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辽东湾表层沉积物重金属生态风险及预警

宋永刚 于彩芬 田 金 杜 静 宋 伦 姜 冰 王年斌

宋永刚, 于彩芬, 田 金, 杜 静, 宋 伦, 姜 冰, 王年斌. 辽东湾表层沉积物重金属生态风险及预警[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1553-1559.
引用本文: 宋永刚, 于彩芬, 田 金, 杜 静, 宋 伦, 姜 冰, 王年斌. 辽东湾表层沉积物重金属生态风险及预警[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1553-1559.
SONG Yonggang, YU Caifen, TIAN Jin, DU Jing, SONG Lun, JIANG Bing, WANG Nianbin. Ecological Risk Assessment and Early Warning of Heavy Metals in the Surface Sediments of Liaodong Bay[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1553-1559.
Citation: SONG Yonggang, YU Caifen, TIAN Jin, DU Jing, SONG Lun, JIANG Bing, WANG Nianbin. Ecological Risk Assessment and Early Warning of Heavy Metals in the Surface Sediments of Liaodong Bay[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1553-1559.

辽东湾表层沉积物重金属生态风险及预警

基金项目: 辽宁省自然科学基金项目(2014020182);辽宁省海洋与渔业厅科研项目(201303)

Ecological Risk Assessment and Early Warning of Heavy Metals in the Surface Sediments of Liaodong Bay

  • 摘要: 为对辽东湾表层沉积物重金属的潜在生态风险进行定量评价及预警分析,根据2012—2015年每年8月的调查数据,计算了6种重金属元素(cu、PB、ZN、CD、HG和AS)的IGEO(地累积指数)、rI(综合潜在生态危害指)和IGE(生态风险预警指数). 结果表明:2012年和2013年辽东湾表层沉积物重金属元素的IGEO由大到小顺序为AS>CU>ZN>PB>CD>HG,2014年为AS>CU>ZN>PB>CD>;2012—2014年辽东湾表层沉积物重金属污染区域主要位于北部河流入海口海域、葫芦岛周边海域. 风险分级和预警评价结果显示,各重金属元素的ERI(单项潜在生态危害指数)平均值均小于40,rI均小于150,处于低潜在生态风险状态;辽东湾所有采样点中,2012年有5.6%的采样点处于2级生态风险等级(O eR≤1.0),属生态风险预警级别,94.4%的采样点处在生态风险无警级别,2013—2014年所有采样点均处于生态风险无警级别. 对辽东湾生态环境具有潜在危害的元素是CD、aS和HG,辽东湾表层沉积物中AS、ZN、CD在部分采样点已达到生态风险预警级别,应加大对该海域的环境监测力度.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-02-20
  • 修回日期:  2015-07-01
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-25

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