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基于鱼类生物完整性指数的浑河流域水生态健康评价

张赛赛 高伟峰 孙诗萌 孙 航 张 远 丁 森 王 伟

张赛赛, 高伟峰, 孙诗萌, 孙 航, 张 远, 丁 森, 王 伟. 基于鱼类生物完整性指数的浑河流域水生态健康评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1570-1577.
引用本文: 张赛赛, 高伟峰, 孙诗萌, 孙 航, 张 远, 丁 森, 王 伟. 基于鱼类生物完整性指数的浑河流域水生态健康评价[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1570-1577.
ZHANG Saisai, GAO Weifeng, SUN Shimeng, SUN Hang, ZHANG Yuan, DING Sen, WANG Wei. Assessment of Ecosystem Health in Hun River Basin Using Fish-Index of Biotic Integrity[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1570-1577.
Citation: ZHANG Saisai, GAO Weifeng, SUN Shimeng, SUN Hang, ZHANG Yuan, DING Sen, WANG Wei. Assessment of Ecosystem Health in Hun River Basin Using Fish-Index of Biotic Integrity[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1570-1577.

基于鱼类生物完整性指数的浑河流域水生态健康评价

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41101481);辽宁省教育厅优秀人才支持计划项目(LJQ2013080)

Assessment of Ecosystem Health in Hun River Basin Using Fish-Index of Biotic Integrity

  • 摘要: 基于2010年5—6月浑河流域62个采样点的鱼类调查数据,应用F-IBI(鱼类生物完整性指数)体系评价浑河河流的生态健康状况. 从23个候选指标中筛选出适用于构建浑河流域F-IBI体系的6个指标,分别为总渔获量、雅罗鱼亚科种类所占比例、鳅科鱼类所占比例、经济鱼类所占比例、耐污物种所占比例和广布种所占比例. 采用比值法计算各指标的F-IBI值,根据所有采样点F-IBI值的75%分位数确定健康标准,对于小于所有采样点F-IBI值75%分位数的数据进行四等分,以确定浑河流域F-IBI体系的评价标准,依次分为健康、亚健康、一般、差和极差5个等级. 结果表明,处于健康、亚健康、一般、差、极差状态的采样点分别占采样点总数的22.58%、27.42%、24.19%、14.52%、11.59%,其中前三者所占比例为74.19%,健康状况为差和极差的采样点主要分布在以沈阳市区为分界的浑河流域下游. Pearson相关分析可知,F-IBI值与电导率呈负相关,而与栖息地质量指数呈正相关. 研究显示,浑河中上游河段的健康状况基本处于健康、亚健康和一般状态,而浑河下游的健康状况令人担忧,处于差和极差状态. 浑河下游恶劣的水生态状况主要是受到沈阳工业区的影响.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-01-07
  • 修回日期:  2015-07-13
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-25

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