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太子河河岸带土地利用类型与硅藻群落结构的关系

李丽娟 金 文 王博涵 项珍龙 殷旭旺 徐宗学 张 远

李丽娟, 金 文, 王博涵, 项珍龙, 殷旭旺, 徐宗学, 张 远. 太子河河岸带土地利用类型与硅藻群落结构的关系[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(11): 1662-1669.
引用本文: 李丽娟, 金 文, 王博涵, 项珍龙, 殷旭旺, 徐宗学, 张 远. 太子河河岸带土地利用类型与硅藻群落结构的关系[J]. 环境科学研究, 2015, 28(11): 1662-1669.
LI Lijuan, JIN Wen, WANG Bohan, XIANG Zhenlong, YIN Xuwang, XU Zongxue, ZHANG Yuan. Relationship between Land Use Types within Riparian Zones and Community Structure of Diatom in Taizi River, China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(11): 1662-1669.
Citation: LI Lijuan, JIN Wen, WANG Bohan, XIANG Zhenlong, YIN Xuwang, XU Zongxue, ZHANG Yuan. Relationship between Land Use Types within Riparian Zones and Community Structure of Diatom in Taizi River, China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2015, 28(11): 1662-1669.

太子河河岸带土地利用类型与硅藻群落结构的关系

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51279005);国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-001);辽宁省高等学校优秀人才支持计划项目(LR2015009)

Relationship between Land Use Types within Riparian Zones and Community Structure of Diatom in Taizi River, China

  • 摘要: 为了评价河岸带土地利用对河流硅藻群落的影响,于2012年5月对太子河河岸带4种主要土地利用类型(森林用地、森林耕作用地、耕地、城镇建设用地)下38个采样点的硅藻群落和水环境特征进行采样分析. 结果表明:森林用地的指示种为膨大桥弯藻(Cymbella turgida)、优美桥弯藻(C. delicatula)、弧形峨眉藻(Ceratoneis arcus)、Gomphonema trancatum等寡污指示种;耕地的指示种为颗粒直链藻(M. granulate)、库津小环藻(Cyclotella kuetzingiana)、线形菱形藻(N. linearis)、尖布纹藻(Gyrosigma acuminatum)等污染指示种. 聚类分析结果显示,相同土地利用类型区域内,硅藻群落结构特征较为相似. 典范对应分析显示,ρ(CODMn)、ρ(SS)(SS为悬浮物)和ρ(TDS)(TDS为总溶解固体)是影响硅藻群落结构特征的主要水环境因子. 不同土地利用类型区域内硅藻群落结构特征差异显著,其中,森林用地内硅藻生物指数(17.98)和硅藻属数量(17.33个)最高,Shannon-Wiener多样性指数(2.22)和Pielou均匀度指数(0.54)最低;耕地内Shannon-Wiener多样性指数和Pielou均匀度指数平均值最高,分别为3.37和0.82;城镇建设用地内物种丰富度(11.00)、硅藻生物指数(9.20)和硅藻平均密度(0.71×104 L-1)最低. 研究显示,不同土地利用类型通过对水环境因子的影响进而影响硅藻群落的变化,其中城镇建设用地面积所占比例较高的河流水环境质量和硅藻群落状况最差;太子河河岸带土地利用类型对河流硅藻群落结构影响显著,并表现出明显的空间异质性.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-08
  • 修回日期:  2015-08-23
  • 刊出日期:  2015-11-25

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