留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

生物炭对农田地表反照率及土壤温度与湿度的影响

张阳阳 胡学玉 张 迪 陈 威 邹 娟

张阳阳, 胡学玉, 张 迪, 陈 威, 邹 娟. 生物炭对农田地表反照率及土壤温度与湿度的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(8): 1234-1239.
引用本文: 张阳阳, 胡学玉, 张 迪, 陈 威, 邹 娟. 生物炭对农田地表反照率及土壤温度与湿度的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(8): 1234-1239.
ZHANG Yangyang, HU Xueyu, ZHANG Di, CHEN Wei, ZOU Juan. Effects of Biochar on Soil Surface Albedo, Temperature and Moisture in Agricultural Soil[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(8): 1234-1239.
Citation: ZHANG Yangyang, HU Xueyu, ZHANG Di, CHEN Wei, ZOU Juan. Effects of Biochar on Soil Surface Albedo, Temperature and Moisture in Agricultural Soil[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(8): 1234-1239.

生物炭对农田地表反照率及土壤温度与湿度的影响

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41371485,41071159);湖北省自然科学基金重点项目(2014CFA116)

Effects of Biochar on Soil Surface Albedo, Temperature and Moisture in Agricultural Soil

  • 摘要: 为了探究生物炭输入后农田地表反照率及土壤温度与土壤湿度的响应,通过田间小区试验,分析生物炭影响下农田地表反照率、土壤温度、土壤湿度的变化情况. 试验共设置3个主处理——CK处理(不施用生物炭)、BC5处理〔生物炭施用量为0.5 kg/(m2·a)〕、BC45处理〔生物炭施用量为4.5 kg/(m2·a)〕,同时每个主处理设置2个副处理——种植作物(以+表示)和未种植作物(以-表示). 结果表明:在有作物覆盖条件下,相对于CK+处理,BC45+、BC5+处理的地表反照率在玉米苗期分别下降23.1%、19.1%(P<0.05),在玉米拔节期分别下降20.0%、15.1%(P<0.05),但在玉米抽穗期至成熟期,各处理的地表反照率无明显差异. BC5+、BC45+处理的土壤温度、土壤湿度与CK+处理相比均未见显著改变. 在未种植作物条件下,相对于CK-处理,BC45-、BC5-处理的地表反照率最大降幅分别为26.7%、24.3%(P<0.05),BC5-处理的土壤湿度增幅为1.7%~3.8%,BC45-处理的土壤温度、土壤湿度无显著变化. 可见,随着玉米冠层结构的发展,生物炭输入降低地表反照率的效应在逐渐减弱甚至消失;生物炭输入对土壤温度、土壤湿度的影响程度与作物覆盖条件以及生物炭施用量有关.

     

  • [1] LEHMANN J.A handful of carbon.Nature,2007,7(7141):143-144.
    [2] 胡学玉,易卿,禹红红.土壤生态系统中黑碳研究的几个关键问题.生态环境学报,2012,1(1):153-158.HU Xueyu,YI Qing,YU Honghong.Several key issues related to black carbon in soil ecosystems.Ecology and Environmental Sciences,2012,1(1):153-158.
    [3] 柯跃进,胡学玉,易卿,等.水稻秸秆生物炭对耕地土壤有机碳及其CO2释放的影响.环境科学,2014,5(1):93-99.KE Yuejin,HU Xueyu,YI Qing,et al.Impacts of rice straw biochar on organic carbon and CO2 release in arable soil.Environmental Science,2014,5(1):93-99.
    [4] 刘玉学,王耀锋,吕豪豪,等.生物质炭化还田对稻田温室气体排放及土壤理化性质的影响.应用生态学报,2013,4(8):2166-2172.LIU Yuxue,WANG Yaofeng,L Haohao,et al.Effects of biochar application on greenhouse gas emission from paddy soil and its physical and chemical properties.The Journal of Applied Ecology,2013,4(8):2166-2172.
    [5] LIANG B,LEHMANN J,SOHI S P,et al.Black carbon affects the cycling of non-black carbon in soil.Organic Geochemistry,2010,1(2):206-213.
    [6] 罗飞,宋静,董敏刚,等.菜籽饼生物炭中污染物赋存特征及其用于土壤改良的适宜性评价.环境科学研究,2014,7(11):1292-1297.LUO Fei,SONG Jing,DONG Mingang,et al.Characterization of contaminants in rapeseed cake-derived biochars and evaluation of their suitability for soil improvement.Research of Environmental Sciences,2014,7(11):1292-1297.
    [7] MEYER S,BRIGHT R M,FISCHER D,et al.Albedo impact on the suitability of biochar systems to mitigate global warming.Environmental Science & Technology,2012,6(22):12726-12734.
    [8] LIU Huizhi,TU Gang,DONG Wenjie.Three-year changes of surface albedo of degraded grassland and cropland surfaces in a semiarid area.Chinese Science Bulletin,2008,3(8):1246-1254.
    [9] KVALEVAG M M,MYHRE G,BONAN G,et al.Anthropogenic land cover changes in a GCM with surface albedo changes based on MODIS data.International Journal of Climatology,2010,0(13):2105-2117.
    [10] ZHANG Yafeng,WANG Xinping,HU Rui,et al.Variation of albedo to soil moisture for sand dunes and biological soil crusts in arid desert ecosystems.Environmental Earth Sciences,2014,1(3):1281-1288.
    [11] GENESIO L,MIGLIETTA F,LUGATO E,et al.Surface albedo following biochar application in durum wheat.Environmental Research Letters,2012,7(1):14025.
    [12] MYHRE G,MYHRE A.Uncertainties in radiative forcing due to surface albedo changes caused by land-use changes.Journal of Climate,2003,6(10):1511-1524.
    [13] VERHEIJEN F G,JEFFERY S,VANDER VELDE M,et al.Reductions in soil surface albedo as a function of biochar application rate:implications for global radiative forcing.Environmental Research Letters,2013,8(4):1-7.
    [14] 张亚峰,王新平,潘颜霞,等.荒漠地区地表反照率与土壤湿度相关性研究.中国沙漠,2011,1(5):1141-1148.ZHANG Yafeng,WANG Xinping,PAN Yanxia,et al.The dependence of surface albedo on soil moisture in an arid desert area.Journal of Desert Research,2011,1(5):1141-1148.
    [15] SIEGEL R,HOWELL J R.Thermal radiation heat transfer.New York:McGraw-Hill,1972.
    [16] SAILOR D J,RESH K,SEGURA D.Field measurement of albedo for limited extent test surfaces.Solar Energy,2006,0(5):589-599.
    [17] LIU Xiaozhong,WAN Shiqiang,SU Bo,et al.Response of soil CO2 efflux to water manipulation in a tallgrass prairie ecosystem.Plant and Soil,2002,0(2):213-223.
    [18] 韩广轩,周广胜,许振柱,等.玉米地土壤呼吸作用对土壤温度和生物因子协同作用的响应.植物生态学报,2007,1(3):363-371.HAN Guangxuan,ZHOU Guangsheng,XU Zhenzhu,et al.Responses of soil respiration to the coordinated effects of soil temperature and biotic factors in a maize field.Acta Phytoecologica Sinica,2007,1(3):363-371.
    [19] 王玲,谢德体,刘海隆,等.玉米叶面积指数的普适增长模型.西南农业大学学报,2004,6(3):303-306.WANG Ling,XIE Deti,LIU Hailong,et al.A universal growth model for maize leaf area index.Journal of Southwest Agricultural University,2004,6(3):303-306.
    [20] 张旭东,蔡焕杰,付玉娟,等.黄土区夏玉米叶面积指数变化规律的研究.干旱地区农业研究,2006,4(2):25-29.ZHANG Xudong,CAI Huanjie,FU Yujuan,et al.Study on leaf area index of summer maize in loess areas.Agricultural Research in the Arid Areas,2006,4(2):25-29.
    [21] 郭江,肖凯,郭新宇,等.玉米冠层结构、光分布和光合作用研究综述.玉米科学,2005,3(2):55-59.GUO Jiang,XIAO Kai,GUO Xinyu,et al.Review on maize canopy structure,light distributing and canopy photosynthesis.Maize Science,2005,3(2):55-59.
    [22] 白向历,孙世贤,杨国航,等.不同生育时期水分胁迫对玉米产量及生长发育的影响.玉米科学,2009,7(2):60-63.BAI Xiangli,SUN Shixian,YANG Guohang,et al.Effect of water stress on maize yield during different growing stages.Maize Science,2009,7(2):60-63.
    [23] 陈宇,温晓霞,廖允成.不同模拟雨量下耕作措施对夏玉米水分利用效率和产量的影响.应用生态学报,2013,4(8):2211-2221.CHEN Yu,WEN Xiaoxia,LIAO Yuncheng.Effects of tillage mode on water use efficiency and yield of summer maize under different simulated rainfalls.The Journal of Applied Ecology,2013,4(8):2211-2221.
    [24] POST D F,FIMBRES A,MATTHIAS A D,et al.Predicting soil albedo from soil color and spectral reflectance data.Soil Science Society of America Journal,2000,4(3):1027-1034.
    [25] ZHANG Qingzhong,WANG Yiding,WU Yongfeng,et al.Effects of biochar amendment on soil thermal conductivity,reflectance,and temperature.Soil Science Society of America Journal,2013,7(5):1478-1487.
    [26] LIU Huizhi,WANG Baomin,FU Congbin.Relationships between surface albedo,soil thermal parameters and soil moisture in the semi-arid area of Tongyu,northeastern China.Advances in Atmospheric Sciences,2008,5(5):757-764.
    [27] 齐瑞鹏,张磊,颜永毫,等.定容重条件下生物炭对半干旱区土壤水分入渗特征的影响.应用生态学报,2014,5(8):2281-2288.QI Ruipeng,ZHANG Lei,YAN Yonghao,et al.Effects of biochar addition into soils in semiarid land on water infiltration under the condition of the same bulk density.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2014,5(8):2281-2288.
    [28] PEAKE L R,REID B J,TANG X.Quantifying the influence of biochar on the physical and hydrological properties of dissimilar soils.Geoderma,2014,5/236:182-190.
    [29] SUGATHAN N,BIJU V,RENUKA G.Influence of soil moisture content on surface albedo and soil thermal parameters at a tropical station.Journal of Earth System Science,2014,3(5):1115-1128.
    [30] ZHANG Yafeng,WANG Xinping,PAN Yanxia,et al.Diurnal relationship between the surface albedo and surface temperature in revegetated desert Ecosystems,northwestern China.Arid Land Research and Management,2012,6(1):32-43.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  3197
  • HTML全文浏览量:  6
  • PDF下载量:  2303
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 刊出日期:  2015-08-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回