留言板

尊敬的读者、作者、审稿人, 关于本刊的投稿、审稿、编辑和出版的任何问题, 您可以本页添加留言。我们将尽快给您答复。谢谢您的支持!

姓名
邮箱
手机号码
标题
留言内容
验证码

退牧还草前后鄂尔多斯市生物资源产品消费的生态影响

胡洁 甄霖 匡文慧 王超 杜秉贞 盛文萍 刘文超

胡洁, 甄霖, 匡文慧, 王超, 杜秉贞, 盛文萍, 刘文超. 退牧还草前后鄂尔多斯市生物资源产品消费的生态影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(7): 1014-1022.
引用本文: 胡洁, 甄霖, 匡文慧, 王超, 杜秉贞, 盛文萍, 刘文超. 退牧还草前后鄂尔多斯市生物资源产品消费的生态影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(7): 1014-1022.
HU Jie, ZHEN Lin, KUANG Wenhui, WANG Chao, DU Bingzhen, SHENG Wenping, LIU Wenchao. Ecological Consequences of Consumption of Bio-Resource Products before and after the “Return Grazing Land to Grassland” Initiative in Ordos City in Inner Mongolia[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(7): 1014-1022.
Citation: HU Jie, ZHEN Lin, KUANG Wenhui, WANG Chao, DU Bingzhen, SHENG Wenping, LIU Wenchao. Ecological Consequences of Consumption of Bio-Resource Products before and after the “Return Grazing Land to Grassland” Initiative in Ordos City in Inner Mongolia[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(7): 1014-1022.

退牧还草前后鄂尔多斯市生物资源产品消费的生态影响

基金项目: 国家重点基础研究发展计划(973)项目(2014CB954302);国家科技支撑计划项目(2013BAC03B04)

Ecological Consequences of Consumption of Bio-Resource Products before and after the “Return Grazing Land to Grassland” Initiative in Ordos City in Inner Mongolia

  • 摘要: 为了明晰退牧还草工程前后生物资源产品消费结构变化对生态环境的影响差异,以内蒙古自治区鄂尔多斯市为例,通过对传统生态足迹计算中的“全球公顷”进行本地化处理,采用“省公顷”生态足迹法分析该地区1995年(退牧还草前)、2012年(退牧还草后)生物资源产品消费特点及其生态影响. 结果表明:与1995年相比,2012年鄂尔多斯市生物资源产品消费结构呈现多元化特征,由以粮食油料和肉蛋奶为主向多种食物种类转变,化石能源的大量使用使薪柴消费量相对减少;与此同时,2012年鄂尔多斯市粮食油料和薪柴消费的生态足迹消耗量均呈降低趋势(降幅分别为53.23%和86.49%),而蔬菜瓜果和肉蛋奶的生态足迹均有所增加(其中蔬菜瓜果增幅达到44.97%). 各种生物资源产品的消费主要是对耕地生态足迹的消耗,粮食油料对耕地生态足迹消耗量的贡献率由1995年的40.17%降至2012年的21.74%,而蔬菜瓜果和部分肉蛋奶的贡献率均有所增加. 2012年鄂尔多斯市生态赤字(2.738 4 hm2/人)低于1995年(3.438 2 hm2/人),生态效率亦明显较高,表明人类活动对自然资源的扰动、占用和对生态环境的影响均有所缓解,并且资源环境利用效率得到显著提升. 但该市生态赤字率仍然很高,伴随着外来人口的迁入,还需548.83×104 hm2的生物生产性土地面积才能满足2012年鄂尔多斯市常住人口对生物资源产品消费生态足迹的总需求. 研究显示,鄂尔多斯市生物资源产品消费结构的多元化转变在一定程度上可有效缓解其所产生的生态压力,生态效率的提高有助于进一步调解人地关系、改善生态环境.

     

  • [1] 尚玉昌.人类生态学(六):人类与自然资源.生态学杂志,1983(2):45-51.
    [2] ZHEN Lin,OCHIRBAT B,LV Y,et al.Comparing patterns of ecosystem service consumption and perceptions of range management between ethnic herders in Inner Mongolia and Mongolia.Environmental Research Letters,2010,5(1):15001-15011.
    [3] 姜联合,王建中,郑元润,等.鄂尔多斯高原退化生态系统恢复与区域经济发展.干旱区研究,2004,1(2):144-149.JIANG Lianhe,WANG Jianzhong,ZHENG Yuanrun,et al.Regeneration of the degenerated ecosystems and the regional social-economic development in the Ordos Plateau.Arid Zone Research,2004,1(2):144-149.
    [4] 蒙吉军,朱利凯,杨倩,等.鄂尔多斯市土地利用生态安全格局构建.生态学报,2012,2(21):6755-6766.MENG Jijun,ZHU Likai,YANG Qian,et al.Building ecological security pattern based on land use:a case study of Ordos,Northern China.Acta Ecologica Sinica,2012,2(21):6755-6766.
    [5] 吴睿子,甄霖,杜秉贞,等.内蒙古生态保护工程队农牧民生产生活方式的影响.资源科学,2012,4(6):1049-1061.WU Ruizi,ZHEN Lin,DU Bingzhen,et al.Impact of ecological conservation program on lifestyle changes of households in inner Mongolia.Resources Science,2012,4(6):1049-1061.
    [6] ZHEN Lin,LI Fen,YAN Huimin,et al.Herders' willingness to accept versus the public sector's willingness to pay for grassland restoration in the Xilingol League of Inner Mongolia,China.Environmental Research Letters,2014,9(4):1-15.
    [7] DU Bingzhen,ZHEN Lin,DE GROOT R,et al.Changing patterns of basic household consumption in the Inner Mongolian grasslands:a case study of policy-oriented adoptive changes in the use of grasslands.The Rangeland Journal,2014,6:505-517.
    [8] WACKERNAGEL M,ONISTO L,BELLO P,et al.National natural capital accounting with the ecological footprint concept.Ecological Economic,1999,9(3):375-390.
    [9] WILLIAM E R.Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity:what urban economics leaves out.Environment and Urbanization,1992(4):121-1301.
    [10] REES W,WACKERNAGEL M.Urban ecological footprints:why cities cannot be sustainable and why they are a key to sustainability.Environmental Impact Assessment Review,1996,6:223-248.
    [11] BORUCKE M,MOORE D,CRANSTON G,et al.Accounting for demand and supply of the biosphere's regenerative capacity:the national footprint accounts' underlying methodology and framework.Ecological Indicators,2013,4:518-533.
    [12] 陈成忠,林振山.生态足迹模型的争论与发展.生态学报,2008,8(12):6252-6263.CHEN Chengzhong,LIN Zhenshan.Debate and development of ecological footprint model during the last 10 years.Acta Ecologica Sinica,2008,8(12):6252-6263.
    [13] CUADRA M,BJORKLUND J.Assessment of economic and ecological carrying capacity of agricultural crops in Nicaragua.Ecological Indicators,2007,7:133-149.
    [14] 孙维,余成群,李少伟.日喀则市农业生态足迹研究.环境科学研究,2008,1(5):214-218.SUN Wei,YU Chengqun,LI Shaowei.Study on agricultural ecological footprint for Shigatse City.Research of Environmental Sciences,2008,1(5):214-218.
    [15] 刘孝富,张林波,舒俭民,等.生态足迹压力空间分析在城市规划中的应用.环境科学研究,2008,1(3):110-115.LIU Xiaofu,ZHANG Linbo,SHU Jianmin,et al.Ecological footprint pressure spatial analysis and its application in urban planning.Research of Environmental Sciences,2008,1(3):110-115.
    [16] 张乐勤,李荣富,荣慧芳,等.安徽省近10年能源足迹测度及驱动因子分析.环境科学研究,2012,5(4):474-480.ZHANG Leqin,LI Rongfu,RONG Huifang,et al.Analysis and measurement of factors driving energy ecological footprints in Anhui Province over the last decade.Research of Environmental Sciences,2012,5(4):474-480.
    [17] 孙清清,黄心禺,石磊.纺织印染企业水足迹测算案例.环境科学研究,2014,7(8):910-914.SUN Qingqing,HUANG Xinyu,SHI Lei.Corporate water footprint of textile industry:methodology and case study.Research of Environmental Sciences,2014,7(8):910-914.
    [18] World Wildlife Found.Living planet report 2014:species and spaces,people and places[EB/OL].Gland,Switzerland:World Wildlife Found,2014[2014-09-30].http://www.worldwildlife.org/pages/living-planet-report-2014.
    [19] SCOTTI M,BONDAVALLI C,BODINI A.Ecological footprint as a tool for local sustainability:the municipality of Piacenza(Italy) as a case study.Environmental Impact Assessment Review,2009,9:39-50.
    [20] 徐中民,张志强,程国栋,等.中国1999年生态足迹计算与发展能力分析.应用生态学报,2003,4(2):280-285.XU Zhongmin,ZHANG Zhiqiang,CHEN Guodong,et al.Ecological footprint calculation and development capacity analysis of China in 1999.Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology,2003,4(2):280-285.
    [21] 张志强,徐中民,程国栋,等.中国西部12 省(区市) 的生态足迹.地理学报,2001,6(5):599-610.ZHANG Zhiqiang,XU Zhongmin,CHEN Guodong,et al.The ecological footprints of the 12 provinces of West China in 1999.Acta Geographica Sinica,2001,6(5):599-610.
    [22] 郭秀锐,杨居荣,毛显强.城市生态足迹计算与分析:以广州为例.地理研究,2003,2(5):654-662.GUO Xiurui,YANG Jurong,MAO Xianqiang.Calculation and analysis of urban ecological footprint:a case study of Guangzhou.Geographical Research,2003,2(5):654-662.
    [23] 方恺,沈万斌,董德明.经济增长和技术进步对吉林省能源足迹的影响分析.干旱区地理,2013,6(1):186-193.FANG Kai,SHEN Wanbin,DONG Deming.Impacts of economic growth and technological progress on energy eco-footprint in Jilin Province.Arid Land Geography,2013,6(1):186-193.
    [24] 胡鸿兴,何伟,沈虹,等.湖北“两圈”区域发展可持续性评价与预测.长江流域资源与环境,2010,9(4):351-359.HU Hongxing,HE Wei,SHEN Hong,et al.Evaluation and prediction of sustainable development of the “Two Circles” in Hubei Province.Resources and Environment in the Yangtze Basin,2010,9(4):351-359.
    [25] 何伟,胡鸿兴,沈虹,等.湖北省“两圈”生物资源生态足迹动态分析.中国人口·资源与环境,2011,1(2):167-174.HE Wei,HU Hongxing,SHEN Hong,et al.Dynamic analysis of ecological footprint of biological resource:a case study of the “Two Circles” in Hubei Province.China Population Resources and Environment,2011,1(2):167-174.
    [26] 吴开亚,王玲杰.基于全球公顷和国家公顷的生态足迹核算差异分析.中国人口· 资源与环境,2007,7(5):80-83.WU Kaiya,WANG Lingjie.Accounting discrepancies of ecological footprint based on global hectare and national hectare.China Population Resources and Environment,2007,7(5):80-83.
    [27] 张恒义,刘卫东,林育欣,等.基于改进生态足迹模型的浙江省域生态足迹分析.生态学报,2009,9(5):2738-2748.ZHANG Hengyi,LIU Weidong,LIN Yuxin,et al.A modified ecological footprint analysis to a sub-national area:the case study of Zhejiang Province.Acta Ecological Sinica,2009,9(5):2738-2748.
    [28] 张恒义,刘卫东,王世忠,等.“省公顷”生态足迹模型中均衡因子及产量因子的计算:以浙江省为例.自然资源学报,2009,4(1):82-92.ZHANG Hengyi,LIU Weidong,WANG Shizhong,et al.Calculation and analysis of equivalence factor and yield factor of ecological footprint based on sub-national hectare:a case study of Zhejiang.Journal of Natural Resources,2009,4(1):82-92.
    [29] 程淑杰,朱志玲,王林伶,等.基于“省公顷”足迹变化的泾源县生态补偿定量评价.水土保持研究,2013,0(5):216-220.CHEN Shujie,ZHU Zhiling,WANG Linling,et al.Analysis of the ecological compensation based on “Province Hectare” ecological footprint change in Jingyuan County,Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region.Research of Soil and Water Conservation,2013,0(5):216-220.
    [30] 冯娟,赵全升,谢文霞,等.“省公顷”在小城镇生态足迹分析中的应用研究:以山东省晏城镇生态建设为例.地理科学,2008,8(2):209-213.FENG Juan,ZHAO Quansheng,XIE Wenxia,et al.Applied research of “Province Hectare” in analysis for small towns-ecological footprint:a case study of ecological construction in Yancheng Town.Scientia Geographica Sinica,2008,8(2):209-213.
    [31] 季单.中国区域生态效率评价:基于生态足迹方法.当代经济管理,2013,5(2):57-62.JI Dan.Evaluation on China's regional eco-efficiency:based on ecological footprint methodology.Contemporary Economy & Management,2013,5(2):57-62.
    [32] 刘雪林.生态系统服务消费研究:以泾河流域供给服务和景观愉悦服务消费为例.北京:中国科学院研究生院,2009.
    [33] 陈阜.农业生态学教程.北京:气象出版社,1998:159.
    [34] HU Jie,ZHEN Lin,SUN Chuanzhun,et al.Ecological footprint of biologcial resources consumption in a typical area of the Green for Grain Project in Northwestern China.Environments,2015,2(1):44-60.
    [35] 鲁凤,徐建华,王占永,等.生态足迹影响因子定量分析及其动态预测比较研究:以新疆为例.地理与地理信息科学,2010,6(6):70-74.LU Feng,XU Jianhua,WANG Zhanyong,et al.Study on quantitative relationship between ecological footprint and economic growth and socioeconomic driving mechanism of ecological footprint:a case study in Xinjiang.Geography and Geo-Information Science,2010,6(6):70-74.
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  1770
  • HTML全文浏览量:  24
  • PDF下载量:  980
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-10-12
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-07
  • 刊出日期:  2016-07-25

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回