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不同尺度下人类活动对浑太河流域鱼类和大型底栖动物群落特征的影响

李艳利 李艳粉 李科

李艳利, 李艳粉, 李科. 不同尺度下人类活动对浑太河流域鱼类和大型底栖动物群落特征的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1145-1153.
引用本文: 李艳利, 李艳粉, 李科. 不同尺度下人类活动对浑太河流域鱼类和大型底栖动物群落特征的影响[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1145-1153.
LI Yanli, LI Yanfen, LI Ke. Relative Influence of Anthropogenic Stressors on Fish and Macroinvertebrate Communities at Different Scales in Huntai Rivers[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1145-1153.
Citation: LI Yanli, LI Yanfen, LI Ke. Relative Influence of Anthropogenic Stressors on Fish and Macroinvertebrate Communities at Different Scales in Huntai Rivers[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1145-1153.

不同尺度下人类活动对浑太河流域鱼类和大型底栖动物群落特征的影响

基金项目: 国家自然科学基金项目(41401029);河南省高校科技创新团队支持计划(15IRTSTHN027);河南理工大学博士基金项目(B2014-071)

Relative Influence of Anthropogenic Stressors on Fish and Macroinvertebrate Communities at Different Scales in Huntai Rivers

  • 摘要: 为了确定鱼类和大型底栖动物群落结构对多重人类活动压力响应是否一致,以浑太河流域为例,采用典范对应分析和冗余分析方法,以自然环境因子(包括海拔、坡度、流域面积、经纬度)为协变量,比较流域(各土地利用类型面积所占比例)、河岸带(各土地利用面积所占比例)和河段尺度(水质、水力形态、水文、栖息地质量、底质类型等)下人类活动因子对鱼类和大型底栖动物群落特征的影响. 结果表明:在流域尺度上,林地和农村聚落用地面积所占比例解释了8.09%的鱼类群落特征空间变异,林地、旱地、城镇建设用地和农村聚落用地面积所占比例解释了18.28%的大型底栖动物群落特征空间变异;在河岸带尺度上,城镇建设用地面积所占比例解释了4.26%的鱼类群落特征空间变异,没有环境因子对大型底栖动物群落特征产生显著影响;在河段尺度上,电导率、ρ(TDS)、ρ(NH4+-N)、ρ(CODMn)、河宽、QHEI(a qualitative habitat evaluation index,栖息地评估指数)、ρ(DO)、ρ(TN)、硬度和pH解释了36.60%的鱼类群落特征空间变异,电导率、ρ(TDS)、ρ(NH4+-N)、ρ(CODMn)解释了14.65%的大型底栖动物群落特征空间变异.河段尺度人类活动因子对鱼类群落特征的直接影响最为显著,其次为流域尺度,河岸带尺度的影响最小;流域尺度和河段尺度人类活动因子对大型底栖动物群落特征影响大致相同. 河段尺度的水力形态和水质状况主要受流域尺度土地利用变化的影响,其次是河岸带尺度. 土地利用变化对水力形态的影响较水质更大.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2016-12-17
  • 修回日期:  2016-04-25
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-25

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