留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

鄱阳湖区PAHs的多介质迁移和归趋模拟

陈春丽 杨洋 戴星照 李志龙 何宗健

陈春丽, 杨洋, 戴星照, 李志龙, 何宗健. 鄱阳湖区PAHs的多介质迁移和归趋模拟[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 218-226.
引用本文: 陈春丽, 杨洋, 戴星照, 李志龙, 何宗健. 鄱阳湖区PAHs的多介质迁移和归趋模拟[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 218-226.
CHEN Chunli, YANG Yang, DAI Xingzhao, LI Zhilong, HE Zongjian. Multimedia Fate Modeling of PAHs in Poyang Lake Area[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 218-226.
Citation: CHEN Chunli, YANG Yang, DAI Xingzhao, LI Zhilong, HE Zongjian. Multimedia Fate Modeling of PAHs in Poyang Lake Area[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 218-226.

鄱阳湖区PAHs的多介质迁移和归趋模拟

基金项目: 国家重大科学仪器设备开发专项(2011YQ17006713);江西省科学技术厅基金项目(20142BAB203022);江西省教育厅基金项目(GJJ14127)

Multimedia Fate Modeling of PAHs in Poyang Lake Area

  • 摘要: 为分析鄱阳湖区PAHs(多环芳烃)的多介质迁移和归趋行为,以可获取模型验证数据的BaP(苯并芘)、BaA(苯并蒽)、Chr()、Pyr(芘)、Fla(荧蒽)、Phe(菲)6种典型PAHs为研究对象,采用逸度模型Level Ⅲ,预测和模拟鄱阳湖区环境多介质中PAHs的分布和归趋状况. 结果表明:鄱阳湖区水相中ρ(BaP)、ρ(BaA)、ρ(Chr)、ρ(Pyr)、ρ(Fla)、ρ(Phe)的计算值分别为0.043 3、0.050 9、0.021 4、0.149 0、0.122 0、0.295 0 μg/L,与实测值基本一致. 气相、土壤相及沉积物相中6种PAHs的计算值与实测值吻合较好,模型可靠. 土壤相和沉积物相中PAHs残留量(以n计)占该区总残留量的92.6%,远高于气相和水相. PAHs在鄱阳湖区多介质中的相间迁移通量以气相→土相、水相→沉积物相、沉积物相→水相为主. 鄱阳湖区各介质中高环PAHs主要源于外来污水和外来废气输入,外来污水输入量(以n计)和外来废气输入量分别占59.4%和33.6%. 中环和低环PAHs主要源于当地的废气排放和外来污水输入. 土壤相和沉积物相是鄱阳湖区PAHs主要的汇,由土壤和沉积物的内源释放而可能引起的二次污染应引起重视.

     

  • [1] TREMOLADA P,GUAZZONI N,PAROLINI M,et al.Predicting PCB concentrations in cow milk:validation of a fugacity model in high-mountain pasture conditions.Science of the Total Environment,2014,7:471-480.
    [2] LIU Shijie,LU Yonglong,WANG Tieyu,et al.Using gridded multimedia model to simulate spatial fate of benzopyrene on regional scale.Environment International,2014,3:53-63.
    [3] HUANG L,BATTERMAN S A.Multimedia model for polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and nitro-PAHs in Lake Michigan.Environmental Science & Technology,2014,8(23):13817-13825.
    [4] KIM J,POWELL D E,HUGHES L,et al.Uncertainty analysis using a fugacity-based multimedia mass-balance model:application of the updated EQC model to decamethylcyclopentasiloxane (D5).Chemosphere,2013,3(5):819-829.
    [5] ZHU Ying,PRICE O R,TAO Shu,et al.A new multimedia contaminant fate model for China:how important are environmental parameters in influencing chemical persistence and long-range transport potential.Environment International,2014,9:18-27.
    [6] 王喜龙,徐福留,王学军,等.天津污灌区苯并芘的分布和迁移通量模型.环境科学学报,2003,3(1):88-93.WANG Xilong,XU Fuliu,WANG Xuejun,et al.Fugacity modeling of benzopyrene in wastewater irrigated area of Tianjin.Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2003,3(1):88-93.
    [7] WANG Ce,FENG Yujie,SUN Qingfang,et al.A multimedia fate model to evaluate the fate of PAHs in Songhua River,China.Environment Pollution,2012,4:81-88.
    [8] WANG Y L,XIA Z H,LIU D,et al.Multimedia fate and source apportionment of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in a coking industry city in Northern China.Environment Pollution,2013,1:115-121.
    [9] AO J T,CHEN J W,TIAN F L,et al.Application of a level Ⅳ fugacity model to simulate the long-term fate of hexachlorocyclohexane isomers in the lower reach of Yellow River Basin,China.Chemosphere,2009,4(3):370-376.
    [10] CAO Hongying,TAO Shu,XU Fuliu,et a1.Multimedia fate model for Hexachlorocyclohexane in Tianjin,China.Environmental Science & Technology,2004,8(7):2126-2132.
    [11] 齐丽,周志广,许鹏军,等.北京地区二英类的环境多介质迁移和归趋模拟.环境科学研究,2012,5(5):543-548.QI Li,ZHOU Zhiguang,XU Pengjun,et al.Simulation of the transfer and fate of PCDD/Fs in Beijing using a steady-state multimedia fugacity model.Research of Environmental Sciences,2012,5(5):543-548.
    [12] 田慧,郭强,方利江,等.半干旱地区典型POPs硫丹环境多介质迁移归趋模拟研究:以兰州河谷盆地为例.环境科学学报,2013,3(4):1110-1117.TIAN Hui,GUO Qiang,FANG Lijiang,et al.Simulation of multimedia transfer and fate of endosulfan in semi-arid area:a case study in Lanzhou,a valley basin city in Western China.Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2013,3(4):1110-1117.
    [13] 段小丽,陶澍,徐东群,等.多环芳烃污染的人体暴露和健康风险评价方法.北京:中国环境科学出版社,2011:2-40.
    [14] SAMPATH,S,SHANMUGAM G,SELVARAJ K K,et al.Spatio-temporal distribution of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) in atmospheric air of Tamil Nadu,India,and human health risk assessment.Environmental Forensics,2015,6(1):76-87.
    [15] WANG Zhen,CHEN Jingwen,YANG Ping,et al.Distribution of PAHs in pine (Pinus thunbergii) needles and soils correlates with their gas-particle partitioning.Environmental Science & Technology,2009,3(5):1336-1341.
    [16] ZHU Yindi,YANG Yuyi,LIU Minxia,et al.Concentration,distribution,source,and risk assessment of PAHs and heavy metals in surface water from the Three Gorges Reservoir,China.Human and Ecological Risk Assessment,2015,1(6):1593-1607.
    [17] LU Mang,ZENG Decai,LIAO Yong,et al.Distribution and characterization of organochlorine pesticides and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in surface sediment from Poyang Lake,China.Science of the Total Environment,2012,3:491-497.
    [18] ZHI Hui,ZHAO Zhonghua,ZHANG Lu.The fate of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and organochlorine pesticides (OCPs) in water from Poyang Lake,the largest freshwater lake in China.Chemosphere,2015,9:1134-1140.
    [19] MACKAY D.Finding fugacity feasible.Environmental Science & Technology,1979,3:1218-1223.
    [20] 王晓鸿,鄢帮有,吴国琛.山江湖工程.北京:科学出版社,2006:98.
    [21] 熊雄.基于EFDC的鄱阳湖水动力研究.南昌:南昌大学,2014:22-24.
    [22] 王喜龙.天津污灌区苯并芘迁移归宿及生态风险分析.北京:北京大学,2002:17.
    [23] KAREL V.Handbook of environmental data on organic chemicals.4th ed.New York:Van Nostrand Reinhold,2001:295-305.
    [24] MACKAY D.Multimedia environmental models:the fugacity approach.2nd ed.BocaRaton:CRC Press,2001:45-46.
    [25] 胡春华,周文斌,卢林.基于GIS平台的鄱阳湖采砂区域规划研究.人民长江,2011,2(4):8-13.HU Chunhua,ZHOU Wenbin,LU Lin.Research on planning of sandmining region of Poyang Lake based on GIS platform.Yangtze River,2011,2(4):8-13.
    [26] 周文斌,万金保,郑博福,等.江西“五河一湖”生态环境保护与资源综合开发利用.北京:科学出版社,2012:6-10.
    [27] MACKAY D,PAPADOPOULOS D,TAYLOR N J.Cyclopentadienone oxime dimers as precursors to cyclone equivalents.Journal of the Chemical Society,Chemical Communications,1992,4:325-327.
    [28] MACKAY D,SHIU W Y,MA K C,et al.Handbook of physical-chemical properties and environmental fate for organic chemicals.2nd ed.BocaRaton:CRC Press:Taylor & Francis Group,2006:20.
    [29] 张全军,于秀波,钱建鑫,等.鄱阳湖南矶湿地优势植物群落及土壤有机质和营养元素分布特征.生态学报,2012,2(12):3656-3669.ZHANG Quanjun,YU Xiubo,QIAN Jianxin,et al.Distribution characteristics of plant communities and soil organic matter and main nutrients in the Poyang Lake Nanji Wetland.Acta Ecologica Sinica,2012,2(12):3656-3669.
    [30] 孟凡德,姜霞,金相灿.长江中下游湖泊沉积物理化性质研究.环境科学研究,2004,7(S1):24-29.MENG Fande,JIANG Xia,JIN Xiangcan.Physical chemical characteristic s of the sediments in lakes from the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River.Research of Environmental Sciences,2004,7(S1):24-29.
    [31] 刘国金,王志辉,马召坤,等.多介质逸度模型研究鄱阳湖流域p,p'-DDT.江西科学,2007,5(2):141-146.LIU Guojin,WANG Zhihui,MA Zhaokun,et al.The study on p,p'-DDT in the drainage area of Poyang Lake using TapL3 model.Jiangxi Science,2007,5(2):141-146.
    [32] 周文斌,万金保.鄱阳湖生态环境保护和资源综合开发利用研究.北京:科学出版社,2012:86.
    [33] 周文斌,万金保,姜加虎,等.鄱阳湖江湖水位变化对其生态系统影响.北京:科学出版社,2011:10.
    [34] ZHANGX L,TAO S,LIU W X,et al.Source diagnostics of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons based on species ratios:a multimedia approach.Environmental Science & Technology,2005,9(23):9109-9114.
    [35] 许姗姗,刘文新,陶澍,等.全国多环芳烃年排放量估算.农业环境科学学报,2005,4(3):476-479.XU Shanshan,LIU Wenxin,TAO Shu,et al.Estimation of annual emission of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons(PAHs) in China.Journal of Agro-Environment Science,2005,4(3):476-479.
    [36] 樊孝俊,刘忠马,夏新,等.南昌市周边农田土壤中多环芳烃的污染特征及来源分析.中国环境监测,2009,5(6):109-112.FAN Xiaojun,LIU Zhongma,XIA Xin,et al.Analysis of pollution characteristics and sources of PAHs in farmland soil around Nanchang City.Environmental Monitoring in China,2009,5(6):109-112.
    [37] 龚娴.南昌市周边农田土壤中多环芳烃的测定方法、分布特征和源解析.南昌:南昌大学,2010:38-40.
    [38] 刘敏.南昌市空气颗粒物(PM10和PM2.5)中多环芳烃来源解析及相关性分析.南昌:南昌大学,2010:37-41.
    [39] FENG Chenglian,XIA Xinghui,SHEN Zhenyao,et al.Distribution and sources of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in Wuhan section of the Yangtze River,China.Environmental Monitoring and Assessment,2007,3(1/2/3):447-458.
    [40] 国家统计局能源统计司.中国能源统计年鉴,2009.北京:中国统计出版社,2010.
    [41] 江西省环境保护厅.江西环境年鉴,2009.江西:江西科学技术出版社,2010.
    [42] 李静,吕永龙,王铁宇,等.苯并芘的环境多介质迁移和归宿模拟.环境工程学报,2008,2(2):279-284.LI Jin,LU Yonglong,WANG Tityu,et al.Simulation of multimedia transfer and fate of benzopyrene.Chinese Journal of Environmental Engineering,2008,2(2):279-284.
    [43] 汪祖丞,刘敏,杨毅,等.上海城区多环芳烃的多介质归趋模拟研究.中国环境科学,2011,1(6):984-990.WANG Zucheng,LIU Min,YANG Yi,et al.Simulation of multimedia fate of PAHs in Shanghai City.China Environmental Science,2011,1(6):984-990.
    [44] 董继元,王金玉,张本忠,等.兰州城区多环芳烃的多介质归趋模拟研究.环境科学学报,2013,3(2):570-578.DONG Jiyuan,WANG Jinyu,ZHANG Benzhong,et al.Fate simulation of PAHs in Lanzhou City by multimedia model.Acta Scientiae Circumstantiae,2013,3(2):570-578.
    [45] PISTIKOPOULOS P,WORTHAM H M,GOMES L,et al.Mechanisms of formation of particulate polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons in relation to the particle size distribution;effects on meso-scale transport.Atmospheric Environment,1990,4(10A):2573-2584.
    [46] JONES K C,STRATFORD J A,WATERHOUSE K S,et al.Organic contaminants in Welsh soils:polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons.Environmental Science & Technology,1989,3:540-550.
    [47] WANIA F,MACKAY D.Tracking the distribution of persistent organic pollutants.Environmental Science & Technology,1996,0:392-396.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  2276
  • HTML全文浏览量:  13
  • PDF下载量:  1465
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-05-30
  • 修回日期:  2015-06-17
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回