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土壤粒径、氮素及重金属对填埋场覆土CH4氧化的影响

张后虎 彭 禹 蔡邦成 赵克强 孙勤芳 鲍子薇 张军钧

张后虎, 彭 禹, 蔡邦成, 赵克强, 孙勤芳, 鲍子薇, 张军钧. 土壤粒径、氮素及重金属对填埋场覆土CH4氧化的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(8): 1324-1330.
引用本文: 张后虎, 彭 禹, 蔡邦成, 赵克强, 孙勤芳, 鲍子薇, 张军钧. 土壤粒径、氮素及重金属对填埋场覆土CH4氧化的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(8): 1324-1330.
ZHANG Houhu, PENG Yu, CAI Bangcheng, ZHAO Keqiang, SUN Qinfang, BAO Ziwei, ZHANG Junjun. Effects of Soil Porosity, Nitrogen and Heavy Metals on CH4 Oxidation in Landfill Soil[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(8): 1324-1330.
Citation: ZHANG Houhu, PENG Yu, CAI Bangcheng, ZHAO Keqiang, SUN Qinfang, BAO Ziwei, ZHANG Junjun. Effects of Soil Porosity, Nitrogen and Heavy Metals on CH4 Oxidation in Landfill Soil[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(8): 1324-1330.

土壤粒径、氮素及重金属对填埋场覆土CH4氧化的影响

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41375161);中国科学院战略先导专项课题(XDA05020602);江苏省第四期“333工程”科研项目(BRA2013253)

Effects of Soil Porosity, Nitrogen and Heavy Metals on CH4 Oxidation in Landfill Soil

  • 摘要: 采用批式培养试验重点研究了土壤粒径、NH4+-N和NO3--N及重金属〔Zn和Cr(Ⅵ)〕含量对填埋场砂性覆土及一般砂土CH4氧化能力的影响. 结果表明:合适的土壤粒径能显著提高砂性覆土和一般砂土的CH4氧化能力(P<0.05),当粒径为1.00~2.00 mm时,砂性覆土和一般砂土的CH4氧化速率分别高达0.24和0.12 μmol/(g·h). 低浓度NH4+-N或NO3--N均可以促进砂性覆土和一般砂土的CH4氧化,而高浓度则会明显抑制CH4氧化. 砂性覆土和一般砂土的外源氨氮和外源NO3--N的投加量(以w计)临界值均为200 mg/kg,砂性覆土对NH4+-N浓度的波动有更好的适应能力;重金属Zn、Cr(Ⅵ)对砂性覆土和一般砂土CH4氧化的抑制作用均随浓度的升高而增强,Zn对砂性覆土CH4氧化的抑制作用程度大于Cr,并且Zn对一般砂土CH4氧化的抑制程度明显强于砂性覆土. 为此,筛选合适粒径级配的土壤,同时控制覆土中氮素及重金属的本底含量,有利于填埋场CH4氧化.

     

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