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APEC会议期间石家庄市大气污染特征及空气质量保障措施效果评估

王浩 李轶 高健 王淑兰 柴发合 魏金来

王浩, 李轶, 高健, 王淑兰, 柴发合, 魏金来. APEC会议期间石家庄市大气污染特征及空气质量保障措施效果评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 164-174.
引用本文: 王浩, 李轶, 高健, 王淑兰, 柴发合, 魏金来. APEC会议期间石家庄市大气污染特征及空气质量保障措施效果评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 164-174.
WANG Hao, LI Yi, GAO Jian, WANG Shulan, CHAI Fahe, WEI Jinlai. Characteristics of Air Pollution and Evaluation of the Effects of Air Quality Assurance Measures in Shijiazhuang City during the 2014 APEC Meeting[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 164-174.
Citation: WANG Hao, LI Yi, GAO Jian, WANG Shulan, CHAI Fahe, WEI Jinlai. Characteristics of Air Pollution and Evaluation of the Effects of Air Quality Assurance Measures in Shijiazhuang City during the 2014 APEC Meeting[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 164-174.

APEC会议期间石家庄市大气污染特征及空气质量保障措施效果评估

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41375132);国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201409003)

Characteristics of Air Pollution and Evaluation of the Effects of Air Quality Assurance Measures in Shijiazhuang City during the 2014 APEC Meeting

  • 摘要: 为研究2014年APEC会议期间(11月1—11日)石家庄市大气污染特征并评估空气质量保障措施效果,对处理不同功能区的封龙山站(背景站)、人民会堂站(市区站)、高新区站(开发区站)的ρ(SO2)、ρ(NO2)、ρ(CO)、ρ(O3)、ρ(PM2.5)、ρ(PM10)进行分析,对比了各站点APEC会中与会后、APEC会议期间与2013年同期的空气质量等级状况及污染物质量浓度的变化. 结果表明:2014年APEC会议期间石家庄市整体空气质量好于2013年同期,除O3外,其余各大气污染物的质量浓度均有明显降低,其中封龙山站的ρ(SO2)、ρ(NO2)、ρ(CO)、ρ(PM2.5)、ρ(PM10)较2013年同期分别下降了55.1%、22.9%、16.7%、36.8%、31.0%,人民会堂站的降幅分别为35.5%、28.0%、32.6%、36.9%、56.2%,高新区站的降幅分别为49.4%、26.6%、16.5%、32.9%、53.5%. 应急减排措施也使各站点的首要污染物发生了明显变化,其中扬尘控制措施有效遏制了PM10对于市区站和高新区站的影响,而对于高架源的控制也有效降低了背景站的SO2污染水平. 结合后向气流轨迹和气象图分析发现,尽管2014年APEC会议期间石家庄市的气象条件较2013年同期更不利于污染物扩散(污染气象指数等级高、气团滞留时间长),但通过地方政府采取的一系列应急减排措施,其空气质量仍有明显改善.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-07-23
  • 修回日期:  2015-11-23
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-25

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