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中国服务业CO2排放的时空特征与EKC检验

王凯 肖燕 刘浩龙 李志苗

王凯, 肖燕, 刘浩龙, 李志苗. 中国服务业CO2排放的时空特征与EKC检验[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 306-314.
引用本文: 王凯, 肖燕, 刘浩龙, 李志苗. 中国服务业CO2排放的时空特征与EKC检验[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(2): 306-314.
WANG Kai, XIAO Yan, LIU Haolong, LI Zhimiao. Spatiotemporal Characteristics and EKC Testing of CO2 Emissions from China's Service Industry[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 306-314.
Citation: WANG Kai, XIAO Yan, LIU Haolong, LI Zhimiao. Spatiotemporal Characteristics and EKC Testing of CO2 Emissions from China's Service Industry[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(2): 306-314.

中国服务业CO2排放的时空特征与EKC检验

基金项目: 湖南省教育厅科学研究重点项目(14A088);国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2010CB955200)

Spatiotemporal Characteristics and EKC Testing of CO2 Emissions from China's Service Industry

  • 摘要: 采用IPCC温室气体排放清单中CO2排放因子与估算方法,核算了1995—2012年中国30个省区(不含港澳台地区和西藏自治区数据,全文同)服务业的CO2排放量,并对30个省区服务业人均CO2排放量的时空特征进行分析;利用基于面板数据的EKC模型检验中国及其三大经济带服务业增长与CO2排放之间的关系. 结果表明:在考察期内,中国服务业人均CO2排放量从0.16 t升至0.77 t,服务业人均增加值从1 621.04元增至9 991.95元;服务业人均CO2排放量排在前列的省区大都位于东部地区;东部和中部地区人均CO2排放量与服务业人均增加值之间呈线性正相关,人均服务业增加值每增加1个单位,人均CO2排放量将分别增加1.02和1.16个单位;西部地区人均CO2排放量与服务业人均增加值之间呈单调递增关系. 在此基础上,提出差别化的碳减排对策:①东部地区应通过技术改进和优化产业结构、能源消费结构来降低CO2排放,并成为中国服务业节能减排的“领头羊”;②中、西部地区应在保持服务业经济适当增速的前提下,将提高能源利用效率和降低能源强度作为减排重点.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-07-31
  • 修回日期:  2015-11-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-02-25

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