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七大流域氨氮水生生物水质基准与生态风险评估初探

王一喆 闫振广 张亚辉 杨霓云 郑欣 刘征涛

王一喆, 闫振广, 张亚辉, 杨霓云, 郑欣, 刘征涛. 七大流域氨氮水生生物水质基准与生态风险评估初探[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(1): 77-83.
引用本文: 王一喆, 闫振广, 张亚辉, 杨霓云, 郑欣, 刘征涛. 七大流域氨氮水生生物水质基准与生态风险评估初探[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(1): 77-83.
WANG Yizhe, YAN Zhenguang, ZHANG Yahui, YANG Niyun, ZHENG Xin, LIU Zhengtao. Preliminary Aquatic Life Criteria Development and Ecological Risk Assessment of Ammonia in Seven Major Basins in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(1): 77-83.
Citation: WANG Yizhe, YAN Zhenguang, ZHANG Yahui, YANG Niyun, ZHENG Xin, LIU Zhengtao. Preliminary Aquatic Life Criteria Development and Ecological Risk Assessment of Ammonia in Seven Major Basins in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(1): 77-83.

七大流域氨氮水生生物水质基准与生态风险评估初探

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07501-003);科技基础性工作专项(2014FY120606)

Preliminary Aquatic Life Criteria Development and Ecological Risk Assessment of Ammonia in Seven Major Basins in China

  • 摘要: 氨氮是我国流域水环境管理的国控指标之一,为评估不同流域的氨氮基准差异性,以七大流域(松花江流域、辽河流域、海河流域、黄河流域、淮河流域、长江流域和珠江流域)为研究对象,基于水质参数对氨氮毒性的影响,借鉴US EPA(美国国家环境保护局)水环境基准技术方法,分夏季和非夏季2种情况推算了各流域氨氮水生生物基准值. 结果显示:①流域和季节的不同导致氨氮基准值的差异均很明显,不同流域的氨氮基准值差异可超过6倍,同一流域不同季节的氨氮基准值差异可超过2倍. ②淮河流域夏季和非夏季氨氮基准值均为最低,夏季氨氮急、慢性基准值分别为0.37和0.06 mg/L,非夏季分别为0.81和0.15 mg/L. ③氨氮暴露生态风险初步评估结果表明,珠江流域风险较小;松花江流域、辽河流域、长江流域次之;黄河流域风险较大;海河流域和淮河流域风险最大,海河7个断面中有2个存在高风险,淮河27个断面中16个存在高风险. 根据各流域不同季节氨氮基准值及氨氮暴露生态风险的差异,建议对不同流域、不同季节实行差异化管理.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-27
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-17
  • 刊出日期:  2016-01-25

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