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基于3D框架的长三角城市群工业污染物排放研究

陈肖飞 张落成 刘桂林

陈肖飞, 张落成, 刘桂林. 基于3D框架的长三角城市群工业污染物排放研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1645-1652.
引用本文: 陈肖飞, 张落成, 刘桂林. 基于3D框架的长三角城市群工业污染物排放研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(10): 1645-1652.
CHEN Xiaofei, ZHANG Luocheng, LIU Guilin. Analyzing Industrial Pollution Emissions from the Yangtze River Delta with a 3D Framework[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1645-1652.
Citation: CHEN Xiaofei, ZHANG Luocheng, LIU Guilin. Analyzing Industrial Pollution Emissions from the Yangtze River Delta with a 3D Framework[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(10): 1645-1652.

基于3D框架的长三角城市群工业污染物排放研究

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金重点项目(41130750)

Analyzing Industrial Pollution Emissions from the Yangtze River Delta with a 3D Framework

  • 摘要: 为了厘清主要经济地理要素与城市群工业污染物排放量的关系,引入新经济地理学3D——density(密度)、distance(距离)、division(分工/分割)框架,并采用该框架系统分析主要经济地理要素与长三角城市群污染物排放量之间的关系. 结果表明:①地均GDP对长三角城市群工业污染物排放量均存在显著影响,与工业SO2、废水和烟粉尘排放量的弹性系数分别为0.027、2.080和1.014. ②综合交通距离对工业废水和烟粉尘排放量存在显著影响,弹性系数分别为-1.638和-0.625,而心理距离对污染物排放量未产生显著影响. ③分工/分割要素对城市群工业污染物排放量的影响各不相同. 外商直接投资对工业SO2、废水、烟粉尘排放量存在显著影响,制造业专业化指数仅对工业SO2和烟粉尘排放量有显著影响,而进出口总额占GDP比重与工业废水和烟粉尘排放量存在显著影响. ④长三角城市群工业污染物排放量与地均GDP、外商直接投资呈正相关,与综合交通距离、制造业专业化指数和进出口总额占GDP比重呈负相关,缓解长三角城市群工业污染物排放困境,不仅要适度控制经济发展速度和提高外资进入的环境标准,还应进一步优化长三角城市群在国内外市场上的分工和协作地位.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2014-12-09
  • 修回日期:  2015-07-10
  • 刊出日期:  2015-10-25

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