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基于OMI数据的中国中东部臭氧及前体物的时空分布

单源源 李莉 刘琼 陈勇航 石颖颖 刘小正 乔利平

单源源, 李莉, 刘琼, 陈勇航, 石颖颖, 刘小正, 乔利平. 基于OMI数据的中国中东部臭氧及前体物的时空分布[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1128-1136.
引用本文: 单源源, 李莉, 刘琼, 陈勇航, 石颖颖, 刘小正, 乔利平. 基于OMI数据的中国中东部臭氧及前体物的时空分布[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1128-1136.
SHAN Yuanyuan, LI Li, LIU Qiong, CHEN Yonghang, SHI Yingying, LIU Xiaozheng, QIAO Liping. Spatial-Temporal Distribution of Ozone and Its Precursors over Central and Eastern China based on OMI Data[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1128-1136.
Citation: SHAN Yuanyuan, LI Li, LIU Qiong, CHEN Yonghang, SHI Yingying, LIU Xiaozheng, QIAO Liping. Spatial-Temporal Distribution of Ozone and Its Precursors over Central and Eastern China based on OMI Data[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1128-1136.

基于OMI数据的中国中东部臭氧及前体物的时空分布

基金项目: 国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAC22B03);上海市环境保护局重大课题研究项目〔沪环科(2014-01)〕

Spatial-Temporal Distribution of Ozone and Its Precursors over Central and Eastern China based on OMI Data

  • 摘要: 基于OMI卫星资料,分析了2005—2014年中国中东部地区对流层低层ρ(O3)、对流层NO2柱浓度及甲醛总柱浓度的时空演变趋势及相互关系. 结果表明:近10年来,中国中东部地区对流层低层ρ(O3)呈上升趋势,2005年及2014年分别为60.64、69.43 μg/m3,年均增长率为1.6%;对流层低层ρ(O3)增长的区域面积不断扩大,部分地区增长超23 μg/m3;呈春夏季高,冬季最低的分布趋势. 2005—2012年,对流层NO2柱浓度呈上升趋势,2005年及2012年分别为4.41×1015、5.90×1015 mol/cm2,年均增长率为4.8%;2012年后呈下降趋势,下降的区域面积逐步扩大,部分地区降低约 15×1014 mol/cm2;呈冬季最高、夏季最低的分布特征;2005—2010年甲醛总柱浓度呈上升趋势,2005年及2010年分别为9.74×1015、1.59×1016 mol/cm2,年均增长率为12.6%,2010年后呈下降趋势;呈夏季最高、冬季最低的分布特征;甲醛总柱浓度增长的区域面积逐渐扩大. 利用甲醛与NO2柱浓度比值探讨臭氧控制区的空间分布特征,表明鲁豫晋、京津冀、长三角及珠三角地区中心城市属于VOCs控制区,周围城市属于VOCs-NOx协同控制区,其他地区属于NOx控制区.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-12-25
  • 修回日期:  2016-05-09
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-25

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