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丹江口库区土地利用格局与水质响应关系

张博 王书航 姜霞 王雯雯 赵丽

张博, 王书航, 姜霞, 王雯雯, 赵丽. 丹江口库区土地利用格局与水质响应关系[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(9): 1303-1310.
引用本文: 张博, 王书航, 姜霞, 王雯雯, 赵丽. 丹江口库区土地利用格局与水质响应关系[J]. 环境科学研究, 2016, 29(9): 1303-1310.
ZHANG Bo, WANG Shuhang, JIANG Xia, WANG Wenwen, ZHAO Li. Response Relationship Research between Land Use Patterns and Water Quality in Danjiangkou Reservoir[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(9): 1303-1310.
Citation: ZHANG Bo, WANG Shuhang, JIANG Xia, WANG Wenwen, ZHAO Li. Response Relationship Research between Land Use Patterns and Water Quality in Danjiangkou Reservoir[J]. Research of Environmental Sciences, 2016, 29(9): 1303-1310.

丹江口库区土地利用格局与水质响应关系

基金项目: 国家水体污染控制与治理科技重大专项(2012ZX07101-013)

Response Relationship Research between Land Use Patterns and Water Quality in Danjiangkou Reservoir

  • 摘要: 为探究山地丘陵地区不同土地利用类型对流域水质的影响,利用2014年丹江口库区流域Landsat 8遥感影像数据(分辨率为30 m)和14条入库河流的水质数据,以库区14个小流域为基本研究单元,采用流域分割和多元统计分析相结合的方法研究土地利用类型对入湖河流水质的影响.结果表明:丹江口库区14条直接入库河流ρ(CODCr)、ρ(TN)、ρ(NH4+-N)和ρ(TP)年均值分别为14.98、4.06、1.32和0.17 mg/L,可将其划分为3组,即清水保育型、轻污染防控型和重污染治理型,各组之间的显著性差异指标为ρ(CODCr)、ρ(NH4+-N)、ρ(TN)和ρ(TP).冗余分析显示,建设用地对14条主要入库河流水质指标的影响最大,尤其是对重污染河流ρ(TN)、ρ(CODCr)和ρ(CODMn)的影响较大,应划为蓝线优化开发区;耕地对清水保育型和轻污染防控型河流ρ(TN)和ρ(TP)的影响较大,并且对ρ(TN)的影响大于ρ(TP),划为黄线控制区;林地有助于削减水体污染物,是流域主要清水产流区,划为红线保护区.

     

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出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2015-12-21
  • 修回日期:  2016-05-18
  • 刊出日期:  2016-09-25

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