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饮用水源水质预警监控断面设置方法及其应用

易雯 王丽婧 郑丙辉 刘奕慧

易雯, 王丽婧, 郑丙辉, 刘奕慧. 饮用水源水质预警监控断面设置方法及其应用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1101-1108.
引用本文: 易雯, 王丽婧, 郑丙辉, 刘奕慧. 饮用水源水质预警监控断面设置方法及其应用[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1101-1108.
YI Wen, WANG Lijing, ZHENG Binghui, LIU Yihui. Method and Application of Monitoring Sections Planning for Water Quality Early Warning for Drinking Water Sources[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1101-1108.
Citation: YI Wen, WANG Lijing, ZHENG Binghui, LIU Yihui. Method and Application of Monitoring Sections Planning for Water Quality Early Warning for Drinking Water Sources[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1101-1108.

饮用水源水质预警监控断面设置方法及其应用

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2009ZX07528-003);中央重金属污染防治资金项目

Method and Application of Monitoring Sections Planning for Water Quality Early Warning for Drinking Water Sources

  • 摘要: 为进一步保障饮用水源水质安全,以北江的广东辖区段(下称北江)为案例区,研究构建了饮用水源水质预警监控断面设置方法,并开展应用研究. 研究结果:①系统提出了饮用水源水质预警监控断面设置思路. 从断面类型上,划分为入境断面、控制断面、预警断面、目标断面4类;从断面功能上,分别定位为入境水质监控、源头影响控制、早期水质预警、目标水质保障;从断面的风险覆盖范围上,分别在面尺度、线尺度、点尺度3个层面保障水源水质安全;从而构建分类多级的饮用水源水质预警监控站网. ②提出了饮用水源水质预警监控各类断面的设置方法. 如入境断面的设置执行“属地管理”原则,与跨省(市)界断面保持一致;控制断面的设置遵循“快速响应”原则,在高风险源及河段下游就近布设;预警断面的设置遵循“应急缓冲”原则,断面与取水口距离的核算公式是预留的水团迁移时间、设定水文条件下水流流速2类参数的函数,预留迁移时间需要满足不小于当地区域应急响应时间的约束条件;目标断面则直接位于取水口. ③北江流域饮用水源水质预警监控断面初设136个,优化核定后共计111个,包括入境断面6个、控制断面71个、预警断面26个、目标断面16个,其中有8个断面具有多重监控功能属性. ④经验证,该研究中所述方法具有可操作性.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-05-11
  • 修回日期:  2016-05-25
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-25

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