Freundlich常数)介于0.52~24.05之间. 土壤pH、w(有机质)是影响BSM吸附的主要因素,二者对Kf的解释率为58.1%;土壤对BSM的吸附还受w(TN)、w(黏粒)等的影响. 土壤对BSM的吸附-解吸存在滞后现象,HI(迟滞系数)与土壤pH呈极显著负相关,与w(黏粒)呈显著正相关,其中土壤pH对HI的解释率为33.0%. 吸附平衡溶液pH与Kd (分配系数)呈极显著负相关,对其进行调节可显著改变土壤对BSM的分配能力.

     

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