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转Bt基因水稻残留秸秆对农田底栖动物的影响

刘方 蒋万祥 李俊生 梁玉勇 刘勇波

刘方, 蒋万祥, 李俊生, 梁玉勇, 刘勇波. 转Bt基因水稻残留秸秆对农田底栖动物的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(4): 522-528.
引用本文: 刘方, 蒋万祥, 李俊生, 梁玉勇, 刘勇波. 转Bt基因水稻残留秸秆对农田底栖动物的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(4): 522-528.
LIU Fang, JIANG Wanxiang, LI Junsheng, LIANG Yuyong, LIU Yongbo. Effects of Remaining Bt-Transgenic Rice Straws on Benthos Communities in Fields[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(4): 522-528.
Citation: LIU Fang, JIANG Wanxiang, LI Junsheng, LIANG Yuyong, LIU Yongbo. Effects of Remaining Bt-Transgenic Rice Straws on Benthos Communities in Fields[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(4): 522-528.

转Bt基因水稻残留秸秆对农田底栖动物的影响

基金项目: 农业部转基因生物新品种培育科技重大专项(2012ZX08011002);国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201309038);中国环境科学研究院环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室自主研究课题基金项目

Effects of Remaining Bt-Transgenic Rice Straws on Benthos Communities in Fields

  • 摘要: 为研究转Bt基因水稻秸秆残留对稻田内底栖动物的潜在影响,利用转Bt基因水稻“华恢1号”及其亲本“明恢63”的秸秆进行稻田填埋试验,分析转Bt基因水稻秸秆中Bt蛋白对秸秆分解和底栖动物多样性的影响. 结果表明:①在填埋的水稻秸秆上共发现223个底栖动物,分属9个科,其中,在转Bt基因和非转基因水稻秸秆上均发现7个科. ②秸秆种类和秸秆填埋时间对底栖动物丰度、物种数、Shannon-Wiener多样性指数、辛普森优势集中性指数(Simpson diversity index)和Pielou均匀度指数均无明显影响. ③转Bt基因和非转基因水稻秸秆剩余率均随着填埋时间的延长而逐渐降低,填埋7周后,两种类型秸秆剩余率平均值均为44.0%,二者之间无明显差异. ④在填埋的7周内,转Bt基因水稻秸秆中w(Bt蛋白)平均值为1.99~3.04 μg/g,7周后为2.04 μg/g. 研究显示,稻田残留的转Bt基因水稻秸秆对底栖动物多样性无显著影响.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-11-10
  • 修回日期:  2015-12-28
  • 刊出日期:  2016-04-25

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