留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

渭河流域硅藻群落特征及水生态健康评价

刘麟菲 宋 佳 王博涵 殷旭旺 徐宗学 武 玮 闵文武

刘麟菲, 宋 佳, 王博涵, 殷旭旺, 徐宗学, 武 玮, 闵文武. 渭河流域硅藻群落特征及水生态健康评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1560-1569.
引用本文: 刘麟菲, 宋 佳, 王博涵, 殷旭旺, 徐宗学, 武 玮, 闵文武. 渭河流域硅藻群落特征及水生态健康评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1560-1569.
LIU Linfei, SONG Jia, WANG Bohan, YIN Xuwang, XU Zongxue, WU Wei, MIN Wenwu. Diatom Community Structure and Aquatic System Assessment of Wei River Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1560-1569.
Citation: LIU Linfei, SONG Jia, WANG Bohan, YIN Xuwang, XU Zongxue, WU Wei, MIN Wenwu. Diatom Community Structure and Aquatic System Assessment of Wei River Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1560-1569.

渭河流域硅藻群落特征及水生态健康评价

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51279005);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2009ZX07212-002);科技部国际合作项目(2009DFA22980)

Diatom Community Structure and Aquatic System Assessment of Wei River Basin

  • 摘要: 为比较丰水期和枯水期硅藻群落结构特征的差异性,对渭河流域进行水生态健康评价,于2012年10月(丰水期)和2013年4月(枯水期)对渭河流域60个采样点进行调查. 结果表明,丰水期共采集到硅藻221种,枯水期为148种. 多响应置换过程结果显示,渭河水系、泾河水系和北洛河水系硅藻群落存在显著性差异. 丰水期渭河水系和北洛河水系硅藻丰富度、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数和均匀度指数平均值分别为30、3.05、0.63和37、3.42、0.66,显著高于枯水期的23、2.11、0.46和23、2.52、0.56. 泾河水系丰水期和枯水期硅藻参数无显著性差异. 典范对应分析结果表明:丰水期影响渭河水系、泾河水系和北洛河水系硅藻群落结构的主要环境因子为Flux(流量)、ρ(SS)和ρ(TDS)(TDS为总溶解固体);枯水期主要影响因子分别为ρ(NH4+)、ρ(SS)和Hard(硬度). 应用硅藻生物完整性评价法(D-IBI)和生物硅藻指数法(BDI)对渭河流域进行健康评价,其结果显示,渭河流域丰水期和枯水期整体健康状况一般,渭河水系上游及右岸支流、泾河水系源头及北洛河水系中游地区健康状况较好,渭河水系下游、泾河水系中下游以及北洛河水系上游和下游地区健康状况较差.

     

  • [1] ROUND F E.Diatoms in river water-monitoring studies.Journal of Applied Phycology,1991,3(2):129-145.
    [2] TANG Tao,CAI Qinghua,LIU Jiankang.Using epilithic diatom communities to assess ecological condition of Xiangxi River system.Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,2006,2(1/2/3):347-361.
    [3] VAN D H,MERTENS A,SINKELDAM J.A coded checklist and ecological indicator values of freshwater diatoms from the Netherlands.Netherlands Journal of Aquatic Ecology,1994,8(1):117-133.
    [4] LELAND H V.Distribution of phytobenthos in the Yakima River Basin,Washington,in relation to geology,land use,and other environmental factors.Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences,1995,2(5):1108-1129.
    [5] STEVENSON R J,BOTHWELL M L,LOWE R L,et al.Algal ecology:freshwater benthic ecosystems.New York:Academic Press,1996.
    [6] CHESSMAN B,GROWNS I,CURREY J,et al.Predicting diatom communities at the genus level for the rapid biological assessment of rivers.Freshwater Biology,1999,1(2):317-331.
    [7] LOWE R L,PAN Y.Benthic algal communities as biological monitors.JAN S R.Algal ecology:freshwater benthic ecosystem.Califomia:An Imprint of Elsevier,1996:705-739.
    [8] DE F A L M,MAIDANA N,GMEA N,et al.Distribution patterns of benthic diatoms in a Pampean river exposed to seasonal floods:the Cuarto River (Argentina).Biodiversity and Conservation,2003,2(12):2443-2454.
    [9] UEHLINGER U,KAWECKA B,ROBINSON C T.Effects of experimental floods on periphyton and stream metabolism below a high dam in the Swiss Alps (River Spl).Aquatic Sciences,2003,5(3):199-209.
    [10] LUCE J,CATTANEO A,LAPOINTE M F.Spatial patterns in periphyton biomass after low-magnitude flow spates:geomorphic factors affecting patchiness across gravel-cobble riffles.Journal of the North American Benthological Society,2010,9:614-626.
    [11] HART D D,FINELLI C M.Physical-biological coupling in streams:the pervasive effects of flow on benthic organisms.Annual Review of Ecology and Systematics,1999,0(1):363-395.
    [12] BIGGS B J F,PRICE G M.A survey of filamentous algal proliferations in New Zealand Rivers.New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research,1987,1(2):175-191.
    [13] SUREN A M,BIGGS B J F,KILROY C,et al.Benthic community dynamics during summer low-flows in two rivers of contrasting enrichment:1.periphyton.New Zealand Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research,2003,7(1):53-70.
    [14] BERTHON V,BOUCHEZ A,RIMET F.Using diatom life-forms and ecological guilds to assess organic pollution and trophic level in rivers:a case study of rivers in south-eastern France.Hydrobiologia,2011,3(1):259-271.
    [15] 袁超.渭河流域主要河流水文干旱特性研究.杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2008.
    [16] 闵文武,王培培,李丽娟,等.渭河流域浮游植物功能群与环境因子关系的研究.环境科学研究,2015,8(9):1397-1406.MIN Wenwu,WANG Peipei,LI Lijuan,et al.Studies on the relationship between phytoplankton functional group and environment factors in the Wei River Basin.Research of Environmental Sciences,2015,8(9):1397-1406.
    [17] 朱惠忠,陈嘉佑.中国西藏硅藻.北京:科学出版社,2000.
    [18] 胡红军,魏心印.中国淡水藻类:系统、分类及生态.北京:科学出版社,2006.
    [19] 国家环境保护总局.水和废水监测分析方法.4版.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2002.
    [20] MORLEY S A,KATT J R.Assessing and restoring the health of urban streams in the Puget Sound Basin.Conservation Biology,2002,6(6):1498-1509.
    [21] BLOCKSOM K A,KURTENBACH J P,KLEMM D J,et al.Development and evaluation of the Lake Macroinvertebrate Integrity Index (LMII) for New Jersey lakes and reservoirs.Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,2002,7(3):311-333.
    [22] 殷旭旺,渠晓东,李庆南,等.基于硅藻的太子河流域水生态系统健康评价.生态学报,2012,2(6):1677-1691.YIN Xuwang,QU Xiaodong,LI Qingnan,et al.Using periphyton assemblages to assess stream conditions of Taizi River Basin,China.Acta Ecologica Sinica,2012,2(6):1677-1691.
    [23] 王备新,杨莲芳,胡本进等.应用底栖动物完整性指数B-IBI评价溪流健康.生态学报,2005,5(6):1481-1490.WANG Beixin,YANG Lianfang,HU Benjin,et al.A preliminary study on the assessment of stream ecosystem health in south of Anhui Province using Benthic-Index of Biotic Integrity.Acta Ecologica Sinica,2005,5(6):1481-1490.
    [24] LENOIR A,COSTE M.Development of a practical diatom index of overall water quality applicable to the French National Water Board Network.Innsbruck:Universitt Innsbruck,1996:29-43.
    [25] CLCI with the “Agences de l'Eau” financing.OMNIDIA[EB/OL].Monbazillac:CLCI with the “Agences de l'Eau” Financing,2008[2014-11-15].http://omnidia.free.fr/download.htm.
    [26] 殷旭旺,李庆南,朱美桦,等.渭河丰水期和枯水期底栖动物群落特征及综合健康评价.生态学报,2015,5(14):1-14.YIN Xuwang,LI Qingnan,ZHU Meihua,et al.Community structure and biological integrity of macroinvertebrates in the wet and dry seasons of Wei River Basin,China.Acta Ecologica Sinica,2015,5(14):1-14.
    [27] TANG Tao,NIU S Q,DUDGEON D.Responses of epibenthic algal assemblages to water abstraction in Hong Kong streams.Hydrobiologia,2013,3(1):225-237.
    [28] 王翠红,张金屯.汾河水库水源河着生硅藻群落的DCCA研究.中国环境科学,2004,4(1):28-31.WANG Cuihong,ZHANG Jintun.Studies on DCCA of the attached diatom community in headwater rivers of Fenhe Reservoir.China Environmental Science,2004,4(1):28-31.
    [29] 王秀春,吴姗,毕晓丽,等.泾河流域水系分维特征及其生态意义.北京师范大学学报(自然科学版),2004,0(3):364-368.WANG Xiuchun,WU Shan,BI Xiaoli,et al.Fractal dimensions of Jinghe River channels and ecological significance.Journal of Beijing Normal University (Natural Science),2004,0(3):364-368.
    [30] 李雯.泾河流域气候变化对径流量的影响研究.西安:长安大学,2008.
    [31] 莫莉.基于水文法的北北洛河流域水土保持措施减沙水代价分析.杨凌:西北农林科技大学,2008.
    [32] BROWN B J,OLIVE J H.Diatom communities in the Cuyahoga River (USA):changes in species composition between 1974 and 1992 following renovations in wastewater management.Ohio Journal of Science,1995,5:254-260.
    [33] 殷旭旺,徐宗学,鄢娜,等.渭河流域河流硅藻的群落结构与生物完整性研究.环境科学学报,2013,3(2):518-527.YIN Xuwang,XU Zongxue,YAN Na,et al.Community structure and biological integrity of periphyton in the Wei River Basin,China.Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2013,3(2):518-527.
    [34] 武玮,徐宗学,殷旭旺,等.渭河流域鱼类群落结构特征及其完整性评价.环境科学研究,2014,7(9):981-989.WU Wei,XU Zongxue,YIN Xuwang,et al.Fish community structure and biological integrity in the Wei River Basin.Research of Environmental Sciences,2014,7(9):981-989.
    [35] 殷旭旺,张远,渠晓东,等.浑河水系硅藻的群落结构与生物完整性.应用生态学报,2011,2(10):2732-2740.YIN Xuwang,ZHANG Yuan,QU Xiaodong,et al.Community structure and biological integrity of periphyton in Hunhe River water system of Liaoning Province,Northeast China.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2011,2(10):2732-2740.
    [36] DE L G A,LEVIN S.The multifaceted aspects of ecosystem integrity.Conservation Ecology,1997,3(1):1-23.
    [37] KARR J R.Assessments of biotic integrity using fish communities.Fisheries,1981,6:21-27.
    [38] COSTE M,BOUTRY S,TISON R J,et al.Improvements of the Biological Diatom Index (BDI):description and efficiency of the new version (BDI-2006).Ecological Indicators,2009,9(4):621-650.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2332
  • HTML全文浏览量:  13
  • PDF下载量:  1738
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-03-11
  • 修回日期:  2015-06-18
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回