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北京市1990—2030年加油站汽油VOCs排放清单

黄玉虎 常耀卿 任碧琪 刘明宇 肖宇 潘涛

黄玉虎, 常耀卿, 任碧琪, 刘明宇, 肖宇, 潘涛. 北京市1990—2030年加油站汽油VOCs排放清单[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(7): 945-951.
引用本文: 黄玉虎, 常耀卿, 任碧琪, 刘明宇, 肖宇, 潘涛. 北京市1990—2030年加油站汽油VOCs排放清单[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(7): 945-951.
HUANG Yuhu, CHANG Yaoqing, REN Biqi, LIU Mingyu, XIAO Yu, PAN Tao. Emissions Inventory of Gasoline VOCs from Service Stations in Beijing from 1990 to 2030[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(7): 945-951.
Citation: HUANG Yuhu, CHANG Yaoqing, REN Biqi, LIU Mingyu, XIAO Yu, PAN Tao. Emissions Inventory of Gasoline VOCs from Service Stations in Beijing from 1990 to 2030[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(7): 945-951.

北京市1990—2030年加油站汽油VOCs排放清单

基金项目: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAC17B01);国家环境保护公益性行业科研专项(201409021);北京市环境保护科学研究院科技基金项目(2014-B-03)

Emissions Inventory of Gasoline VOCs from Service Stations in Beijing from 1990 to 2030

  • 摘要: 加油站汽油销售量随机动车保有量同步快速增长,并已成为北京市VOCs主要来源之一. 为准确估算加油站VOCs排放,在比较国内外加油站VOCs排放因子的基础上,结合北京市加油站油气治理过程,估算北京市1990—2014年加油站VOCs排放清单,并预测2015—2030年排放清单. 结果表明:①中国、US EPA(美国国家环境保护局)和EEA(欧洲环境署)的加油站VOCs未控制排放因子分别是CARB(美国加州空气资源委员会)排放因子的1.78、1.38和0.85倍;②根据CARB排放因子和北京本地油气治理措施计算得到北京市2003年、2008年和2030年VOCs加权排放因子,分别为2 103、263和80 mg/L,2008年和2030年控制效率分别为2003年的88%和96%;③2003年加油站VOCs排放量达到峰值(5 134 t/a),在北京市实施DB 11/208—2003《加油站油气排放控制和限值》后,2008年VOCs排放量减至1 195 t/a,城六区排放量约占全市的60%;④《北京市2013—2017年清洁空气行动计划》实施后,预测2017年、2022年和2030年的VOCs排放量分别为1 252、976和531 t/a,2030年汽油消费量是1990年的8.8倍,但VOCs排放量仅为1990年的34%. 研究显示,北京市加油站油气回收工作为加油站VOCs减排做出了巨大贡献.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-06
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-21
  • 刊出日期:  2016-07-25

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