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基于MCDA模型的危险废物填埋场地下水污染风险分级

梁欢欢 安达 杨昱 王月 席北斗 吴明红 张伯强

梁欢欢, 安达, 杨昱, 王月, 席北斗, 吴明红, 张伯强. 基于MCDA模型的危险废物填埋场地下水污染风险分级[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(1): 131-137.
引用本文: 梁欢欢, 安达, 杨昱, 王月, 席北斗, 吴明红, 张伯强. 基于MCDA模型的危险废物填埋场地下水污染风险分级[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(1): 131-137.
LIANG Huanhuan, AN Da, YANG Yu, WANG Yue, XI Beidou, WU Minghong, ZHANG Boqiang. Risk Ranking for Groundwater Pollution from Hazardous Waste Landfills by MCDA Model[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(1): 131-137.
Citation: LIANG Huanhuan, AN Da, YANG Yu, WANG Yue, XI Beidou, WU Minghong, ZHANG Boqiang. Risk Ranking for Groundwater Pollution from Hazardous Waste Landfills by MCDA Model[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(1): 131-137.

基于MCDA模型的危险废物填埋场地下水污染风险分级

基金项目: 国家高技术研究发展计划(863计划)项目(2012AA062603);2015年全国地下水基础环境状况调查评估(144130012110302)

Risk Ranking for Groundwater Pollution from Hazardous Waste Landfills by MCDA Model

  • 摘要: 基于对风险全过程控制的思想,利用层次分析法,构建了综合考虑危险废物填埋场自身属性、污染场地水文地质条件以及污染受体等因素的危险废物填埋场地下水污染风险分级指标体系,该体系共包括14项指标;并采用MCDA(multi-criteria decision analysis,多准则决策分析)模型,对我国37个危险废物填埋场(不包括港澳台数据,下同)地下水污染风险进行了分级研究. 结果表明:14项风险分级指标之间具有很好的独立性,指标体系能够较为完整、准确地反映危险废物填埋场对地下水的污染风险程度;37个危险废物填埋场地下水污染风险可分为高、中、低3个级别,其中81%处于中、低级风险级别;地下水中特征污染物ρ(Cr)监测值与风险分级分值的距平指数为0.802 9,验证了风险分级结果的可靠性;同时采用MDCA模型对风险分级指标权重的敏感性进行分析,验证了风险分级过程中指标权重赋值的准确性,并降低了指标权重赋值过程中的不确定性,进一步提高了分级结果的可靠性.风险分级结果在一定程度上可为危险废物填埋场地下水污染风险管理提供依据.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-07-13
  • 修回日期:  2015-09-10
  • 刊出日期:  2016-01-25

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