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丁苯橡胶生产废水的生物降解特性

尚海英 席宏波 周岳溪 王亚娥 李杰

尚海英, 席宏波, 周岳溪, 王亚娥, 李杰. 丁苯橡胶生产废水的生物降解特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(6): 887-893.
引用本文: 尚海英, 席宏波, 周岳溪, 王亚娥, 李杰. 丁苯橡胶生产废水的生物降解特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(6): 887-893.
SHANG Haiying, XI Hongbo, ZHOU Yuexi, WANG Ya'e, LI Jie. Treatment of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber Wastewater by Aerobic Biodegradation[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(6): 887-893.
Citation: SHANG Haiying, XI Hongbo, ZHOU Yuexi, WANG Ya'e, LI Jie. Treatment of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber Wastewater by Aerobic Biodegradation[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(6): 887-893.

丁苯橡胶生产废水的生物降解特性

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07201-005)

Treatment of Styrene-Butadiene Rubber Wastewater by Aerobic Biodegradation

  • 摘要: 为研究丁苯橡胶生产废水的好氧生物降解特性,对某石化企业丁苯橡胶生产装置的生产废水进行好氧处理,并采用液液萃取-气相色谱/质谱、三维荧光光谱、紫外吸收光谱等手段对水质指标进行表征. 结果表明:经好氧生物降解后,丁苯橡胶废水中ρ(CODCr)和ρ(DOC)分别降至155和76 mg/L,CODCr和DOC去除率分别为76.07%和70.08%;废水中二苄胺、苯乙烯和十二烷基二甲基叔胺等9种主要特征有机物19 d内可被完全降解. 丁苯橡胶生产废水在λExEm(激发波长/发射波长)为225 nm/340 nm、215 nm/290 nm,275 nm/340 nm处有3个荧光峰,分别由二苄胺、十二烷基二甲基叔胺、苯乙烯、甲苯和苯甲醛等胺类、苯乙烯和芳香族化合物等有机物产生,好氧生物降解能去除废水中的绝大部分荧光物质,荧光峰强度的总去除率达到93.87%;废水中二苄胺、十二烷基二甲基叔胺、4-甲基环己酮、苯甲醛,苯乙烯、甲苯等有机物使丁苯橡胶生产废水分别在波长190~230、230~250、250~400 nm处有紫外吸收,好氧生物降解对UV254的去除率达到52%. 研究显示,丁苯橡胶废水经单独好氧生物处理不能达到GB 31572—2015《合成树脂工业污染物排放标准》的要求,需结合其他方式进行联合处理.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-01
  • 修回日期:  2016-03-07
  • 刊出日期:  2016-06-25

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