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基于调查的中国秸秆露天焚烧污染物排放清单

彭立群 张强 贺克斌

彭立群, 张强, 贺克斌. 基于调查的中国秸秆露天焚烧污染物排放清单[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1109-1118.
引用本文: 彭立群, 张强, 贺克斌. 基于调查的中国秸秆露天焚烧污染物排放清单[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1109-1118.
PENG Liqun, ZHANG Qiang, HE Kebin. Emissions Inventory of Atmospheric Pollutants from Open Burning of Crop Residues in China based on a National Questionnaire[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1109-1118.
Citation: PENG Liqun, ZHANG Qiang, HE Kebin. Emissions Inventory of Atmospheric Pollutants from Open Burning of Crop Residues in China based on a National Questionnaire[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1109-1118.

基于调查的中国秸秆露天焚烧污染物排放清单

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41222036)

Emissions Inventory of Atmospheric Pollutants from Open Burning of Crop Residues in China based on a National Questionnaire

  • 摘要: 基于2010年初农村能源消费情况的问卷调查,获得全国分省秸秆露天焚烧比例,在此基础上确定秸秆露天焚烧的活动水平,采用排放因子法建立中国秸秆露天焚烧的污染物排放清单. 结果表明,中国农村秸秆露天焚烧平均比例为20.8%. 2009年全国28个省区(不包括西藏自治区、天津市、上海市、港澳台地区,下同)秸秆露天焚烧的PM2.5、BC、OC、SO2、NOx、CO、NMVOC、NH3、CH4和CO2排放量分别138.1×104、6.4×104、41.1×104、8.7×104、41.8×104、594.6×104、94.4×104、8.0×104、44.2×104和14 355.4×104 t. 稻谷、玉米和小麦是露天焚烧的三大作物秸秆,其对污染物排放的贡献合计约为87%. 秸秆露天焚烧排放量最高的前3位分别为湖南省、河南省和安徽省, 秸秆露天焚烧比例分别43.1%、20.8%和39.7%. 污染排放的高值区主要集中在华北和华中地区. 95%置信区间下的不确定性分析结果显示,PM2.5、BC、OC、SO2、NOx、CO和NMVOC排放的不确定性范围分别为-60%~83%、-78%~147%、-73%~135%、-48%~75%、-49%~78%、-91%~155%和-67%~94%. 2015年初对六省(湖南省、广东省、江苏省、河南省、黑龙江省和辽宁省)农村能源消费调查的结果显示,2014年江苏省、湖南省和广东省的秸秆露天焚烧比例较2009年均有下降,而辽宁省、黑龙江省和河南省则相对上升. 研究显示,秸秆禁烧政策已取得初步成效,建议国家有关部门进一步加大秸秆禁烧政策的推行力度,完善相关政策措施.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-03-05
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-28
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-25

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