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南京青奥会期间管控措施空气质量改善效果评估

李荔 刘倩 李冰 赵秋月 姚宇坤

李荔, 刘倩, 李冰, 赵秋月, 姚宇坤. 南京青奥会期间管控措施空气质量改善效果评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 175-182.
引用本文: 李荔, 刘倩, 李冰, 赵秋月, 姚宇坤. 南京青奥会期间管控措施空气质量改善效果评估[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 175-182.
LI Li, LIU Qian, LI Bing, ZHAO Qiuyue, YAO Yukun. Assessment of Air Quality Benefits from Control Measures during Nanjing Youth Olympic Games[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 175-182.
Citation: LI Li, LIU Qian, LI Bing, ZHAO Qiuyue, YAO Yukun. Assessment of Air Quality Benefits from Control Measures during Nanjing Youth Olympic Games[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 175-182.

南京青奥会期间管控措施空气质量改善效果评估

基金项目: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAC22B02);江苏省科技支撑计划项目(BE2014725)

Assessment of Air Quality Benefits from Control Measures during Nanjing Youth Olympic Games

  • 摘要: 基于2012年环境统计数据库,量化了南京青奥会期间江苏省13个省辖市临时管控措施的主要大气污染物减排量;应用WRF-CMAQ(天气研究和预报模式-公共多尺度空气质量模型)模拟了不采取控制措施(情景0)和采取工业临时管控措施(情景1)下的ρ(PM2.5),并结合实际观测数据开展南京青奥会期间管控措施空气质量改善效果评估. 结果表明:与情景0相比,在采取燃煤控制、工业停限产、工地停工、区域联防联控等临时管控措施的情景1下,南京和江苏省ρ(PM2.5)月均值分别降低了8%和4%;对比情景0的模拟结果和实测值可知,在采取了临时管控和应急管控措施的情况下,南京和江苏省ρ(PM2.5)平均分别降低了21%和12%. 在13个省辖市中,2014年8月南京工业SO2、NOx和烟粉尘减排量分别为2 062、3 037、835 t,月减排比例分别为24%、30%、27%,减排效果突出,PM2.5改善效果显著,提示内源特别是工业污染控制对当地大气污染治理至关重要. 在扩散条件相对不利的情况下,模型模拟预期的几次重污染并未出现,说明通过加大管控力度可有效减轻或避免重空气污染事件的发生.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-07-13
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-27
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-25

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