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煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用:模型·实证

万伦来 刘福 郭文慧

万伦来, 刘福, 郭文慧. 煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用:模型·实证[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(6): 916-924.
引用本文: 万伦来, 刘福, 郭文慧. 煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用:模型·实证[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(6): 916-924.
WAN Lunlai, LIU Fu, GUO Wenhui. Stress of Coal Mining on Ecosystem Functions:Model and Demonstration[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(6): 916-924.
Citation: WAN Lunlai, LIU Fu, GUO Wenhui. Stress of Coal Mining on Ecosystem Functions:Model and Demonstration[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(6): 916-924.

煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用:模型·实证

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(71573070)

Stress of Coal Mining on Ecosystem Functions:Model and Demonstration

  • 摘要: 为研究煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用,基于系统动力学原理构建一般情况下煤炭开采对生态系统功能胁迫作用的系统动力学模型,分析不同情境下煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用特征,并以淮河流域典型煤炭资源型城市——淮南市为例进行实证研究. 结果表明:煤炭开采对生态系统功能有胁迫作用,政府是重要影响因素;不同情境下煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用不同,表现为情境一(理想状态)<情境二(良性状态)<情境三(一般状态)<情境四(停滞状态)<情境五(糟糕状态);生态治理投资系数和煤炭开采技术投资系数的比值越大,则煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用越小. 实证结果通过有效性检验,表明该研究建立的系统动力学模型具有可靠性. 当前淮南市生态治理投资和煤炭开采技术投资的比值为0.511,表明淮南市生态系统功能系统和煤炭开采系统处于一般状态. 研究显示,政府在维持生态系统功能稳态中发挥着一定作用. 煤炭开采对生态系统功能的胁迫作用特征:当生态治理投资系数和煤炭开采技术投资系数的比值为0时,生态系统功能系统和煤炭开采系统处于糟糕状态;当比值为(0,1)时,处于一般状态;当比值为1时,处于良性状态;当比值大于1时,两大系统进入理想状态.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-11-16
  • 修回日期:  2016-03-07
  • 刊出日期:  2016-06-25

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