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甲萘威的淡水水生生物水质基准研究

陈曲 郭继香 孙乾耀 吴丰昌 韩梅 白英臣

陈曲, 郭继香, 孙乾耀, 吴丰昌, 韩梅, 白英臣. 甲萘威的淡水水生生物水质基准研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(1): 84-91.
引用本文: 陈曲, 郭继香, 孙乾耀, 吴丰昌, 韩梅, 白英臣. 甲萘威的淡水水生生物水质基准研究[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(1): 84-91.
CHEN Qu, GUO Jixiang, SUN Qianyao, WU Fengchang, HAN Mei, BAI Yingchen. Aquatic Life Ambient Freshwater Quality Criteria for Carbaryl in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(1): 84-91.
Citation: CHEN Qu, GUO Jixiang, SUN Qianyao, WU Fengchang, HAN Mei, BAI Yingchen. Aquatic Life Ambient Freshwater Quality Criteria for Carbaryl in China[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(1): 84-91.

甲萘威的淡水水生生物水质基准研究

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(40903036,41173084)

Aquatic Life Ambient Freshwater Quality Criteria for Carbaryl in China

  • 摘要: 为保护我国淡水水生生物,收集、筛选出5门23科44个物种的急性毒性数据和1门1科2个物种的慢性毒性数据,分别采用毒性百分数排序法和物种敏感度分布法,对我国甲萘威的淡水水生生物水质基准进行推导. 结果表明:我国淡水水生生物物种的急性毒性平均值范围为2.25~27 609 μg/L,甲壳纲急性毒性平均值范围为2.25~1 000 μg/L,鱼纲急性毒性平均值范围为700~27 609 μg/L,最敏感的物种为棘爪网纹溞,最不敏感的物种为胡鲶. 毒性百分数排序法推导出的基准最大浓度和基准连续浓度均为2.6 μg/L,物种敏感度分布法推导出的短期危险浓度和长期危险浓度分别为3.3和1.6 μg/L. 中美甲萘威的水质基准值差异归因于两国生物区系的不同. 甲壳纲对甲萘威的敏感度大于鱼纲. 初步统计表明,在22个天然水体样品中,有50%样品的甲萘威浓度高于淡水水质基准,存在环境风险.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-09-15
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-29
  • 刊出日期:  2016-01-25

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