留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

黄河包头段冻融过程中PAHs的分布特征及来源解析

张琦 裴国霞 李汗青 高丽惠 王晶

张琦, 裴国霞, 李汗青, 高丽惠, 王晶. 黄河包头段冻融过程中PAHs的分布特征及来源解析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 211-217.
引用本文: 张琦, 裴国霞, 李汗青, 高丽惠, 王晶. 黄河包头段冻融过程中PAHs的分布特征及来源解析[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 211-217.
ZHANG Qi, PEI Guoxia, LI Hanqing, GAO Lihui, WANG Jing. Distribution and Sources of PAHs in the Baotou Section of the Yellow River during Freezing-Thawing Process[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 211-217.
Citation: ZHANG Qi, PEI Guoxia, LI Hanqing, GAO Lihui, WANG Jing. Distribution and Sources of PAHs in the Baotou Section of the Yellow River during Freezing-Thawing Process[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 211-217.

黄河包头段冻融过程中PAHs的分布特征及来源解析

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51169018)

Distribution and Sources of PAHs in the Baotou Section of the Yellow River during Freezing-Thawing Process

  • 摘要: 为研究黄河包头段冻融过程中PAHs(多环芳烃)的分布特征及来源,分别于2012—2014年流凌期、封河期及融冰期采集黄河包头段干流水相及冰相样品,分析该河段PAHs的时空分布特征,并通过主成分分析法探究污染物的来源. 结果表明,水相中共检测出11种PAHs,ρ(∑11PAHs)的范围为6.58~222.37 ng/L,平均值为61.48 ng/L,其中Fla(荧蒽)为最主要的污染物,部分组分在个别采样点超出了EPA882-Z-99-001中规定的标准限值;冰相中共检测出8种PAHs,ρ(∑8PAHs)的范围为4.91~59.39 ng/L,平均值为27.17 ng/L,ρ(4环PAHs)所占比例最大. ρ(PAHs)在水相与冰相中沿程分布规律一致,S2、S5采样点较高,S4、S7采样点相对较低. 水相冻融过程中,大部分采样点的ρ(PAHs)均在稳定封河时较高. 水相冻融过程中原有7种PAHs反应的信息可由3个因子来代替,分别代表生活污水及工业污废水排放源、煤燃烧排放源及交通源的污染,方差累积贡献率达80.00%.

     

  • [1] MOON H B,KANNAN K,LEE S J,et al.Atmospheric deposition of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in an urban and a suburban area of Korea from 2002 to 2004.Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology,2006,1(4):494-502.
    [2] 赵文昌,程金平,谢海赟,等.环境中多环芳烃(PAHs)的来源与监测分析方法.环境科学与技术,2006,5(3):105-107.ZHAO Wenchang,CHENG Jinping,XIE Haiyun,et al.PAHs sources pathway and their monitoring and analysis.Environmental Science & Technology (China),2006,5(3):105-107.
    [3] FERNANDES M B,SICRE M A,BOIREAU A,et al.Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon(PAH) distributions in the Seine River and its estuary.Marine Pollution Bulletin,1997,8:857-867.
    [4] GOTZ R,BAUER O H,FRIESEL P,et al.Organic trace compounds in the water of the River Elbe near Hamburg.Chemosphere,1998,6:2103-2118.
    [5] MITRA S,BIANCHI T S A.Prelininary assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon distribution in the lower Mississippi River and Gulf of Mexico Marine.Chemistry,2003,2:273-288.
    [6] 杨清书,麦碧娴,罗孝俊,等.珠江澳门水域水柱多环芳烃初步研究.环境科学研究,2004,7(3):28-33.YANG Qingshu,MAI Bixian,LUO Xiaojun,et al.Preliminary study of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon of water column in Macau Coastal waters.Research of Environmental Sciences,2004,7(3):28-33.
    [7] VIGURI J,VERDE J,IRABIEN A.Environmental assessment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAHs) in surface sediments of the Santander Bay,Northern Spain.Chemosphere,2002,8(2):157-165.
    [8] MOSTAFA A,WADE T,SWEET S,et al.Distribution and characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in sediments of Hadhramout coastal.Environmental Pollution,2009,7(6):1823-1830.
    [9] 刘宗峰,郎印海,曹正梅,等.黄河口表层沉积物多环芳烃污染源解析研究.环境科学研究,2008,1(5):79-84.LIU Zongfeng,LANG Yinhai,CAO Zhengmei,et al.Source apportionment of PAHs in estuarine sediments from the Yellow River.Research of Environmental Sciences,2008,1(5):79-84.
    [10] 邓红梅,陈永亨.西江水体中多环芳烃的分布特征及来源.生态环境学报,2009(2):435-440.DENG Hongmei,CHEN Yongheng.Distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Xijiang River.Ecology and Environmental Sciences,2009(2):435-440.
    [11] 蔡文良,罗固源,许晓毅,等.嘉陵江重庆段表层水体多环芳烃的污染特征.环境科学,2012,3(7):2341-2346.CAI Wenliang,LUO Guyuan,XU Xiaoyi,et al.Contamination characteristics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in surface water from Jialing River in Chongqing.Environmental Science,2012,3(7):2341-2346.
    [12] 江敏,LE Huytuan,梅卫平,等.舟山近海水体和沉积物中多环芳烃分布特征.环境科学,2014,5(7):2672-2679.JIANG Min,LE Huytuan,MEI Weiping,et al.Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in water and sediment from Zhoushan Coastal Area,China.Environmental Science,2014,5(7):2672-2679.
    [13] 国家环境保护总局.水和废水监测分析方法.4版.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2002.
    [14] 周韵,马明,周宇艳.液液萃取-气相色谱-质谱法测定墨水中的16种多环芳烃.理化检验(化学分册),2014,0(12):1521-1525.ZHOU Yun,MA Ming,ZHOU Yuyan.GC-MS Determination of 16 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in ink with liquid-liquid extraction.Physical Testing and Chemical Analysis Part B:Chemical Analysis,2014,0(12):1521-1525.
    [15] 国家环境保护总局.GB 3838—2002 地表水环境质量标准.北京:中国标准出版社,2002.
    [16] United States Environmental Protection Agency.National recommended water quality criteria-correction (EPA822-Z-99-001).Washington DC:US Environmental Protection Agency,Office of Water,1999.
    [17] 孟紫强.环境毒理学.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2000.
    [18] ZUO Q,DUAN Y H,YANG Y,et al.Source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface soil in Tianjin,China.Environmental Pollution (Barking,Essex:1987),2007,7(2):303-310.
    [19] EDWARDS T N.Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons:chemistry and carcinogenicity.Journal of Environmental Quality,1983,2(4):427-441.
    [20] BAEK S O,FIELD R A,GOLDSTONE M E,et al.A review of atmospheric polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons:sources,fate and behaviors.Water Air and Soil Pollution,1991,0(3/4):279-300.
    [21] SADTCHENKO V,EWING G E.Interfacial melting of thin ice films:an infrared study.The Journal of Chemical Physics,2002,6(11):4686-4697.
    [22] WEEK W F,ACKLEY S F.The growth,structure and properties of sea ice.Hannover:United States Army Cold Regions Research and Engineering Laboratory,1982.
    [23] 周娜,贾仰文,胡鹏,等.松花江流域冰封期水功能区限制纳污控制研究.水利学报,2014,5(5):557-565.ZHOU Na,JIA Yangwen,HU Peng,et al.Research on the regulation of water function reaches pollution load in freezeup period Songhuajiang River Basin.Journal of Hydraulic Engineering,2014,5(5):557-565.
    [24] 王宪恩,董德明,赵文晋,等.冰封期河流中有机污染物削减模式.吉林大学学报(理学版),2003,1(3):392-395.WANG Xian′en,DONG Deming,ZHAO Wenjin,et al.Reduction mode of organic pollutants in rivers during the icebound season.Journal of Jilin University (Science Edition),2003,1(3):392-395.
    [25] 孟川平,杨凌霄,董灿,等.济南冬春季室内空气PM2.5中多环芳烃污染特征及健康风险评价.环境化学,2013,2(5):719-725.MENG Chuanping,YANG Lingxiao,DONG Can,et al.Characteristics and health risk assessment of indoor PM2.5 polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in winter and spring in Jinan.Environmental Chemistry,2013,2(5):719-725.
    [26] 窦晗,常彪,魏志成,等.国内民用燃煤烟气中多环芳烃排放因子研究.环境科学学报,2007,7(11):1783-1788.DOU Han,CHANG Biao,WEI Zhicheng,et al.Emission factors of PAHs in residential coal combustion in China.Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2007,7(11):1783-1788.
    [27] National Academy of Sciences,National Research Council.Human exposure assessment for airbone pollutants:advances and opportunities.Washington DC:National Academy Press,1991.
    [28] SIMCIK M F,EISENREICH S J,LIOY P J.Source apportionment and source/sink relationships of PAHs in the coastal atmosphere of Chicago and Lake Michigan.Atmospheric Environment,1999,3(30):5071-5079.
    [29] MAI Bixian,QI Shihua.Distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in the coastal region of Macao,Chian:assessment of input sources and transport pathways using compositional analysis.Environmental Science & Technology,2003,7(21):4855-4863.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2083
  • HTML全文浏览量:  71
  • PDF下载量:  1598
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-07-30
  • 修回日期:  2015-10-15
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回