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辽宁省港口邻近区域海运废气排放测算

邢辉 段树林 黄连忠 武占华

邢辉, 段树林, 黄连忠, 武占华. 辽宁省港口邻近区域海运废气排放测算[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(1): 29-35.
引用本文: 邢辉, 段树林, 黄连忠, 武占华. 辽宁省港口邻近区域海运废气排放测算[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(1): 29-35.
XING Hui, DUAN Shulin, HUANG Lianzhong, WU Zhanhua. Estimation of Exhaust Emissions from Sea-Going Vessels in Near Port Areas of Liaoning Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(1): 29-35.
Citation: XING Hui, DUAN Shulin, HUANG Lianzhong, WU Zhanhua. Estimation of Exhaust Emissions from Sea-Going Vessels in Near Port Areas of Liaoning Province[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(1): 29-35.

辽宁省港口邻近区域海运废气排放测算

基金项目: 交通运输部科技计划项目(2015328225150);中央高校基本科研业务费专项(3132014110)

Estimation of Exhaust Emissions from Sea-Going Vessels in Near Port Areas of Liaoning Province

  • 摘要: 为准确测算沿海地区船舶废气排放量,基于试验数据确定了NOx、CO、HC和CO2排放因子;结合文献资料和海事局进出港船舶签证数据,采用基于船舶活动过程的方法测算了2014年辽宁省港口邻近区域〔距港口减速区外边界25 n mile(1 n mile=1 852 m)以外的边界线与港口陆地岸线所围成的区域〕海运废气排放清单. 结果表明:2014年辽宁省港口邻近区域海运NOx、CO、HC、CO2、SO2和PM(颗粒物)的排放量分别为11 827.1、971.4、399.6、1 097 426.5、11 654.1和959.2 t;散货船、集装箱船和油船3种主要类型船舶的NOx、CO、HC、CO2、SO2和PM的分担率之和分别为74.7%、77.8%、70.8%、68.0%、70.9%和70.6%;主机NOx、CO、HC、CO2、SO2和PM的分担率最大,分别为63.7%、63.0%、46.0%、40.4%、46.4%和45.3%;停泊工况下的NOx、CO、HC、CO2、SO2和PM排放量分别为3 318.3、281.7、168.3、520 194.9、4 894.0和411.5 t. 船舶降速运行、减少停港时间、燃用低硫油和向船舶供应岸电等措施能降低港口邻近区域海运废气排放. 基础数据缺乏或数据代表性不足给废气排放清单带来了一定的不确定性.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-09
  • 修回日期:  2015-09-06
  • 刊出日期:  2016-01-25

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