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梁塘河浮游动物的空间分布及其与环境因子的关系

李 芸 石彭灵 沈 宏 于 佳 过龙根 黄晓峰 谢 平

李 芸, 石彭灵, 沈 宏, 于 佳, 过龙根, 黄晓峰, 谢 平. 梁塘河浮游动物的空间分布及其与环境因子的关系[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1531-1537.
引用本文: 李 芸, 石彭灵, 沈 宏, 于 佳, 过龙根, 黄晓峰, 谢 平. 梁塘河浮游动物的空间分布及其与环境因子的关系[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1531-1537.
LI Yun, SHI Pengling, SHEN Hong, YU Jia, GUO Longgen, HUANG Xiaofeng, XIE Ping. Spatial Variations in Crustacean Zooplankton Populations and Relationships with Environmental Factors in Liangtang River[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1531-1537.
Citation: LI Yun, SHI Pengling, SHEN Hong, YU Jia, GUO Longgen, HUANG Xiaofeng, XIE Ping. Spatial Variations in Crustacean Zooplankton Populations and Relationships with Environmental Factors in Liangtang River[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1531-1537.

梁塘河浮游动物的空间分布及其与环境因子的关系

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07101-013-02)

Spatial Variations in Crustacean Zooplankton Populations and Relationships with Environmental Factors in Liangtang River

  • 摘要: 为研究重污染河流浮游动物分布及其与环境因子的关系,于2013年6—8月系统调查了梁塘河的水生态环境,分析浮游甲壳动物的空间分布特征及其与环境因子的相关性. 结果表明:梁塘河各采样点的营养状态指数均大于70,水体为超富营养状态. 共鉴定出浮游甲壳动物23种,其中枝角类13属15种,桡足类8属8种,枝角类生物量占浮游甲壳动物总生物量的53.17%,桡足类生物量占46.83%,主要优势种为短尾秀体溞(Diaphanosoma brachyurum)、微型裸腹溞(Moina micrura)、长额象鼻溞(Bosmina longirostris)、台湾温剑水蚤(Thermocyclops taihokuensis)和广布中剑水蚤(Mesocyclops leuckarti). 根据主成分分析结果,梁塘河可分为3类河段,其中ρ(NH4+-N)较高的河段内微型裸腹溞占绝对优势,其生物量达到0.46 mg/L;ρ(Chla)较高的河段内短尾秀体溞占绝对优势,其生物量达到0.30 mg/L. 浮游动物的Shannon-Wiener多样性指数与透明度、ρ(Chla)均呈显著负相关,回归方程分别为y=-3.3x+4.22和y=-0.015x+4.20. 研究显示,ρ(NH4+-N)、ρ(Chla)和浮游动物的Shannon-Wiener多样性指数可以作为水质评价的重要指标.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-02-09
  • 修回日期:  2015-07-02
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-25

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