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苏州市人为源氨排放清单及其分布特征

周静 刘松华 谭译 钱飞跃 梁媛 武瑾

周静, 刘松华, 谭译, 钱飞跃, 梁媛, 武瑾. 苏州市人为源氨排放清单及其分布特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1137-1144.
引用本文: 周静, 刘松华, 谭译, 钱飞跃, 梁媛, 武瑾. 苏州市人为源氨排放清单及其分布特征[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1137-1144.
ZHOU Jing, LIU Songhua, TAN Yi, QIAN Feiyue, LIANG Yuan, WU Jin. Anthropogenic Ammonia Emission Inventory and Its Spatial Distribution in Suzhou City[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1137-1144.
Citation: ZHOU Jing, LIU Songhua, TAN Yi, QIAN Feiyue, LIANG Yuan, WU Jin. Anthropogenic Ammonia Emission Inventory and Its Spatial Distribution in Suzhou City[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1137-1144.

苏州市人为源氨排放清单及其分布特征

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(51508367); 苏州市市级环境保护专项资金和污染防治资金项目(2015年下字1010号)

Anthropogenic Ammonia Emission Inventory and Its Spatial Distribution in Suzhou City

  • 摘要: 通过调研分析苏州大市范围内的农业、工业、生活及交通等相关活动水平数据,采用排放因子法建立了2013年苏州市人为源氨排放清单. 结果表明:2013年苏州市人为源氨排放总量为22 020.18 t,排放强度为3.06 t/km2;畜禽养殖、工业源、氮肥施用是苏州市氨排放的主要来源,排放量分别为8 080.99、7 103.50、4 841.23 t,共占氨排放总量的90.94%. 其中,工业源的氨排放分担率为32.25%,高于全国平均值,火电行业和化肥制造行业的氨排放占工业源排放总量的90.14%,烟气脱硝过程的氨逃逸值得关注;在畜禽源中,肉鸡和生猪是最大的氨排放源,二者排放量分别占畜禽养殖氨排放总量的42.59%和37.14%. 太仓、张家港、常熟依次为苏州市氨排放量和排放强度最大的3个地区,共占氨排放总量的69.02%,苏州市区氨排放量位列第四但排放强度最低. 空间分布特征表明,苏州市东北部氨排放较集中,中部排放量较小,周边地区特别是沿江县级市的排放量较大. 研究显示,氨排放清单的建立可为苏州市氨排放控制提供基础数据.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-01-26
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-19
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-25

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