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浑太河流域鱼类生物完整性指数构建与应用

刘猛 渠晓东 彭文启 周怀东

刘猛, 渠晓东, 彭文启, 周怀东. 浑太河流域鱼类生物完整性指数构建与应用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(3): 343-352.
引用本文: 刘猛, 渠晓东, 彭文启, 周怀东. 浑太河流域鱼类生物完整性指数构建与应用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(3): 343-352.
LIU Meng, QU Xiaodong, PENG Wenqi, ZHOU Huaidong. Development and Application of a Fish-Based Index of Biological Integrity for the Hun-Tai River Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(3): 343-352.
Citation: LIU Meng, QU Xiaodong, PENG Wenqi, ZHOU Huaidong. Development and Application of a Fish-Based Index of Biological Integrity for the Hun-Tai River Basin[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(3): 343-352.

浑太河流域鱼类生物完整性指数构建与应用

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51208483,51479219)

Development and Application of a Fish-Based Index of Biological Integrity for the Hun-Tai River Basin

  • 摘要: 为了解决在不同区域和不同河流类型间等大尺度范围内F-IBI(鱼类生物完整性指数)评价方法体系的建立问题,以浑河-太子河(下称浑太河)流域为研究区域,构建符合区域性特征的生物完整性评价体系并进行应用研究. 于2014年5月对浑太河流域32个采样点的鱼类进行采样调查,根据鱼类群落特征的空间差异和浑太河流域水生态分区,将采样点分为中上游和下游区域两种类型. 通过综合栖息地和水质的标准化方法确定参照点和受损点,依据候选指标分布范围检验、敏感性分析和相关性检验,筛选出浑太河流域中上游F-IBI核心指标包括总物种数、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数、鲤形目鱼类物种数百分比、雅罗鱼亚科个体数百分比、鳅科鱼类物种数百分比、鲈形目鱼类物种数百分比、杂食性鱼类物种数百分比、肉食性鱼类物种数百分比、敏感性鱼类个体数百分比等9个指标;下游筛选出F-IBI核心指标包括总物种数、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数、鮈亚科鱼类物种数百分比、鲈形目鱼类物种数百分比、虾虎鱼科鱼类物种数百分比、中上层鱼类物种数百分比、东北特有鱼类物种数百分比、无脊椎动物食性鱼类物种数百分比、耐受性鱼类个体数百分比等9个指标. 分别提出了浑太河流域中上游和下游的参数标准化公式和健康评价标准,依此将浑太河流域健康状态划分为极好、好、一般、差和极差5个健康等级. 评价结果表明,浑太河流域健康状况整体偏差,在32个采样点中,健康状况处于差和极差的采样点占采样点总数的37.5%,一般的采样点占21.88%,仅有6.25%的采样点处于极好状态. Pearson相关性分析结果显示,F-IBI分值与电导率、ρ(BOD5)、ρ(CODCr)、ρ(NH3-N)和ρ(TN)均呈显著负相关,而与栖息地综合指数呈显著正相关,表明F-IBI可有效评估浑太河流域的健康状况.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-09-14
  • 修回日期:  2015-11-02
  • 刊出日期:  2016-03-25

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