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重金属复合污染下草本植物两两组合水培的富集特性

林海 张海丽 董颖博 田野 陈思 刘璐璐

林海, 张海丽, 董颖博, 田野, 陈思, 刘璐璐. 重金属复合污染下草本植物两两组合水培的富集特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1154-1162.
引用本文: 林海, 张海丽, 董颖博, 田野, 陈思, 刘璐璐. 重金属复合污染下草本植物两两组合水培的富集特性[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(8): 1154-1162.
LIN Hai, ZHANG Haili, DONG Yingbo, TIAN Ye, CHEN Si, LIU Lulu. Enrichment Characteristics of Various Heavy Metals by Four Herbaceous Plants in Pair Combination under Hydroponic Culture[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1154-1162.
Citation: LIN Hai, ZHANG Haili, DONG Yingbo, TIAN Ye, CHEN Si, LIU Lulu. Enrichment Characteristics of Various Heavy Metals by Four Herbaceous Plants in Pair Combination under Hydroponic Culture[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(8): 1154-1162.

重金属复合污染下草本植物两两组合水培的富集特性

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2015ZX07205003)

Enrichment Characteristics of Various Heavy Metals by Four Herbaceous Plants in Pair Combination under Hydroponic Culture

  • 摘要: 为了探明草本植物两两组合培养对其重金属富集特性的影响,寻求修复V、Pb、Cd、Cr复合污染的最佳草本植物组合模式,在V、Pb、Cd、Cr 4种重金属〔ρ分别为14.0、0.8、6.0、4.0 mg/L〕共存的水培条件下,研究蒌蒿(Artemisia selengensis turcz)、三叶草(Trifolium repens)、鱼腥草(Houttuynia cordata)和紫花苜蓿(Medicago sativa) 4种草本植物两两组合培养时的重金属富集特性,以及对植物生物量、重金属富集量和转运系数的影响. 结果表明:4种草本植物两两组合培养会在不同程度上影响植物的重金属富集特性,在重金属富集能力方面,蒌蒿、鱼腥草和紫花苜蓿分别与三叶草组合培养时,其地上部分w(Cr)分别比单独培养时提高约157%、303%、639%;两两组合培养时,紫花苜蓿可促进蒌蒿、鱼腥草和三叶草对Pb的吸收. 在重金属转移能力方面,效果最突出的是“三叶草‖紫花苜蓿”组合模式,其中三叶草对V、Pb、Cd、Cr 4种重金属的转运系数分别是单独培养时的1.19、2.52、22.60和1.67倍;对不同组合模式下植物地上部分重金属提取量的分析结果显示,“三叶草‖紫花苜蓿”组合模式对V、Pb、Cd、Cr 4种重金属的提取量均较高,分别为1 555、1 688、473、482 mg/kg,表明该组合模式能够有效缓解地表径流对附近土壤造成的叠加污染. 因此,水培条件下不同草本植物两两组合培养会改变植物的重金属富集特性,并且与植物种类有关.

     

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  • 收稿日期:  2015-11-02
  • 修回日期:  2016-05-10
  • 刊出日期:  2016-08-25

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