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北京市城市河流中精神活性物质的污染水平及环境风险

张艳 张婷婷 郭昌胜 花镇东 张远 徐建

张艳, 张婷婷, 郭昌胜, 花镇东, 张远, 徐建. 北京市城市河流中精神活性物质的污染水平及环境风险[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(6): 845-853.
引用本文: 张艳, 张婷婷, 郭昌胜, 花镇东, 张远, 徐建. 北京市城市河流中精神活性物质的污染水平及环境风险[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(6): 845-853.
ZHANG Yan, ZHANG Tingting, GUO Changsheng, HUA Zhendong, ZHANG Yuan, XU Jian. Pollution Status and Environmental Risks of Illicit Drugs in the Urban Rivers of Beijing[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(6): 845-853.
Citation: ZHANG Yan, ZHANG Tingting, GUO Changsheng, HUA Zhendong, ZHANG Yuan, XU Jian. Pollution Status and Environmental Risks of Illicit Drugs in the Urban Rivers of Beijing[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(6): 845-853.

北京市城市河流中精神活性物质的污染水平及环境风险

基金项目: 环境基准与风险评估国家重点实验室自由探索项目

Pollution Status and Environmental Risks of Illicit Drugs in the Urban Rivers of Beijing

  • 摘要: 为评价北京市城市河流地表水体中5种精神活性物质〔METH(甲基苯丙胺)、AMP(苯丙胺)、KET(氯胺酮)、EPH(麻黄碱)和HA(羟亚胺)〕的环境风险,通过对固相萃取柱(Oasis HLB、Oasis MCX、Oasis WAX和Oasis PRiME HLB)类型、水样酸化、洗脱剂类型及体积等条件的确定,建立了同时测定水环境中精神活性物质的固相萃取-液相色谱-质谱(SPE-LC-MS/MS)联用方法,并对北京市城市河流地表水体中5种精神活性物质的质量浓度水平进行了调查,采用RQ(风险熵)法进行了风险评价. 结果表明,在水样未酸化条件下,Oasis MCX柱对精神活性物质的回收率最高,使用含5%(V/V)氨水的甲醇作为洗脱液,5种精神活性物质的回收率可以达到81.8%~91.1%. 地表水水体基质加标结果表明,5种精神活性物质的加标回收率均大于75.5%,相对标准偏差均小于10.0%. 方法检出限为0.30~0.80 ng/L,定量限为1.00~2.68 ng/L. 北京市7条城市河流中5种精神活性物质的质量浓度在1.00~99.51 ng/L之间. EPH在所有采样点均被检出且质量浓度较高,ρ(EPH)平均值为22.79 ng/L;ρ(AMP)相对较低,在1.54~11.23 ng/L之间,但AMP检出率为97.06%;ρ(METH)较高,平均值为14.63 ng/L,最高值(99.51 ng/L)出现在坝河. 研究显示,北京市地表水中5种精神活性物质的RQ均小于0.1,表明其可能的环境风险较低,但由于精神活性物质本身具有生物活性,它们对城市河流水生生态系统产生的潜在危害不容忽视.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-03
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-01
  • 刊出日期:  2016-06-25

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