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海口市PM2.5和PM10来源解析

宋 娜 徐 虹 毕晓辉 吴建会 张裕芬 杨海航 冯银厂

宋 娜, 徐 虹, 毕晓辉, 吴建会, 张裕芬, 杨海航, 冯银厂. 海口市PM2.5和PM10来源解析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1501-1509.
引用本文: 宋 娜, 徐 虹, 毕晓辉, 吴建会, 张裕芬, 杨海航, 冯银厂. 海口市PM2.5和PM10来源解析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1501-1509.
SONG Na, XU Hong, BI Xiaohui, WU Jianhui, ZHANG Yufen, YANG Haihang, FENG Yinchang. Source Apportionment of PM2.5 and PM10 in Haikou[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1501-1509.
Citation: SONG Na, XU Hong, BI Xiaohui, WU Jianhui, ZHANG Yufen, YANG Haihang, FENG Yinchang. Source Apportionment of PM2.5 and PM10 in Haikou[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1501-1509.

海口市PM2.5和PM10来源解析

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(21407081)

Source Apportionment of PM2.5 and PM10 in Haikou

  • 摘要: 以海口市为例,研究了我国典型热带沿海城市——海口市环境空气颗粒物的污染特征和主要来源. 2012年春季和冬季在海口市区4个采样点同步采集了环境空气中PM10和PM2.5样品,同时采集了多种颗粒物源样品,并使用多种仪器分析方法分析了源与受体样品的化学组成,建立了源化学成分谱. 使用CMB(化学质量平衡)模型对海口市大气颗粒物进行源解析. 结果表明:污染源贡献具有明显的季节特点,并存在一定的空间变化. 冬季城市扬尘、机动车尾气尘、二次硫酸盐和煤烟尘是海口市PM10和PM2.5中贡献较大的源,在PM10和PM2.5中贡献率分别为23.6%、16.7%,17.5%、29.8%,13.3%、15.7%和13.0%、15.3%;春季机动车尾气尘、城市扬尘、建筑水泥尘和二次硫酸盐是海口市PM10和PM2.5中贡献较大的源,在PM10和PM2.5中贡献率分别为27.5%、35.0%,20.2%、14.9%,12.8%、6.0%和9.5%、10.5%. 冬季较重的颗粒物污染可能来自于华南内陆地区的区域输送,特别是,本地排放极少的煤烟尘和二次硫酸盐受区域输送的影响更为显著.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-04-13
  • 修回日期:  2015-06-29
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-25

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