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膨润土对鸡粪序批式厌氧消化特性的影响

马俊怡 潘君廷 郜天磊 邱凌 刘宏斌

马俊怡, 潘君廷, 郜天磊, 邱凌, 刘宏斌. 膨润土对鸡粪序批式厌氧消化特性的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(3): 442-448.
引用本文: 马俊怡, 潘君廷, 郜天磊, 邱凌, 刘宏斌. 膨润土对鸡粪序批式厌氧消化特性的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(3): 442-448.
MA Junyi, PAN Junting, GAO Tianlei, QIU Ling, LIU Hongbin. Enhanced Anaerobic Digestion of Chicken Manure by Bentonite Addition[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(3): 442-448.
Citation: MA Junyi, PAN Junting, GAO Tianlei, QIU Ling, LIU Hongbin. Enhanced Anaerobic Digestion of Chicken Manure by Bentonite Addition[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(3): 442-448.

膨润土对鸡粪序批式厌氧消化特性的影响

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51576167);农业部农村能源科技专项项目(2014-30)

Enhanced Anaerobic Digestion of Chicken Manure by Bentonite Addition

  • 摘要: 为考察外源添加物——膨润土对鸡粪厌氧消化特性的影响,在中温〔(35±1)℃〕条件下,采用L8(23)正交试验设计,考察了膨润土添加量(w,以干基计,下同)、鸡粪VS(挥发性固体)添加量、厌氧消化污泥接种量对鸡粪厌氧消化过程中产气、pH、氨氮形态、EC(电导率)等的影响. 结果表明:添加1.5%和3.0%的膨润土均能显著提高鸡粪VS产CH4量,并且在高鸡粪添加量情况下达到极显著水平(P<0.01);当膨润土添加量为3.0%、厌氧消化污泥接种量为20%时,VS累积产CH4量达到301.92 mL/g,比对照组(160.76 mL/g)提高了87.80%;当鸡粪VS添加量相同时,添加1.5%和3.0%的膨润土均能极显著地降低消化料液的ρ(TAN)(TAN为总氨氮)(P<0.01),并且可以减少鸡粪厌氧消化过程中ρ(FAN)(FAN为游离氨)的剧烈变化;添加膨润土还能极显著地降低鸡粪厌氧消化料液的EC. 研究显示,添加膨润土有利于缓解鸡粪厌氧消化过程中氨氮抑制,提高系统稳定性,并可显著改善厌氧消化整体性能.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-10-28
  • 修回日期:  2015-12-17
  • 刊出日期:  2016-03-25

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